THE VERB

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СБОРНИК грамматических тестов для студентов 1 курса отделения английского языка и литературы.

Составители: ст. преп. Куприна Р.Н., ст. преп. Мезена Л.С., преп. Соколова Ю.В., ст. преп. Шпаковская В.В. Под редакцией Профессора Нижневой Н.Н.

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THE VERB Tenses. Verb Tenses Tutorial Exercise 1 Simple Present / Present Continuous 1. Every Monday, Sally (drive) ................................. her kids to football practice. 2. Usually, I (work) ................................. as a secretary at ABT, but this summer I (study) ................................. French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris. 3. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) .................................. 4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain) .................................. 5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always) .................................. 6. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) ................................. because everybody (talk) ................................. so loudly. 7. Justin (write, currently) ................................. a book about his adventures in Tibet. I hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished. 8. Do you want to come over for dinner tonight. Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go) ................................. to a movie tonight with some friends. 9. The business cards (be, normally ) ................................. printed by a company in New York. Their prices (be) ................................. inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is quite good. 10. This delicious chocolate (be) ................................. made by a small chocolatier in Zurich, Switzerland. Verb Tenses Tutorial Exercise 2 Simple Present / Present Continuous Today (be) ................................. the second day of my trek around Mount Annapurna. I am exhausted and my legs (shake) .................................; I just hope I am able to complete the trek. My feet (kill, really) ................................. me and my toes (bleed) ................................., but I (want, still) ................................. to continue. Nepal is a fascinating country, but I have a great deal to learn. Everything (be) ................................. so different, and I (try) ................................. to adapt to the new way of life here. I (learn) ................................. a little bit of the language to make communication easier; unfortunately, I (learn, not) ................................. foreign languages quickly. Although I 70

(understand, not) ................................. much yet, I believe that I (improve, gradually) .................... I (travel, currently) ................................. with Liam, a student from Leeds University in England. He (be) ................................. a nice guy, but impatient. He (walk, always) ................................. ahead of me and (complain) ................................. that I am too slow. I (do) ................................. my best to keep up with him, but he is younger and stronger than I am. Maybe, I am just feeling sorry for myself because I am getting old. Right now, Liam (sit) ................................. with the owner of the inn. They (discuss) ................................. the differences between life in England and life in Nepal. I (know, not) ................................. the real name of the owner, but everybody (call, just) ................................. him Tam. Tam (speak) ................................. English very well and he (try) ................................. to teach Liam some words in Nepali. Every time Tam (say) ................................. a new word, Liam (try) ................................. to repeat it. Unfortunately, Liam (seem, also) ................................. to have difficulty learning foreign languages. I just hope we don't get lost and have to ask for directions. Verb Tenses Tutorial Exercise 3 Simple Past / Past Continuous 1. A: What (you, do) ................................. when the accident occurred? B: I (try) ................................. to change a light bulb that had burnt out. 2. After I (find) ................................. the wallet full of money, I (go, immediately) ......................... to the police and (turn) ................................. it in. 3. The doctor (say) ................................. that Tom (be) ................................. too sick to go to work and that he (need) ................................. to stay at home for a couple of days. 4. Sebastian (arrive) ................................. at Susan's house a little before 9:00 pm, but she (be, not) ................................. there. She (study, at the library) ................................. for her final examination in French. 5. Sandy is in the living room watching television. At this time yesterday, she (watch, also) ................................. television. That's all she ever does! 6. A: I (call) ................................. you last night after dinner, but you 70

(be, not) ................................ there. Where were you? B: I (work) ................................. out at the fitness center. 7. When I (walk) ................................. into the busy office, the secretary (talk) ................................. on the phone with a customer, several clerks (work, busily) ............................ at their desks, and two managers (discuss, quietly) ................................. methods to improve customer service. 8. I (watch) ................................. a mystery movie on T.V. when the electricity went out. Now I am never going to find out how the movie ends. 9. Sharon (be) ................................. in the room when John (tell) told me what happened, but she didn't hear anything because she (listen, not) .................................. 10. It's strange that you (call) ................................. because I (think, just) ................................. about you. 11. The Titanic (cross) ................................. the Atlanti................................. c when it (strike) ................................. an iceberg. 12. When I entered the bazaar, a couple of merchants (bargain, busily) ................................. and (try) ................................. to sell their goods to naive tourists who (hunt) ................................. for souvenirs. Some young boys (lead) ................................. their donkeys through the narrow streets on their way home. A couple of men (argue) ................................. over the price of a leather belt. I (walk) ................................. over to a man who (sell) ................................. fruit and (buy) ................................. a banana. 13. The firemen (rescue) ................................. the old woman who (be) ................................. trapped on the third floor of the burning building. 14. She was so annoying! She (leave, always) ................................. her dirty dishes in the sink. I think she (expect, actually) ................................. me to do them for her. 15. Samantha (live) ................................. in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she (live) ................................. there when the Berlin wall came down. Verb Tenses Tutorial Exercise 4 Simple Past / Past Continuous Last night, while I was doing my homework, Angela (call) .................................. She said she (call) ................................. me on 70

her cell phone from her biology classroom at UCLA. I asked her if she (wait) ................................. for class, but she said that the professor was at the front of the hall lecturing while she (talk) ................................. to me. I couldn't believe she (make) ................................. a phone call during the lecture. I asked what was going on. She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students (sleep, actually) ................................. in class. Some of the students (talk) ................................. about their plans for the weekend and the student next to her (draw) ................................. a picture of a horse. When Angela (tell) ................................. me she was not satisfied with the class, I (mention) .......................... that my biology professor was quite good and (suggest) ........................... that she switch to my class. While we were talking, I (hear) ................................. her professor yell, "Miss, are you making a phone call?" Suddenly, the line went dead. I (hang) ................................. up the phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. As I (cut) ................................. vegetables for a salad, the phone rang once again. It (be) ................................. Angela, but this time she wasn't sitting in class. Verb Tenses Tutorial Exercise 5 Simple Past / Present Perfect 1. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars"? B: I don't know. I (see, never) ................................. that movie. 2. Sam (arrive) ................................. in San Diego a week ago. 3. My best friend and I (know) ................................. each other for over fifteen years. We still get together once a week. 4. Stinson is a fantastic writer. He (write) ................................. ten very creative short stories in the last year. One day, he'll be as famous as Hemingway. 5. I (have, not) ................................. this much fun since I (be) ................................. a kid. 6. Things (change) ................................. a great deal at Coltech, Inc. When we first (start) ................................. working here three years ago, the company (have, only) ................................. six employees. Since then, we (expand) ............................... to include more than 2000 full-time workers. 7. I (tell) ................................. him to stay on the path while he was hiking, but he (wander) ................................. off into the forest and (be) ................................. bitten by a snake. 70

8. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) ................................. the bus this morning. You (be) ................................. late to work too many times. You are fired! 9. Sam is from Colorado, which is hundreds of miles from the coast, so he (see, never) ................................. the ocean. He should come with us to Miami. 10. How sad! George (dream) ................................. of going to California before died, but he didn't make it. He (see, never) ................................. the ocean. 11. In the last hundred years, traveling (become) ................................. much easier and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it (take) ................................. two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The trip (be) ................................. very rough and often dangerous. Things (change) ................................. a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. 12. Jonny, I can't believe how much you (change) ................................. since the last time I (see) ................................. you. You (grow) ................................. at least a foot! 13. This tree (be) ................................. planted by the settlers who (found) ................................. our city over four hundred years ago. 14. This mountain (be, never) ................................. climbed by anyone. Several mountaineers (try) ................................. to reach the top, but nobody (succeed, ever) .................................. The climb is extremely difficult and many people (die) ................................. trying to reach the summit. 15. I (visit, never) ................................. Africa, but I (travel) ................................. to South America several times. The last time I (go) ................................. to South America, I (visit) ................................. Brazil and Peru. I (spend) ................................. two weeks in the Amazon, (hike) ................................. for a week near Machu Picchu, and (fly) ................................. over the Nazca Lines. Focus on Verbs Exercise 6 Simple Past / Present Perfect 1. Since computers were first introduced to the public in the early 1980's, technology (change) ................................. a great deal. The first computers (be) ................................. simple machines designed for basic tasks. They (have, not) ................................. much memory and they (be, not) ................................. very powerful. Early computers 70

were often quite expensive and customers often (pay) ................................. thousands of dollars for machines which actually (do) ................................. very little. Most computers (be) ................................. separate, individual machines used mostly as expensive typewriters or for playing games. 2. Times (change) .................................. Computers (become) ................................. powerful machines with very practical applications. Programmers (create) ................................. a large selection of useful programs which do everything from teaching foreign languages to bookkeeping. We are still playing video games, but today's games (become) ................................. faster, more exciting interactive adventures. Many computer users (get, also) ................................. on the Internet and (begin) ................................. communicating with other computer users around the world. We (start) ................................. to create international communities online. In short, the simple, individual machines of the past (evolve) ................................. into an international World Wide Web of knowledge. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 7 Present Perfect / Present Perfect Continuous 1.Robin: I think the waiter (forget) ................................. us. We (wait) ................................. here for over half an hour and nobody (take) ................................. our order yet. Michele: I think you're right. He (walk) ................................. by us at least twenty times. He probably thinks we (order, already) .................................. Robin: Look at that couple over there, they (be, only) ................................. here for five or ten minutes and they already have their food. Michele: He must realize we (order, not) ................................. yet! We (sit) ................................. here for over half an hour staring at him. Robin: I don't know if he (notice, even) ................................. us. He (run) ................................. from table to table taking orders and serving food. Michele: That's true, and he (look, not) ................................. in our direction once.

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Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 8 Present Perfect / Present Perfect Continuous 1. A: How long (be) ................................. in Canada? B: I (study) ................................. here for more than three years. 2. I (have) ......................... the same car for more than ten years. I'm thinking about buying a new one. 3. I (love) ................................. chocolate since I was a child. You might even call me a "chocoholic". 4. Matt and Sarah (have) ................................. some difficulties in their relationship lately, so they (go) ................................. to a marriage counselor. I hope they work everything out. 5. John (work) ................................. for the government since he graduated from Harvard University. Until recently, he (enjoy) ................................. his work, but now he is talking about retiring. 6. Lately, I (think) ................................. about changing my career because I (become) ................................. dissatisfied with the conditions at my company. 7. I (see) ................................. Judy for more than five years and during that time I have (see) ................................. many changes in her personality.

Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 9 Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous 1. It (rain) ................................. all week. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach. 2. A: Where is Gary? B: He (study, at the library) ................................. for his German test on Wednesday. In fact, he (review) ................................. for the test every day for the last week. 3. You look really great! (You, exercise) ................................. at the fitness center ? 4. Frank, where have you been? We (wait) ................................. for you since 1 P.M.. 5. A: What is that sound? B: A car alarm (ring) ................................. somewhere down the street. It (drive) ................................. me crazy - I wish it would stop! It (ring) ................................. for more than twenty minutes. 6. Joseph's English (improve, really) ................................., isn't it? He (watch) ................................. American television programs and 70

(study) ................................. his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. Soon he will be totally fluent. 7. A: You look a little tired. (You, get) ................................. enough sleep lately? B: Yes, I (sleep) ............................ relatively well. I just look tired because I (feel) .............................. a little sick for the last week. A: I hope you feel better soon. B: Thanks. I (take, currently) ................................. some medicine, so I should feel better in a couple of days.

Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 10 Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous Mr. Smith: So tell me a little bit about yourself, Mr. Harris. I would like to find out a little bit more about your background. Mr. Harris: I (work) ................................. in the insurance industry for over ten years. I worked for Met Life for six years and World Insurance for four and a half. During that time, I heard many good things about Hollings Life Insurance and that's why I (apply) ................................. for the new sales position. Mr. Smith: Tell me a little about your hobbies and interests. Mr. Harris: In my spare time, I hike in the mountains outside of town, volunteer at the Sierra Club and play tennis. In fact, I (compete) ................................. in a tennis tournament this weekend. Mr. Smith: Really, how long (you, play) ................................. tennis ? Mr. Harris: I (play) ................................. since high school. I love the sport. Mr. Smith: Great! We like dedication here at Hollings Life. You mentioned you volunteer at the Sierra Club. I (work, currently) ................................. with them on the sea turtle project. We (try) ................................. to create a wildlife sanctuary near the bay. Mr. Harris: Do you know Frank Harris? He's my brother. He (work, presently) ................................. on the same project. Mr. Smith: I know Frank quite well. Any brother of Frank's would be a welcome addition to Hollings Life. Just one more thing, we (look) ................................. for somebody who is fluent in Spanish; many of our clients are from Mexico. Mr. Harris: No problem. I (study) ................................. Spanish since elementary school. 70

Mr. Smith: Sounds like you are the perfect candidate. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 11 Simple Past / Past Perfect I can't believe I (get) ................................. that apartment. I (submit) ................................. my application last week, but I didn't think I had a chance of actually getting it. When I (show) ................................. up to take a look around, there were at least twenty other people who (arrive) ................................. before me. Most of them (fill, already) ................................. out their applications and were already leaving. The landlord said I could still apply, so I did. I (try) ................................. to fill out the form, but I couldn't answer half of the questions. They (want) ................................. me to include references, but I didn't want to list my previous landlord because I (have) ................................. some problems with him and I knew he wouldn't recommend me. I (end) ................................. up listing my father as a reference. It was total luck that he (decide) ................................. to give me the apartment. It turns out that the landlord and my father (go) ................................. to high school together. He decided that I could have the apartment before he (look) ................................. at my credit report. I really lucked out! Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 12 Simple Past / Present Perfect / Past Perfect 1. When I (arrive) ................................. home last night, I discovered that Jane (prepare) ................................. a beautiful candle-lit dinner. 2. Since I began acting, I (perform) ................................. in two plays, a television commercial and a TV drama. However, I (speak, never even) ................................. publicly before I came to Hollywood in 1985. 3. By the time I got to the office, the meeting (begin, already) ................................. without me. My boss (be) ................................. furious with me and I (be) ................................. fired. 4. When I (turn) ................................. the radio on yesterday, I (hear) ................................. a song that was popular when I was in high school. I (hear, not) ................................. the song in years, and it (bring) ................................. back some great memories. 5. Last week, I (run) ............................ into an ex-girlfriend of mine. We (see, not) ............................ each other in years, and both of us 70

(change) .......................... a great deal. I (enjoy) ........................... talking to her so much that I (ask) ................................. her out on a date. We are getting together tonight for dinner. 6. When Jack (enter) ................................. the room, I (recognize, not) ................................. him because he (lose) ................................. so much weight and (grow) ................................. a beard. He looked totally different! 7. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan; however, their culture (disappear, virtually) ................................. by the time Europeans first (arrive) ................................. in the New World. 8. I (visit) ................................. so many beautiful places since I (come) ................................. to Utah. Before moving here, I (hear, never) ................................. of Bryce Canyon, Zion, Arches or Canyonlands. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 13 Past Perfect / Past Perfect Continuous I'm sorry I left without you last night, but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. I (try) ................................. to get tickets for that play for months, and I didn't want to miss it. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet, I (have) ................................. five cups of coffee and I (wait) ................................. over an hour. I had to leave because I (arrange) ................................. to meet Kathy in front of the theater. When I arrived at the theater, Kathy (pick, already) ................................. up the tickets and she was waiting for us near the entrance. She was really angry because she (wait) ................................. for more than half an hour. She said she (give, almost) ............................... up and (go) ............................. into the theater without us. Kathy told me you (be) ................................. late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. She mentioned that she (miss) ................................. several movies because of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the future, I suggest you be on time! several movies because of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the future, I suggest you be on time!

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Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 14 Present Perfect / Past Perfect Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous 1. It is already 9:30 pm and I (wait) ................................. here for over an hour. If John does not get here in the next five minutes, I am going to leave. 2. I was really angry at John yesterday. By the time he finally arrived, I (wait) ................................. for over an hour. I almost left without him. 3. Did you hear that Ben was fired last month? He (work) ................................. for that import company for more than ten years and he (work) ................................. in almost every department. Nobody knew the company like he did. 4. I (see) ................................. many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are verymisleading. The pyramids are actually quite small. 5. Sarah (climb) ................................. the Matterhorn, (sail) ................................. around the world, and (go) ................................. on safari in Kenya. She is such an adventurous person. 6. Sarah (climb) ................................. the Matterhorn, (sail) ................................. around the world and (go) ................................. on safari in Kenya by the time she turned twenty-five. She (experience) ................................. more by that age than most people do in their entire lives. 7. When Melanie came into the office yesterday, her eyes were red and watery. I think she (cry) .................................. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 15 Present Continuous / Simple Past Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous My English is really getting better. I (try) ................................. to learn the language since 1985, but only recently have I been able to make some real progress. By the time I started high school in 1988, I (study) ................................. the language for almost three years; however, I was only able to introduce myself and utter a few memorized sentences. For a couple more years, I (struggle) ................................. through grammar and vocabulary lessons, which made absolutely no difference. Nothing worked, so I decided to study abroad. I found an exchange program in England that sounded like the perfect answer. I (stay) ................................. with a host family for one month. 70

It was a huge disappointment! I (sit) ................................. there the whole time staring at the host mother and father hoping that there would be some breakthrough. Nothing. When I returned, I mentioned to a friend that I (have) ................................. problems with the language for years. He recommended that I spend a year in an English speaking country. I decided to go abroad again. I (research) ................................. exchange programs for a couple of weeks and finally decided on a school in the United States. Well, it worked. I (live) ................................. and (study) ................................. in the U.S. for more than two years. I (stay) ................................. here for at least another year before I return home. By then, I should be completely fluent. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 16 Present and Past Tenses and Non-Continuous Verbs 1.a. Look, I (have) ................................. two tickets for the circus. 1.b. Look, I (hold) ................................. two tickets for the circus. 2.a. We (be) ................................. there for more than half an hour by the time the show began. 2.b. We (wait) ................................. there for more than half an hour by the time the show began. 3.a. Sam (sit) .............................. in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. 3.b. Sam (be) ............................. in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me. 4.a. One clown was juggling while he (balance) ................................. a glass of wine on his head. 4.b. One clown was juggling while he (have) ................................. a glass of wine on his head. 5.a. I (love) ................................. the circus ever since I was a child. 5.b. I (go) ................................. to the circus ever since I was a child. 6.a. Right now, I (see) ................................. two elephants doing tricks in the ring. 6.b. Right now, I (look) ................................. at two elephants doing tricks in the ring.

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Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 17 Present and Past Tense Review Lars: Excuse me, which movie are you waiting for? Tony: We (wait) ................................. for the new Stars Wars Phantom Menace movie. In fact, we (wait) ................................. here for more than five hours. Lars: Five hours? When did you arrive? Tony: We (get) got here at 6:00 o'clock this morning. More than forty people (stand,already) ................................. here waiting for tickets when we arrived. Lars: I can't believe that! Are you serious? Tony: Yeah, people (take) ................................. Star Wars movies seriously. In fact, this particular showing has been sold out for over a week. We (wait, just) ................................. in line to get a good seat in the theater. Lars: When did you buy your tickets? Tony: I (buy) ................................. them last week by phone. I (know) ................................. tickets would be hard to get because I (hear) ................................. on the news that a group of people in Los Angeles (wait) ................................. in line for almost a month to buy some. Lars: I don't believe that! Tony: It's true. They (camp) ................................. out in front of Mann's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles for about a month because they (want) ................................. to be the first people to see the movie. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 18 Will / Be Going to 1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write) ................................. a letter to my friends back home in Texas. 2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get) ................................. you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up. 3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) ................................. it up so you can hear it. 4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) ................................. Paris, Nice and Grenoble. 70

5. Sarah (come) ................................. to the party. Oliver (be) ................................. there as well. 6. A: It is so hot in here! B: I (turn) ................................. the air conditioning on. 7. I think he (be) ................................. the next President of the United States. 8. After I graduate, I (attend) ................................. medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life. 9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter (help) ................................. you. 10. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) ................................. down to the beach and go swimming. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 19 Will / Be Going to 1. Mark: What are you doing with those scissors? Beth: I (cut) ................................. that picture of the ocean out of the travel magazine. Mark: What (you, do) ................................. with it? Beth: I (paint) ................................. a water color of the ocean for my art class, and I thought I could use this photograph as a model. 2. Mark: (You, do) ................................. me a favor Sam? Sam: Sure, what do you want me to do? Mark: I (change) ................................. the broken light bulb in the lamp above the dining room table. I need someone to hold the ladder for me while I am up there. Sam: No problem, I (hold) ................................. it for you. 3. Gina: Where are you going? Ted: I (go) ................................. to the store to pick up some groceries. Gina: What (you, get) .................................? Ted: I (buy) ................................. some milk, some bread, and some coffee. 4. John: Wow, it's freezing out there. Jane: I (make) ................................. some coffee to warm us up. Do you want a piece of pie as well? John: Coffee sounds great! But I (have) ................................. dinner 70

with some friends later, so I'd better skip the pie. Jane: I (go) ................................. to dinner tonight too, but I'm having a piece of pie anyway. 5. Frank: I heard you're taking a Spanish class at the community college. Tom: Yeah, I (go) ................................. to Guatemala next spring and I thought knowing a little Spanish would make the trip easier. Frank: I (visit) ................................. my brother in Marseilles next year. Maybe I should take a French class. Tom: I have a course catalog in the other room. I (go) ................................. get it, and we can see whether or not they're offering a French course next semester. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 20 Will / Be Going to 1. Michael: Do you think the Republicans or the Democrats (win) ................................. the next election? Jane: I think the Republicans (win) ................................. the next election. John: No way! The Democrats (win) .................................. 2. Susan: We (go) ................................. camping this weekend. Would you like to come along? Sam: That sounds great, but I don't have a sleeping bag. Susan: No problem. I (lend) ................................. you one. My family has tons of camping gear. 3. Barbara: I (buy) ................................. a new car this weekend, but I'm a little worried because I don't really know much about cars. I'm afraid the salesman (try) ................................. to take advantage of me when he sees how little I know. Dave: I used to work for a mechanic in high school and I know a lot about cars. I (go) ................................. with you to make sure you are not cheated. 4. Gina: Fred and I (visit) ................................. Santa Fe next summer. Have you ever been there? Margaret: My family lives in Santa Fe! I (give) ................................. you my parents' phone number. When you get to Santa Fe, just call them and they (give) ................................. you a little tour of the town. They can show you some of the sights that most tourists never see. 5. Pam: Can you see my future in the crystal ball? What (happen) 70

................................. next year? Fortune Teller: You (meet) ................................. a man from the East Coast, perhaps New York or maybe Boston. You (marry) ................................. that mystery man. Pam: Forget the man! I want to know if I (get) ................................. a new job. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 21 Simple Present / Simple Future 1. Today after I (get) ................................. out of class, I (go) ................................. to a movie with some friends. 2. When you (arrive) ................................. in Stockholm, call my friend Gustav. He (show) ................................. you around the city and help you get situated. 3. A: Do you know what you want to do after you (graduate) .................................? B: After I (receive) ................................. my Master's from Georgetown University, I (go) ........................... to graduate school at UCSD in San Diego. I (plan) ................................. to complete a Ph.D. in cognitive science. 4. If it (snow) .............................. this weekend, we (go) ................................ skiing near Lake Tahoe. 5. Your father (plan) ................................. to pick you up after school today at 3:00 o'clock. He (meet) ................................. you across the street near the ice cream shop. If something happens and he cannot be there, I (pick) ................................. you up instead. 6. If the people of the world (stop, not) ................................. cutting down huge stretches of rain forest, we (experience) ................................. huge changes in the environment during the twenty-first century. 7. If Vera (keep) ................................. drinking, she (lose, eventually) ................................. her job. 8. I promise you that I (tell, not) ................................. your secret to anybody. Even if somebody (ask) ................................. me about what happened that day, I (reveal, not) ................................. the truth to a single person. 9. She (make) ................................. some major changes in her life. She (quit) ................................. her job and go back to school. After she (finish) ................................. studying, she (get) ................................. a better paying job and buy a house. She is going to improve her life! 70

10. Tom (call) ................................. when he (arrive) ................................. in Madrid. He (stay) ................................. with you for two or three days until his new apartment (be) ................................. available. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 22 Simple Present / Simple Future 1. Michael: After you (leave) ................................. work, will you please drop by the grocery store and pick up some milk and bread. Marie: No problem, I (pick) ................................. up the groceries and be home by 6 o'clock. Michael: Great. You will probably get home before I (do) .................................. 2. Ari: By the time we (get) ........................... to the movie theater, the tickets are going to be sold out. Sarah: Don't worry. I told Jane we might be arriving just before the movie (start) ................................ She (buy) ................................. our tickets and meet us in the lobby. Ari: That place is huge! We (find, never) ................................. her in that crowded lobby. Sarah: Calm down, we (meet) ................................. each other near the entrance. 3. Terry: If the weather (be) ................................. good tomorrow, maybe we should go to the beach. Jennifer: I have a better idea. If it (be) ................................. nice out, we'll go to the beach; and if it (rain) ................................., we'll see a movie. Terry: I guess we will have to wait until we (get) ................................. up in the morning to find out what we are going to do. 3. Max: What are you going to do tomorrow after work? Sean: I (meet) ................................. some friends at the cafe across the street. Would you like to come along? Max: No thanks! My brother is coming to town and I (pick) ................................. him up from the airport at 7 o'clock. Sean: We (be, probably) ................................. at the cafe until 9 o'clock. Why don't you join us after you (pick) ................................. him up. Max: Sounds good. We (see) ................................. you around 8 o'clock. 70

5. Lucy: I (call) ................................. you as soon as I arrive in Dublin. Dwain: If I am not there when you (call) ................................., make sure to leave a message. Lucy: I will. And please don't forget to water my plants and feed the cat. Dwain: I promise I (take) ................................. care of everything while you are in Ireland. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 23 Simple Future / Future Continuous 1. Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us? Marcus: He (wait) ................................. for us when our train arrives. I am sure he (stand) ................................. on the platform when we pull into the station. Sandra: And then what? Marcus: We (pick) ................................. Michele up at work and go out to dinner. 2. Ted: When we get to the party, Jerry (watch) ................................. TV, Sam (make) ................................. drinks, Beth (dance) ................................. by herself, and Thad (complain) ................................. about his day at work. Robin: Maybe, this time they won't be doing the same things. Ted: I am absolutely positive they (do) ................................. the same things; they always do the same things. 3. Florence: Oh, look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash) ................................. all of those? Jack: I promise I (do) ................................. them when I get home from work. Florence: Thanks. Jack: When you get home this evening, that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (sit) ................................. in the cabinets. 4 .Doug: If you need to contact me next week, I (stay) ................................. at the Hoffman Hotel. Nancy: I (call) ................................. you if there are any problems. Doug: This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids. Nancy: Don't worry, they (be) ................................. fine. 5. Samantha: Just think, next week at this time, I (lie) ................................. on a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tai's 70

and eating pineapple. Darren: While you are luxuriating on the beach, I (stress) ................................. out over this marketing project. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard. Samantha: I 'll manage somehow. Darren: You're terrible. Can't you take me with you? Samantha: No. But I (send) ................................. you a postcard of a beautiful, white-sand beach. Darren: Great, that (make) ................................. me feel much better. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 24 Simple Present / Simple Future Present Continuous / Future Continuous 1. Right now I am watching T.V. Tomorrow at this time, I (watch) ................................. T.V. as well. 2. Tomorrow after school, I (go) ................................. to the beach. 3. I am going on a dream vacation to Tahiti. While you (do) ................................. paperwork and (talk) ................................. to annoying customers on the phone, I (lie) ................................. on a sunny, tropical beach. Are you jealous? 4. We (hiding) ................................. when Tony (arrives) ................................. at his surprise party. As soon as he opens the door, we (jump) ................................. out and (scream) ............................... ................................., "Surprise!" 5. We work out at the fitness center everyday after work. If you (come) ................................. over while we (work) ................................. out, we will not be able to let you into the house. Just to be safe, we (leave) ................................. a key under the welcome mat so you will not have to wait outside. 6. While you (study) ................................. at home, Magda (be) ................................. in class. 7. When I (get) ................................. to the party, Sally and Doug (dance) ................................., John (make) ................................. drinks, Sue and Frank (discuss) ................................. something controversial, and Mary (complain) ................................. about something unimportant. They are always doing the same things. They are so predictable. 8. When you (got) ................................. off the plane, I (wait) ................................. for you. 9. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully, when we (wake) 70

................................. up tomorrow morning, the sun (shine) .................................. 10. If you (need) ................................ to contact me sometime next week, I (stay) ............................... at the Sheraton in San Francisco. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 25 Future Perfect / Future Perfect Continuous 1. Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store? Jerry: Don't worry. By the time you get back, I (pick) ................................. up the living room and (finish) ................................. washing the dishes. Everything will be perfect when your parents arrive. Margaret: I hope so. They (arrive) ................................. around 6 o'clock. Jerry: Everything (be) ................................. spotless by the time they get here. 2. Nick: I just have two more courses before I graduate from university. By this time next year, I (graduate) ................................. and I will already be looking for a job. Stacey: Does that scare you? Are you worried about the future? Nick: Not really. I (go) ................................. to a career counselor and get some advice on how to find a good job. Stacey: That's a good idea. Nick: I am also going to do an internship so that when I leave school, I (complete, not, only) ................................. over 13 business courses, but I (work, also) ................................. in the real world. 3. Stan: Did you hear that Christine (take) ................................. a vacation in South America this winter? Fred: I can't believe how often she goes abroad. Where exactly does she want to go? Stan: She (visit) ................................. Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador. Fred: At this rate, she (visit) ................................. every country in the world by the time she's 50. 4. Judy: How long have you been in Miami? Elaine: I have only been here for a couple of weeks. Judy: How long do you plan on staying? Elaine: I love Miami, so I (stay) ................................. here for an extended period of time. When I go back home, I (be) 70

................................. here for more than three months. Judy: Wow, that's quite a vacation! You (see, definitely) ................................. just about everything there is to see in Miami by then. 5. Jane: I can't believe how late we are! By the time we get to the dinner, everyone (finish) ................................. eating. Jack: It's your own fault. You took way too long in the bathroom. Jane: I couldn't get my hair to look right. Jack: Who cares? By the time we get there, everyone (left) .................................. Nobody (see,even) ................................. your hair.

Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 26 Future Perfect / Future Perfect Continuous 1. By the time we get to Chicago this evening, we (drive) ................................. more than four hundred miles. We are going to be exhausted. 2. When Sarah goes on vacation next month, she (study) ................................. German for over two years. She should be able to communicate fairly well while she is in Austria. 3. I have not traveled much yet; however, I (visit) ................................. the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States. 4. By the time you finish studying the verb tense tutorial, you (master) ................................. all twelve tenses including their passive forms. 5. Drive faster! If you don't hurry up, she (have) ................................. the baby by the time we get to the hospital. 6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months ago. When I return to Australia, I (study) ................................. for nine months and I (be) ................................. in England for exactly one year. 7. Margie just called and said she would be here at 8:00 o'clock. By the time she gets here, we (wait) ................................. for her for two hours. 8. Frank just changed jobs again. If he keeps this up, he (change) 70

................................. jobs at least four or five times by the end of the year. 9. Come over to my house around 9 o'clock. By then, I (complete) ................................. my history essay and we can go see a movie. 10. In June, my grandmother and grandfather (be) ................................. married for fifty years.

Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 27 Future Perfect / Future Perfect Continuous 1. Jack: Have you been watching the Eco-Challenge on TV? Janet: Isn't that exciting? It has got to be the most unbelievably difficult sporting event in the world. Jack: I know. By the time they finish the course, they (raft) ................................. more than 150 miles down a raging river, (hike) ................................. through 80 miles of jungle, (climb) ................................. a volcano and (kayak) ................................. through shark-infested waters. Janet: And don't forget that they (move) ................................. for at least eight days straight. 2. Oliver: When are going to get your Bachelor degree, Anne? Anne: I am going to finish my degree next June. By the time I graduate, I (go) ................................. to four different colleges and universities, and I (study) ................................. for more than seven years. Oliver: Wow, that's a long time! Anne: And I plan to continue on to get a Ph.D. Oliver: Really? How long is that going to take? Anne: By the time I finally finish studying, I (be) ................................. a student for over 13 years. 3. Max: Sarah has been in the kitchen all day long. Jake: It doesn't sound like she's having a very good Thanksgiving. Max: She (cook) ................................. for over seven hours by the time everyone arrives for dinner this afternoon. Hopefully, she (finish) ................................. everything by then. Jake: Maybe we should help her out. 4. Mike: It's 6:00, and I have been working on my essay for over three hours. Sid: Do you think you (finish) ................................. by 10:00. There's 70

a party at Donna's tonight. Mike: I (complete, probably) .............................. the essay by 10:00, but I (work) .............................. on it for more than seven hours and I don't think I am going to feel like going to a party. 5. Fred: By the time they finish their trip across Yosemite National Park, they (hike) .......................... for more than six days. Ginger: And they (be, not) in a bed or (have) ................................. a shower in almost a week! Fred: When we pick them up, they (eat) ................................. camping food for days, and I am sure they will be starving. Ginger: I think we had better plan on taking them directly to a restaurant. Verb Tense Tutorial Exercise 28 Future Continuous / Future Perfect Continuous 1. Simona: Margaret is really going to speak Spanish well when she gets back from that language school in Mexico? Isabelle: Hopefully! She (take) ................................. classes for more than six months. Simona: She is going to be able to speak Spanish with some of our Latin American clients. Isabelle: Good. Two clients from Peru (visit) ................................. us next month when Margaret returns. We need someone to entertain them while they are here. 2. Jason: I am leaving! Nurse: If you would please wait, the doctor will be with you in ten minutes. The doctor is having some problems with a patient. Jason: The doctor was having problems with that patient an hour ago. If I wait another ten minutes, I am sure he (have, still) ................................. problems with her. By the time he's finally ready to see me, I (wait) ................................. for more than two hours. 3. Frank: What are you going to be doing tomorrow at five? Debbie: I (paint) ................................. painting my living room walls. Frank: Still? How long have you been working on your living room. Debbie: Forever. By the time I finish, I (redecorate) .......................... the living room for over a week. Frank: Too bad. I was going to ask go if you wanted to see a movie. What about the day after tomorrow? Debbie: Sorry, I (move) ................................. furniture and (put) 70

................................. up drapes. 4. Mr. Jones: What are you going to be doing next year at this time? Mr. McIntyre: I (work) ................................. for a big law firm in New Orleans. Mr. Jones: I didn't know you were leaving Baton Rouge. Mr. McIntyre: I got a great job offer which I just can't refuse. Besides, by the time I move, I (live) ................................. in Baton Rouge for over twenty years. I think it's about time for a change. Verb Tense Practice Test Exercise 29 Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. You look really great! (You, exercise) ................................. at the fitness center? 2. A: What (you, do) ................................. when the accident occurred? B: I (try) ................................. to change a light bulb that had burnt out. 3. I (have) ................................. the same car for more than ten years. I'm thinking about buying a new one. 4. If it (snow) ............................... this weekend, we (go) ............................... skiing near Lake Tahoe. 5. A: What do you call people who work in libraries? B: They (call) ................................. librarians. 6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months ago. When I return to Australia, I (study) ................................. for nine months and I (be) ................................. in England for exactly one year. 7. Sam (arrive) ................................. in San Diego a week ago. 8. Samantha (live) ................................. in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she (live) ................................. there when the Berlin wall came down. 9. If Vera (keep) ................................. drinking, she (lose, eventually) ................................. her job. 10. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan; however, their culture (disappear, virtually) ................................. by the time Europeans first (arrive) ......................... in the New World. 11. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) .................................. 12. It (rain) ................................. all week. I hope it stops by Saturday 70

because I want to go to the beach. 13. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) ................................. the bus this morning. You (be) ................................. late to work too many times. You are fired! 14. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully, when we (wake) ................................. up tomorrow morning, the sun (shine) .................................. 15. I have not traveled much yet; however, I (visit) ................................. the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States. 16. I (see) ................................. many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small. 17. In the last hundred years, traveling (become) ................................. much easier and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it (take) ................................. two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The trip (be) ................................. very rough and often dangerous. Things (change) ................................. a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. 18. Joseph's English (improve, really) ................................., isn't it? He (watch) ................................. American television programs and (study) ................................. his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. Soon he will be totally fluent. 19. When I (arrive) ................................. home last night, I discovered that Jane (prepare) ................................. a beautiful candle-lit dinner. 20. If you (need) ............................... to contact me sometime next week, I (stay) ................................. at the Sheraton in San Francisco. Verb Tense Final Test Exercise 30 Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. When Carol (call) ................................. last night, I (watch) ................................. my favorite show on television. 2. I (work) ................................. for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Sharon (love) ................................. to travel. She (go) ................................. abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru. 4. Thomas is an author. He (write) ................................. mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) ................................. since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) ................................. seven 70

novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) ................................. to the train station, Susan (wait) ................................. for us for more than two hours. 6. Sam (try) ................................. to change a light bulb when he (slip) ................................. and (fell) .................................. 7. Everyday I (wake) ................................. up at 6 o'clock, (eat) ................................. breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) ................................. for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get) ................................. up at 6:30, (skip) ................................. breakfast and (leave) ................................. for work late because I (forget) ................................. to set my alarm. 8. Right now, Jim (read) ................................. the newspaper and Kathy (make) ................................. dinner. Last night at this time, they (do) ................................. the same thing. She (cook) ................................. and he (read) ................................. the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also) ................................. the same thing. She (prepare) ................................. dinner and he (read) .................................. They are very predictable people! 9. By this time next summer, you (complete) ................................. your studies and (find) ................................. a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not) ................................. anything. I (study, still) ................................. and you (work) ................................. in some new high paying job. 10. The students (be, usually) ................................. taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (be) ................................. taught by Mr. Tanzer. 11. Jane talks on the phone. Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Mary is talking on the phone. Who is not necessarily on the phone now? ................................. 12. I'm going to make dinner for Frank. I'm making dinner for Judy. I'll make dinner for Mary. I make dinner for Ted. I will be making dinner for Tony. Who are you offering to make dinner for? ................................. 13. Jane left when Tim arrived. Bob left when Tim had arrived. Tim arrived when Mary was leaving. 70

John had left when Tim arrived. After Tim arrived, Frank left. Who did not run into Tim? ................................. 14. Jane is talking in class. Bob always talks in class. Mary is always talking in class. Whose action bothers you? ................................. 15. Jane never left Jamestown. Bob has never left Jamestown. Who is still alive? .................................

THE SEQUENCE OF TENSES 1. Open the brackets using proper tense forms: 1. Our tourist group (arrive) in Moscow in the morning. A bus (take) us to the hotel the "Ukraine". After breakfast and a short rest we (invite) for a sightseeing tour of Moscow. 2. He (give) me back the book, (thank) me for lending it to him and (say) that he (enjoy) it very much, but I (know) that he (not read) it because most of the pages (be) still uncut. 3. When you (be) going to post this parcel? - It (post) in an hour I think. 4. We (meet) Peter at the station on Friday. 5. When he (see) his wife off at the station, he (return) home as he (not to have) to be at the airport till 9.30. 7. What language you (teach) when you (study) at the University? -French. 8. He (not to have) to pack, for his wife already (do) that for him and his case (be) ready in the hall. 9. Why they (not to come) to the party? -Well, I (not to know). They (send) the invitation about a week ago. 10. When I (come), he (read) a book. - what he (do) now? 11. He (not to have) to check the doors and windows either, for his wife always (do) that before she (leave) the house. 12. When the tickets (book)? - In a week. 13. All he (have) to do (be) to decide whether or not to take his overcoat with him. In the end he (decide) not to. 14. When I (reach) the building I (stop) by a policeman who wanted to see my pass. 15. At 8.30 he (pick) up his case, (go) out of the house and (slam) the door behind him. 16. Students (allow) to use dictionaries at the exam? -No, dictionaries (not to allow). 70

17. He (feel) in his pockets for the key, for his wife (remind) him to double-lock the front door. 18. A new stadium (build) opposite our house last year. 19. When he (search) all his pockets he (find) the key he (remember) where it (be). He (leave) it in his overcoat. 20. You (look) for your gloves? Ask the attendant, some gloves (pick) up and (give) to him a few minutes ago. 21. I (arrive) in England in the middle of July, I (be told) that England (be) covered with fog, all year round, so I (be) quite surprised to find that it was merely raining. 22. The mother (tell) not to worry about her sick boy. 23. When the old lady (return) to her flat she (see) at once that burglars (break) in during her absence. 24. I wonder whether Alice (invite) him to the conference. His report (be) interesting. 25. It's a very good shop. I (shop) here for 15 years. 26. When they (hold) examinations? -They (hold) them at the end of the month. 27. I wonder if anything (happen) to Tom. 28. I just (remember) that I (not to pay) the rent yet. 29. What you (do.) - I (look) for you for ages. 30. If you (want) to help me, I (be) pleased. Test-Sequence of Tenses, Indirect Speech. I. Use the required forms, observing the rules of sequence of tenses. 1.He hastened back home in the hope that the guests(not to go)all yet. 2.Well, I don’t think I ever(to see)you before. 3.She ended by saying that she(to think)she (to make) a mistake. 4.She knew what(to go) in their minds. 5.She felt that her father(not to want)to disturb her. 6.She had telephoned her husband to the office to say that her brother(to return)from abroad. 7.An old friend rang up to ask if they(to have)a good time in Italy, how Elisabeth(to feel),and whether she(can) go with his wife to a concert on Sunday morning. 8.I could see that he(to be) glad that the talk(to turn)to a new subject. 9.It’s odd that they both(to turn)up there about the same time. 10.She had not yet figured out what she(to do)and she(to hope)to be able to wait a little. 70

11.It was possible that Jack(to hang)around. 12.She knew that John(to work)very hard and(not to agree)certainly to taking a holiday at the moment. 13.She didn’t know why she(to invent)suddenly the story. 14.He wondered if Sinclair(to have)to go to his father to get the money and(to have)to explain why he(to need) it. 15.The teacher said that water(to be) a liquid. 16.He rejected my proposal because he (to fly) to Florida next week.. II. Change into indirect speech. 1.She said, ”He always has dinner here.” 2.”You are the best companion I have ever had,” she says. 3.”He must be having his exam now,” his mother explained. 4.The doctor asked,” How long have you been having your headache?” 5.I said to Mary, ”Don’t go there alone.” 6.John explained to us,” When I came, he was drawing a portrait.” 7.”Tell Kate to hurry up , she may be late,” my dad asked me. 8.Ann’s mother said,” Will you help me ,dear?” 9.I say, ”Where will you go for your holidays?” 10.The teacher said, ”You didn’t prepare the report yesterday.” III .Translate into English. 1.Врач сказала, что я очень поправилась. Она так же добавила, что мне надо соблюдать диету. 2.Мне поскорее хотелось узнать, куда уехал Марк. Его мама сказала, что он вернётся лишь на следующей неделе. 3.Он не хотел идти в кино, потому что в воскресенье уже посмотрел его. 4.Я был уверен, что его брат сидит в саду и читает книгу. 5.Они утверждали, что занимаются этим видом спорта с детства. 6.Я дам вам ответ, когда переговорю с членами команды. 7.Она сказала, что всегда ходит в школу пешком и ещё ни разу не нарушила свою привычку. 8.Я ещё раз спрашиваю тебя, где ты пропадал всю ночь. DIRECT AND INDERECT SPEECH 1. Open the brackets: 1.1 (not to see) Charles for some time. - He (be) ill, poor chap. He (get) into accident and he (be) sent to hospital. 2. There (be) a good programme on TV last night. You (see) it? 3. The policeman usually (come) at 7. 4. The bus (start) at midnight tomorrow. 5. You (see) it? They (break) a window. 6. You ever (be) to France? - Yes, I (spend) a week there. I (go) to improve my French but everyone I (meet) (want) to improve his English. 7. We (be going) to play ball tomorrow. 8. 70

What you (do) since you (get) a divorce? 9. When I (come) to him yesterday he (sleep). I (wake) him up and (tell) him everything. 10. Nobody (get) letters today. The postman (not to come). 11. You (find) out yet about the trains to Liverpool? No. I (ring) the station last night but the man who (answer) (not to seem) to be sure of times. He (say) something about a new timetable. 12. He said that when I (come) the next day, his sister (read) a book. 13.I (come) to you as soon as I (finish) my report but not earlier. 14. He (fish) every day. 15. Where (be) you? -I (be) shopping in Oxford Street. - So I (suppose) you (buy) shoes? - Yes, I (find) a shop, where they (have) a sale and I (get) 3 pairs. 16. What you (do) when the doorbell (ring)? - I (make) a cake. - And what you (do) when you (hear) a bell? 17. You ever (play) chess with the father? -We (play) ones or twice, but he (die) a year after I (arrive). 18. He always (borrow) from me. Am I the only one? I think it (last) for ever. What do you (think)? 19.1 can't find my gloves. You (see) them? Yes, you (leave) them in the car yesterday. 20. How you (break) your leg? I (fail off) the ladder. 21. When you (begin) school? -11 years ago. And this year I (finish) it. Now I (prepare) myself to the entrance exam. 2. Ask questions: 1. He has just broken a vase, (all types) 2. When the bell rang, I was cooking, (where) 3.I worked for Brown & Co. (what) 4. She said that he would stay there for ever. (how long) 5.I am making a tart now. (- or -) 6. They usually go there by train. (who) 3. Translate 1. Что вы делали, когда он постучал в дверь. 2. Самолет улетает в 9. 3. В то время, когда шел дождь, дети играли в зале. 4. Я спросил :" Это были вы, кто звонил мне по телефону 5 минут назад?" 5. В последний раз он брился позавчера. 6. Какие пьесы вы успели написать с тех пор, как я видел вас в прошлом году? 7. Что вы делали вчера в 6 часов вечера? - Я ужинал. Мы всегда так поздно ужинаем. 8. Мы празднуем 10 годовщину нашей совместной жизни. 9. Я стирала белье вручную в течение многих лет, но в прошлом году мы купили стиральную машину. 10. Вы уже когда- нибудь встречали англичан? - Да, я повстречал какого-то мистера Смидта вчера на вечеринке. 11. Ты уже закончил перевод? -Да, 10 минут назад. 12. Том ушел из дома в 10 и еще не вернулся. THE PASSIVE VOICE I. Put into the Passive Voice. 1 . He offered me a chair2.They have not told him about it yet. 3. They 70

informed me that they had seen you in Oxford street. 4. Mother promised the boy a new toy. 5.They showed me the way. 2. Translate using the Active of the passive Voice. I . Какой вопрос ты сейчас обсуждаешъ? 2. Когда было построено это здание? 3. Он говорит, что уже выполнил упражнения, 4. Когда мы переехали сюда, неподалеку строилось несколько домов. 5. Такие вопросы часто задают на экзамене. THE USE OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD Conditional Sentences A) weather forecasters predict many farmers 1) If it doesn't rain in the near will lose their crops to high wind, sleet and future, hail. 2) If that insect were B) the farmers downstream would suffer. That accidentally introduced to the is why the plan was rejected. Midwest, 3) When the government C) the drought is going to cause the farmers' completes the proposed dam, crops to fail. 4) When the storms come this D) the reduced water flow will affect the season, farmers' crops downstream. 5) If the government dammed E) it would cause major damage to the farmers' the river next year, crops. Part C The following passage should be completed by putting the verb in parentheses in the Future Real Conditional or the Future Unreal Conditional. 1. Researchers are visiting Loch Ness next week to see if they can find signs of the Loch Ness Monster. I seriously doubt they will find anything. If they did actually manage to find something, I am sure they (become) ________________________ world famous. 2. I am going to go to California next week on business. If I have enough time, I (visit) ________________________ my friends in Los Angeles. 3. Sally has always been interested in pre-Columbian cultures. When she (go) ________________________ to Mexico, she (visit) ________________________ Chichen Itza, the most famous Mayan site in the Yucatan. 4. We are driving from Las Vegas to Death Valley next week by way of Pahrump, a town located on the edge of the infamous Area 51. Area 51 is well known for its UFO sightings. If I (see) ________________________ any aliens, I (be) ________________________ sure to take a picture for you. Just kidding! 70

5. I am afraid I won't be able to come to your wedding next week because my company is sending me to New York to attend a trade show. I (miss, never) ________________________ your wedding if I (have) ________________________ a choice in the matter. 6. I (interpret) ________________________ for you at the conference tomorrow if I (be) ________________________ not already scheduled to work at the UN. I have a friend who (do) ________________________ it for you, if she (be, not) ________________________ busy. 7. The mountain climbing team (attempt) ________________________ to conquer Mount Everest next month if the weather conditions (be) ________________________ suitable. I (join) ________________________ them in the ascent if I (can) ________________________. Unfortunately, I broke my leg last month while training in Alaska. 8. If Sarah (go) ________________________ to university, she (be) ________________________ the first person in her family to get an advanced education. She has applied to many schools, but she really wants to go to MIT. If she (get) ________________________ accepted to the university, she (move) ________________________ to Boston to study astrophysics. 9. If mankind (do, not) ________________________ something about the destruction of the rain forest, global warming (cause) ________________________ dramatic changes in weather conditions all over the world. 10. Even if they managed to convince him to run for President in the next election, he (be, never) ________________________ elected. His ideas are too dramatic and unconventional to be accepted by the mainstream. MODAL VERBS Modals 1 can, could, have to, must, might, should 1. Ted's flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He ……………… be exhausted after such a long flight. He ……………… prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest. 2. If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you ……………… walk downtown and explore the waterfront. 3. Hiking the trail to the peak ……………… be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You ……………… research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent. 4. When you have a small child in the house, you ……………… leave 70

small objects lying around. Such objects ……………… be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death. 5. A: ……………… you hold your breath for more than a minute? B: No, I can't. 6. Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It ……………… have cost a fortune. 7. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don't get enough water, they ……………… die. 8. I ……………… speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Egypt. But after we moved back to Canada, I had very little exposure to the language and forgot almost everything I knew as a child. Now, I ……………… just say a few things in the language. 9. The book is optional. My professor said we ……………… read it if we needed extra credit. But we ……………… read it if we don't want to. 10. A: Where is the spatula? It ……………… be in this drawer but it's not here. B: I just did a load of dishes last night and they're still in the dish washer. It ……………… be in there. That's the only other place it ……………… be. 11. You ……………… take your umbrella along with you today. The weatherman on the news said there's a storm north of here and it ……………… rain later on this afternoon. 12. ……………… we pull over at the next rest stop? I really ……………… use the bathroom and I don't know if I ……………… hold it until we get to Chicago. 13. Oh no! Frank's wallet is lying on the coffee table. He ……………… have left it here last night. 14. A: ……………… I borrow your lighter for a minute? B: Sure, no problem. Actually, you ……………… keep it if you want to. I've given up smoking. 15. I ……………… believe she said that to Megan! She ……………… insult her cooking in front of everyone at the party last night. She ……………… have just said she was full or had some salad if she didn't like the meal. 16. Do you ……………… chew with your mouth open like that? Geez, it's making me sick watching you eat that piece of pizza. 17. Mrs. Scarlett's body was found in the lounge just moments ago, and it's still warm! Nobody has left the mansion this evening, so the killer ……………… be someone in this room. It ……………… be any one of us!!! 70

18. A: I don't know why Denise starting crying when I mentioned the wedding. B: It ……………… have been what you said about her brother. Or, perhaps she is just nervous. After all, the big day is tomorrow. 19. Do you always ……………… say the first thing that pops into your head? ……………… you think once in awhile before you speak? 20. I was reading the book last night before I went to bed. I never took it out of this room. It ……………… be lying around here somewhere. Where ……………… it be? Modals 2 must, have to 1. I ……………… be at the meeting by 10:00. I will probably ……………… take a taxi if I want to be on time. 2. You ………………submit the application if it has not been completely filled out. Check that the name, address, and background information are correct. If the form is not accurate and complete, you will be rejected and you will ……………… reapply at a later date. 3. A: Look at these flowers - they're beautiful! But, there's no card. Who could have sent them? B: It ……………… have been David. He's the only one who would send you flowers. 4. You ……………… forget to pay the rent tomorrow. The landlord is very strict about paying on time. 5. If you are over 18 in California, you ……………… take a driver training course to get a driver's license. You can have a friend or a family member teach you instead. But remember, you still ……………… get your permit before you start practicing. 6. If you are over 18 in California, you don't have to take a driver training course to get a driver's license. You can have a friend or a family member teach you instead. But remember, you ……………… still get your permit before you start practicing. 7. You ……………… be rich to be a success. Some of the most successful people I know haven't got a penny to their name. 8. A: My car broke down in Death Valley last week. I ……………… have it towed more than a hundred miles to the nearest mechanic. B: That ……………… have cost a fortune! 9. While hiking in Alaska, you …………… keep an eye out for bears. If you see one, you ……………… approach it. They are beautiful 70

animals; however, they are wild and unpredictable in nature. You …………… be afraid of them, but educating yourself about the dangers can help keep you safe. 10.I ……………… go to work tomorrow because it is Memorial Day. The best thing about a day off from work is that I ……………… get up at 6:00; I can sleep in till noon if I want to. 11. Yesterday, I ……………… cram all day for my French final. I didn't get to sleep until after midnight. 12. A: Oh no! I completely forgot we were supposed to pick Jenny up at the airport? B: She ……………… still be sitting there waiting for us. 13. Ingrid received a scholarship to Yale University which will cover 100% of the tuition. She ……………… worry at all about the increasing cost of education. 14. When I was a child my grandmother was continually correcting our manners. She always used to say, "One ……………… eat with one's mouth open." Or, she would correct us by saying, "One ……………… rest one's elbows on the table." And every time I wanted to leave the table, she would say, "One ……………… ask to be excused." 15. I've redone this math problem at least twenty times, but my answer is wrong according to the answer key. The answer in the book ……………… be wrong! forget to pay the rent tomorrow. The landlord is very strict about paying on time. Modals 3 might, should, must 1. Nancy said you didn't need to buy her anything for her birthday, but I really think you ……………… at least get her some flowers or a nice bottle of wine. 2. Debbie said she was really busy this week, but I think she ……………… show up at the party if she doesn’t have to work overtime on Friday. 3. Nina said she would come over right after work, so she ……………… be here by 6:00. 4. Oh my God, he's unconscious. Don't move him - he ……………… have internal injuries. Somebody call an ambulance. 5. You ……………… be kidding! That can't be true. 6. A: Where's the remote control? I want to change the channel. B: I don't know. It ……………… be under the couch. Or, perhaps I absent-mindedly took it into the kitchen. I'll check in there. 70

7. For most people, learning a language is a challenging undertaking. Experts agree that to make the most of your language learning experience, you ……………… practice the language regularly and push yourself to maintain old vocabulary while acquiring new words and expressions. 8. New research suggests that exercise can reduce the chance of heart disease as well as cancer. That's why I told my father that he ……………… start walking once a day. 9. We should invite Sally and her husband to come to the picnic on Saturday. We haven't seen them in weeks, and they ……………… really enjoy a nice day at the beach. 10 A: While I was a student, I spent a year and a half studying pygmy culture in the Central African Republic. My research focused on unique aspects of the their social structure and religion. B: That ……………… have been absolutely fascinating! 11.We had better call Tony to see if he's at home before we go over to his house. He ……………… be there and we don't want to drive all the way over there for nothing. 12.At first, my boss didn't want to hire Sam. But, because I had previously worked with Sam, I told my boss that he ……………… take another look at his resume and reconsider him for the position. 13.You ……………… worry so much. It doesn't do you any good. Either you get the job, or you don't. If you don't, just apply for another one. Eventually, you will find work. 14.I would love to go on the cruise to Tahiti with Robin and Michelle. But such a luxurious trip ……………… cost a fortune. I doubt I could afford something like that. 15. The book recommends adding fresh soil and using plant food to make your garden flowers grow. Since some people might be allergic to chemicals in artificial plant foods, the book says that you ……………… use an organic brand to avoid skin irritations. Now redo the exercise above using the modals in the box below. Some of the sentences cannot be completed using the modals below. Can you find them? could, ought to, have to Modals 4 couldn't, might not 1. Unfortunately, James and Michelle had already made plans, so they 70

……………… come with us to the exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art. 2. They have had several major snow storms in the mountains during the last month. We had better call the highway patrol to check road conditions. The road to Smithsville ……………… be passable. 3. We should call Tim before we go over to his house; he ……………… be there. I don't want to drive all the way there for nothing. 4. In order to win the pie eating contest, Norman would have to eat sixteen pies in ten minutes. He ……………… possibly eat that many pies - he would explode! 5. I know Eve wants to go to the ballet with us , but we'd better call her before we get her ticket. She works Wednesday nights, and she ……………… be able to get time off that evening. 6. Susan ……………… hear the speaker because the crowd was cheering so loudly. 7. It ……………… be a bad idea to take some snacks along while we're hiking. Last time, we got so hungry we had to come back early without finishing the hike. 1. Jerry might be angry, or he ……………… . You never really know with him because he’s so temperamental. 9. Jerry ……………… be angry at me. I've never done anything to upset him. 10. The lamp ……………… be broken. Maybe the light bulb just burned out. 11. When you were a child, you could swim from here to the little island in the middle of the river, ……………… you. At least, that's what your father told me. 12. She possibly be the winner of the talent show! The other acts were much better than her's. 13. Frank and Sarah ……………… get tickets to the concert. The concert was sold out a little over an hour after tickets went on sale. 14. I heard that band is really popular, and tickets sell out quickly. You ……………… get tickets if you wait too long. 15. That concert has been sold out for weeks. You ……………… get tickets even if you knew the band personally. It's impossible! 16. It ……………… be a bad idea to get a car alarm for your new sports car. New cars tend to attract thieves. 17. That ……………… possibly be Mr. Jones. He's lost so much weight that he looks like a completely different person. 18. You ……………… do the job if you didn't speak Arabic fluently. 70

19. Jane and Bill ……………… have gotten the invitation to the party. Perhaps, that's why they didn't show up. I doubt they would actually skip your birthday party - they're your best friends! 20. I ……………… have left my keys at Simon's house. I wouldn't have been able to drive home if I had done that. They must be somewhere here in the apartment. Let's keep looking Modals 5 may, had, better, have got to, shall 1. I know it's rather rude, but ……………… I ask you where you purchased that pocket watch? I have been looking for one like that for my father. 2. You ……………… look good for your interview if you want to get the sales job. You ……………… wear the white shirt and the maroon tie. I think that'll look really professional. 3. I ……………… be at work tomorrow by 7:00. I ……………… give a marketing presentation to one of our clients. 4. It's pretty hot in the desert at this time of year. If we are going to do some hiking, we ……………… take at least two or three quarts of water with us. Actually, it ……………… be hotter than we expect out there maybe we should take a gallon or more. 5. You ……………… leave the table once you have finished your meal and politely excused yourself. 6. I can't stand these people - I ……………… get out of here. I'm going to take off for awhile while you get rid of them. When I get back, they ……………… be gone. 7. I try a little of your Black Forest cake? I looks absolutely delicious - I ……………… taste it! 8. You ……………… take along some cash. The restaurant ……………… not accept credit cards. 9. You ……………… take along some cash. The restaurant doesn't accept credit cards. 10. ……………… we move into the living room? It's more comfortable in there and there's a beautiful view of the lake. 11. I'm not really sure if Susan is going to go snow boarding with us or not. She ……………… decide to stay here and study for her Japanese final. She ……………… get a good score on the test if she wants to qualify to study abroad in Tokyo next semester. 12. ……………… I have a look at that necklace there in the display case. It's exactly what I've been looking for. 70

13. We ……………… no longer suffer the injustice of oppression. We ……………… never give up the struggle for freedom! 14. You ……………… be joking! If you think I'm going to give you a tip after you mixed up the meal orders, spilled wine on me and insulted my wife, you ……………… get your head examined!!! 15. Ian, Evelyn and Deborah will be attending the conference. I ……………… be attending as well. Modals 6 would, could, should, might 1. Donna: If I won the ten million dollar lottery jackpot, I ……………… afford to quit my job and travel the world. Sam: Where ……………… you go if you had that much money? Donna: I don't know, I ……………… choose to spend a year in Paris or perhaps I ……………… go to Kenya. Sam: How often do you buy lottery tickets? Donna: Never... I guess if I want to win the lottery, I ……………… try buying some tickets. Sam: That ……………… help. 2. Waitress: Hi, my name is Sandy - I'll be your waitress tonight. What can I get for you? Tony: I haven't decided yet. Is there anything you ……………… recommend? Is there anything you think I ……………… try? Waitress: You ……………… try the Cajun catfish - or perhaps the Gumbo. They're both delicious. Tony: That sounds wonderful, but that ……………… be a little too spicy for me. Actually, the prawns sound good. ……………… I have the barbecued prawns? Waitress: Sure, ……………… you like a salad with that? 3. Jan: What ……………… we look for in a candidate when we vote in a presidential election? Peter: I think citizens ……………… vote for a President who has the ability to improve the quality of life in the United States. Jan: What ……………… you do if you were President of the United States? Peter: I ……………… focus on environmental pollution. Jan: Every candidate always says he's going to do that, but it's a really complicated problem - it's not one which is easily solved. What makes 70

you think you ……………… actually stop pollution? Modal 7 Choose the right variant a, b or c. 1. I'm not really sure where Beverly is. She ……………… in the living room, or perhaps she's in the backyard. a. might sit b. might be sitting c. might have sat 2. Doug ……………… the video we rented on his way to work. It was on the table, but now it's gone. a. must have returned b. must not have returned c. must return 3. You ……………… the air pressure in your tires. You don't want to get a flat tire on your trip. a. ought to be checking b. ought to check c. ought to checked 4. The computer isn't working. It ……………… during production. a. can be damaged b. should have been damaged c. must have been damaged 5. The package ……………… tomorrow afternoon. It was sent by express mail this morning. a. should be delivered b. should have been delivered c. should be delivering 6. You ……………… the tickets for the play in advance - they sell out quickly. a. have to book b. has to book c. have to be booked 7. You can't mean that! You ……………… . a. must joke b. have to have joked c. have got to be joking 8. If Debbie hasn't come home yet, she ……………… for us in the coffee shop. a. must still wait b. must still be waiting c. must still have waited 9. Mike decided not to join us for lunch. He ……………… at work to finish the marketing report. a. should have been staying b. had to stay c. should have stayed 10. If I had gone with my friends to Jamaica, I ……………… on a white sand beach right now. 70

a. would be lying b. would lie c. would have lain 11. If I had gone with my friends to Jamaica, I ……………… come to work this week. a. would not must b. would have had to c. would not have had to 12. If I had gone with my friends to Jamaica, I ……………… scuba diving lessons. a. might be taken b. ought to be taking c. could have taken 13. Margaret agreed to meet us at the entrance to the theater. She ……………… for us when we get there. a. ought to be waiting b. ought to wait c. ought to have waited 14. It ……………… Sam who called and didn't leave a message on the answering machine. He said he wanted to get together with us this weekend. a. ought to be b. might have been c. should have been 15. The machine ……………… on by flipping this switch. a. can turn b. can be turned c. can be turning 16. She ……………… That could have been why her eyes were so red and swollen. a. has to be crying b. could be crying c. might have been crying 17. If she was crying, she ……………… very upset. a. must have been b. shall be c. would have been 18. That painting ……………… by Picasso. It could be a forgery. a. might be painting b. might not paint c. might not have been painted 19. Your diving equipment ……………… regularly if you want to keep it in good condition. a. must be cleaned b. must have been cleaned c. must have been being cleaned 20. If I hadn't taken a taxi, I ……………… for you at the train station for hours. a. might have been waiting b. ought to have been waiting c. had to have waited.

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Modal Final Test Modals and Related Expressions 1. Ted's flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He ……………… be exhausted after such a long flight. a. must b. can c. had better 2. The book is optional. My professor said we could read it if we needed extra credit. But we ……………… read it if we don't want to. a. cannot b. must not c. don't have to 3. Susan ……………… hear the speaker because the crowd was cheering so loudly. a. couldn't b. can't c. might not 4. The television isn't working. It ……………… damaged during the move. a. must have been. b. must c. must be 5. A: ……………… hold your breath for more than a minute? B: No, I can't. a. Are you able to b. Might you c. Can you 6. You ……………… be rich to be a success. Some of the most successful people I know haven't got a penny to their name. a. can't b. don't have to c. shouldn't 7. I've redone this math problem at least twenty times, but my answer is wrong according to the answer key. The answer in the book ……………… be wrong! a. have to b. must c. should 8. You ……………… do the job if you didn't speak Japanese fluently. a. can't b. won't be able to c. couldn't 9. You ……………… worry so much. It doesn't do you any good. Either you get the job, or you don't. If you don't, just apply for another one. Eventually, you will find work. a. shouldn't b. don't have to c. can't 10. 70

You

………………

be

kidding!

That

can't

be

true.

a. should b. have to c. ought to 11. You ……………… leave the table once you have finished your meal and politely excused yourself. a. would b. might c. may 12. Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It ……………… a fortune. a. must cost b. must be costing c. must have cost 13. ……………… we move into the living room? It's more comfortable in there and there's a beautiful view of the lake. a. Shall b. Must c. Will 14. If I had gone white water rafting with my friends, I ……………… down the Colorado River right now. a. would have float b. would be floating c. would float 15. At first, my boss didn't want to hire Sam. But, because I had previously worked with Sam, I told my boss that he ……………… take another look at his resume and reconsider him for the position. a. must

b. ought to

c. has to

16. You ……………… take along some cash. The restaurant may not accept credit cards. a. had better b. has to c. can 17. The machine a. may turn

……………… on by flipping this switch. b. could be turning

c. can be turned

18. I can't stand these people - I ……………… get out of here. I'm going to take off for awhile while you get rid of them. a. might b. have got to c. had better 19. You ……………… forget to pay the rent tomorrow. The landlord is very strict about paying on time. a. mustn't b. don't have to c. couldn't 20. Do you always have to say the first thing that pops into your head. ……………… you think once in a while before you speak? 70

a. Can not b. Can't c. Don't can 21. Terry and Frank said they would come over right after work, so they ……………… be here by 6:00. a. have to b. can c. should 22. Yesterday, I ……………… cram all day for my French final. I didn't get to sleep until after midnight. a. had to b. should c. must 23. We ……………… no longer suffer the injustice of oppression! Freedom shall be ours! a. would b. might c. shall

24. If I had gone to the University of Miami, I ……………… participated in their Spanish immersion program. a. could b. could have c. could be 25. The lamp ……………… be broken. Maybe the light bulb just burned out. a. might not b. must not c. could not THE NOUN Formation of Nouns 1. Form derivative nouns from different parts of speech. Where possible use more than one suffix or prefix. to annoy, to enjoy, to entertain, to employ, to dream, to visit, to buy, to invent, to type, to interpret, to support, to manage; brother, neighbour; mad, dark, lion, useless; popular, secure, happy, cold, clever, to oppress; science, material; beautiful, cruel, generous; understanding, honesty, difference, dependence, connection, importance. 2. Form compound nouns from two or more stems. tea, a pot; a man, craft; sun, glasses; a week, an end; milk, a man; read, a hall, a chair, a man; a horse, work. 3. Supply the best word or words. 1. The person in charge of a business is informally known as the ….. a) chief b) chef c) boss 70

2. The person who is in charge of a car is the …. . a) guide b) leader c) motorist d) driver e) conductor 3. A person who prepares food is a …. . a) cook b) cooker 4. A person who works in an office is an …. . a) officer b) office worker 5. A person who takes photographs is a …. . a) photograph b) photographer c) photography 6. A person who knows how to use a keyboard is a …. . a) typewriter b) typist c) typing machine writer 7. A woman who looks after other people’s children is a …. . a) nanny b) nurse 8. The person you work with is your …. . a) College b) colleague c) collaborator 9. The person who is in charge of a restaurant is the …. . a) patron b) manager 10. A person who studies the origins of the universe is a …. . a) physician b) physicist c) physics 11. Another word for ‘a doctor’ is a …. . a) physician b) physicist c) medicine 12. The person who teaches you or taught you at school is a …. . a) teacher b) professor 13. The person who would service your car is a …. . a) mechanic b) engineer c) technician 4. Translate the sentences using compound nouns for the italicized words 1. Сколько времени уходит у вас на подготовку домашнего задания? 2. В какой аудитории вы обычно занимаетесь? 3. Часто ли вы ходите в читальный зал? 4. Вы обычно обедаете в столовой или берете с собой завтрак? 5. Какие газеты вы читаете каждый день? 6. Где вы обычно проводите субботу и воскресенье? 7. Это ручная работа? 8. У него завтра день рождения. 9. Домашние обязанности иногда бывают очень утомительны. 10.Не стоит поднимать такой шум из-за того, что твой проигрыватель сломался.

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Classification of Nouns The Category of Number 1. Form the plural if possible Physics, swine, linen, safe, hero, sheaf, basis, match, news, box, phenomenon, car, bath, formula, bridge, mother-in-law, woman-driver, measles, trousers, knowledge, deer, pen, worker, salmon, stimulus, wife, scarf, louse, ship, leaf, wharf, scissors, mumps, darts, roof, belief, thief, potato, video, Mary, zero, cactus, crisis, index, half, Eskimo, VIP, finger tip. 2. Choose the correct form of the verb, singular or plural. 1. The trousers you bought for me doesn’t/don’t fit me. 2. I’m going to take a taxi. Six miles is/are too far for me to walk. 3. Does/do the police know about the stolen money? 4. No news is/are good news. 5. Both the book and the notebook is/are on the table. 6. Measles is/are very dangerous in children. 7. Phonetics is/are a branch of general linguistics. 8. His phonetics is/are rather weak. 9. A pair of gloves was/were found at the scene of the crime. 10. All my belongings are/is in this bag. 11. Hundreds of people are/is going to the demonstration. 12. Our journey from London to Istanbul by train was/were very interesting. 3. Write a new sentence according to the model. Examples: Our holiday lasted three weeks. It was a three-week holiday. The girls were 14 years old. They were 14-year-old girls. The woman was 27. She was a… The flight lasted three hours. It was a… The strike lasted four days. It was a… The book has 200 pages. It is a… The bottle holds two litres. It is… Each of the tickets costs ten pounds. They were… We walked for five minutes. It was… This bag of potatoes weighs five kilos. It is… The building has ten storeys (=floors). It is… The boys were ten years old. They were… 4.Which of the underlined parts of these sentences is right? Margaret has got very long black hair/hairs. We had a very good weather/very good weather when we were on 70

holiday. Sorry I’m late. I had trouble/troubles with the car this morning. I want something to read. I’m going to buy a/some paper. I want to write some letters. I need a/some writing paper. It’s very difficult to find a work/job at the moment. Bad news don’t/doesn’t make people happy. Our travel/journey from London to Istanbul by train was very interesting. The flat is empty. We haven’t got any furnitures/furniture yet. When the fire alarm rang, there was a complete chaos/complete chaos. I had to buy a/some bread because I wanted to make some sandwiches. 5.Translate the sentences. 1. Он дал мне хороший совет. 2. Все сведения были очень важные. 3. Ваших знаний недостаточно, чтобы сдать экзамен. 4. Сани стоят у ворот. 5. Ваши часы спешат. 6. В аквариуме пять рыбок. Одна рыбка золотая. 7. Ваши советы мне очень помогли. 8. Ваши деньги на столе. Возьмите их. 9. Картофель очень хороший в этом году. 10.Его одежда совсем новая. 11.Там было очень мало людей. 12.Морковь очень дешевая осенью. 13.Содержание его письма было совсем неожиданным. 14.Франция славится своими винами.15. Его заработная плата очень высокая. 6. Put the nouns into the plural. A scarf, a match, a glass of wine, a negro, a photo, a key, a party, a play, a sheep, a mouse, a chief, a piece of advice. 7. Write in letters: January 3, 1985 0.125 3,230,010 1/9 1.3 4,000 people 3/4 1 082 900th Countable/Uncountable 1. Write the countable and uncountable nouns into two different columns. Picture, health, glass, work, progress, book, change (сдача), friend, traffic, gold, excitement, idea, hero, assistance, darkness, meat, ship, deer, furniture, butter, iron, trouble, wife, chaos, joy, news, photo, scenery, premises, mouse, information, lightning, advice, jewellery, 70

accommodation, hair, experience, permission, paper, travel, damage, tea, music, hatred, snow, dog, weather, tobacco, copper, instrument, armchair, shop, idea, assistant, admiration, applause, job, luck, nature. 2. Write whether the nouns in italic type denote countable or uncountable objects. I bought an electric cooker. She has blonde hair. There’s a hair in my soup. Add a little more salt. Too much cake isn’t good for you. Would you like an ice? I eat two eggs daily. Can I have a cake, Mum? Do you like ice cream? It’s made of iron. Hope keeps me going. Be careful, there’s broken glass on the road. Don’t throw stones. They are now serving bad teas in the club. Sugar dissolves in water. I need two clean glasses. Did you buy a paper yesterday? Trade with Germany has increased. I bought an excellent iron. Your assistance has been of great help for me. He saw a light in one window on the ground floor. “Will you do me a favour?” – “With pleasure”. Health is a priceless possession. The children stood on the bank throwing stones into the river. When I think of this my heart turns to stone. I prefer fish for supper. While having a rest I was sitting in the comfortable chair watching the red, blue and black fishes swimming in my aquarium. My family is in the country now. It was eleven o’clock before the family were all at home. 3. Translate the sentences. Мне нужна кое-какая информация. В дерево ударила молния. Тост есть для меня? Какая сегодня погода? Можно мне немножко воды? 70

мне нужна новая одежда. Я сделала домашнее задание. Я только что получил письмо от Джона. Джон свалился с гриппом. У тебя есть успехи в китайском языке? У меня есть разрешение припарковаться здесь. В нашем саду много мусора. Я собираюсь посадить дерево. В больнице забастовка. Я хочу совершить путешествие по Нилу. 4. Translate the sentences into Russian paying special attention to the noun ‘things’. It was likely that things were in better shape now. Things had started to go wrong from the moment Monty arrived here. “Things have taken an odd turn, haven’t they?”, he remarked in a meditative tone. How are things generally, Ann? When things look bad, she sends a present for me. He said he had an opportunity to think things over. He resolved to go into the matter more deeply when things became more settled. However, things seemed to be going from bad to worse. The Category of Case 1. Join two nouns using apostrophe (’) or … of … . 1. The camera/Bill; 2. the top/the page; 3. the daughter/Charles; 4. the newspaper/today; 5. the name/this street; 60 the toys/the children; 7. the house/my aunt and uncle; 8. the new headmaster/the school; 9. the birthday/my father; 10. the new manager/the company; 11. the economic policy/the government; 12. the garden/ our neighbours; 13. the pages/the book; 14. the boys/the clothes; 15. the surface/the Earth; 16. the top/the box; 17. a journey/two days. 2. Write a new sentence using ’s with the underlined words. 1. The meeting tomorrow has been cancelled. 2. The storm last week caused a lot of damage. 3. The only cinema in the town has been closed down. 4. Exports from Britain to the USA have fallen recently. 5. There will be a big crowd at the football match this evening. 6. Tourism is the main industry in the region. 7. He is the son of Mr. Right. 8. I spoke to the manager of the company. 70

9. I always buy newspapers in the evening. I like to read them. 10.The theatres in Moscow are the best in the world. 11.I had dinner in the house of my friend. 12.That is the sister of my husband. 3. Write a new sentence according to the model. Example: The girls were 14 years old. They were 14-year-old girls. 1. The woman was 27. She was a… 2. The flight lasted three hours. It was a… 3. The strike lasted four days. It was a… 4. The book has 200 pages. It is a… 5. The bottle holds two litres. It is… 6. The boys were ten years old. They were … 7. The television series has ten parts. It is … 8. Each of the tickets costs ten pounds. They were… 9. We walked for five minutes. It was… 10.This bag of potatoes weighs five kilos. It is… 11.The building has ten stories (=floors). It is… 4. Translate the sentences Отсутствие новостей уже хорошая новость. Команда прекратила погрузку, и все собрались на палубе. В письме важная информация. Парочка людей шла по парку. Его ищет полиция. Мне нравится квартира Мэри. Вчера нас навестили дети наших друзей. Я помню имя сестры моего мужа. Вам нравится новая книга этого писателя? Где ключ от машины? Он сломал кончик пера. Вы выучили слова десятого урока? Поверхность дороги была скользкой. Я не знаю результат вчерашнего матча. THE ARTICLE Use articles, where necessary: 1. … girl from ... farm came once... week to help clean ... house. 2. He sat down at ... piano and played ... piece that he had played in ... morning. 3. ... car drove up to ... front of ... movie theatre. They got out, ... Jack looked up at poster in ... front of ... theatre. … poster advertised ... picture called "The Stolen Midnight11. 70

4. This is … story and not ... piece of … history. 5. But I won't have ... cup of ... tea. I'll have coffee. 6. It is ... funny thing, but very short. "They are. My boyfriend is ... leader of orchestra. 7. ... Hurry has been admitted to ... School of Medicine at ... Midwestern University. 8. ... Nel's grandmother is in ... hospital, so we went to visit her ... last night. 9. ... political science class is taking ... trip to ... CIS in spring. 10. ... scientists hope to send ... expedition to ... Mars during ... 1990s. 11. . . ._last night there was ... bird singing, outside my ... house. 12. ... Civil War was fought in ... United States between 1861 and 1865. 13. ... oranges are green until they are ripen. 14. ... Florid State University is smaller than ... University of ... Florida. 15. . ._. chair that you are sitting in is broken. 16. ... Queen Elizabeth II is ... monarch of … Great Britain. Translate. 1. Он всегда говорит правду. 2.В последнее время она простудилась и ей придется соблюдать постельный режим пару дней. 3. Жаль, что вы не были на концерте на прошлой неделе. 4. На днях я повстречал его на вечеринке. 5. Давай как-нибудь встретимся на днях. 6. У него очень трудный текст, но он даже не потрудился взять словарь. 7.Вы можете идти домой, вы не нужны нам в настоящее время. 8.Он работал в своем маленьком саду с утра до вечера. 9. Его сестра сама ведет хозяйство. 10.Его кошка, Сноубол по имени, играла тогда на ковре. 11. Мистер Микобер был всегда в долгах. 12.Дети проводили большую часть времени вне дома. II. Insert articles where necessary. Give your explanations in brackets: 1. Look, there is ... glass on the floor. I think some naughty boys have broken ... glass in ... window with ... stone. 2. ... autumn is ... rainy season and ... weather is mostly dull. But there may be ... couple of... fine days in ... September. 3. It's ... real pleasure to spend ... few weeks in ... South lying in ... sun and bathing in ... sea. ... water in ... Black Sea is so warm in ... summer. 4. The other day I was said that... Pavlovs had been given ... new flat and they lived in ... Yakub Kolas street then. 70

5. Where are ... other students? - They have gone to ... assembly-hall. ... film about ... our university is being shown there. 6.1 feel tired. I think I’d better go to ... bed. 7.I have ... breakfast and ... dinner at home. 8. "What you need is ... fresh air", ... doctor said. 9. What exactly do you do as ... civil engineer? - Well, I design ... roads and ... bridges for ... city. 11.Could you give me ... piece of... advice? Articles Supply the required articles for countable nouns in the following text. The teacher rode to … place where small brook crossed … road. … few logs, laid side by side, formed … bridge over … brook. This had always been considered … haunted place, and as he approached it, his heart began to beat fast. He gave his horse … kick; … animal rushed forward but stopped just by … bridge so suddenly that he nearly flew over … horse’s head. On … edge of … brook stood something big and black. It did not move. The hair of … frightened teacher rose upon his head with terror. It was too late to turn back. Therefore he asked in … trembling voice: “Who are you?” He received no answer. Just then … thing began to move, and stood in … middle of … road. Though the night was dark, … teacher could see … gigantic horseman mounted on … huge black horse. He became horror-struck. But the horror grew still worse when he saw that … head which should have been on … horseman’s shoulders, was carried before him. … teacher kicked his horse and went away, … figure following. He looked behind him. He saw … figure raise … head and hurl it at him. He tried to get out of its way, but it was too late. It struck his head … terrible blow – he fell into dust, and his horse, … black horse and … headless rider passed by like … whirlwind. When a little later … teacher came to, he found … hollow pumpkin by his side. … story that impressed me concerned … old Indian who kept … snake in … box. It was … hooded cobra, and … box had … thick glass lid. Whenever there were … new arrivals in … barracks he always made … same bet with them – to double their money if they could keep … hand on … glass for fifteen seconds. It seemed … easy bet; … glass was too thick to break. But as soon as … snake struck at … glass, no one could control … impulse to snatch … hand away. In this way, … old man made … great deal of money from … new arrivals. One day, … soldier with … wooden hand asked if he could be allowed to wear … glove while he laid his hand on … box. … old Indian agreed; he was aware that … glove makes no difference to … reflex of self-defense. … soldier laid … high 70

stake. Everyone in … barracks gathered round, hoping to see … old man beaten at last. They were not disappointed; … soldier kept his gloved hand … box while … cobra struck again and again. … old man suspected trickery and demanded to see … hand, but … crowd of … British soldiers felt he had been fairly beaten, and forced him to pay up. We drank tea, then we all went out for … walk before it grew dark. … children were gathering … chestnuts in … woods, and … others were playing with … kites in … meadow on … edge of … wood. Some of … best chestnuts were on … highest branches, and they were throwing … sticks to try to knock them down. Monty saw … opportunity to display his athleticism; … lower part of … trunk was too smooth to climb, but he asked me to bend down so that he could stand on my shoulders. Then he leapt on to … low branch, and swarmed up to … top. … boys cheered as he broke off … branch and threw it down. Then Monty dropped down and slipped into his overcoat, and walked on. We stopped on … outskirts of … wood above … village, looked at … view for … few minutes, and then turned to walk back. At that moment … boy came running up to us: “Mister, can you help us to get … kite down? It’s struck in … tree.” We followed … boy back into … wood. When we saw … tree we felt doubtful; it was … very tall elm, and there were … thorn bushes round its base that made it almost unapproachable. … two more trees grew nearby whose branches touched it, but … branches looked very thin. … owner of … kite had already climbed one of … smaller trees and was trying to reach … kite by throwing … stave cut from … hedge. … king was … very learned person. Yet, when he saw me walk on … two legs he thought I was … kind of mechanism made by some clever artist. But when he heard my voice, and found that I could speak like … person he was greatly astonished. He was not satisfied with … story I told him of … manner in which I had come into his kingdom. He thought that … girl who found me and her father had taught me those words in order to sell me at … better price. He sent for … three great scholars who were then in … country. … gentlemen, after they had examined me carefully, were of … different opinions about me. However, after much argument, they agreed that I was … only freak of nature. I was so small that I could not defend myself against … other animals, nor climb … trees, not dig … holes in … earth to hide myself in. I was not … dwarf, for … queen’s dwarf, … smallest person ever known in … kingdom, was nearly 30 feet high. They did not know what I was. Therefore I was … freak of nature. Such … conclusion would have satisfied … philosophers of Europe who reason in … same 70

way. After they had told me about their conclusion, I begged for permission to say … word or two. I told … king that I came from … country where there lived … people of my size. … animals, … trees and houses were all in proportion. Therefore in my country I might be able to defend myself, and get food for myself. To this they only answered with … smile of contempt. 2. Supply the required articles for common nouns in their various uses in the following texts: Although it was … early afternoon all … lights in … restaurant were on. … plane from New York had been delayed. … usual gloom of … airport was intensified by … weather. In … corner of … restaurant, … man and … woman waited, drinking … coffee, watching … two small children, … boy and … girl who were plastered against … big window that overlooked … field. … woman was in her early thirties, with … pretty figure pleasantly displayed by … modest grey suit. She had … short black hair swept back in … latest fashion, and her large grey eyes were cleverly accented by … make up. I did not feel too good. I had … headache and … sore throat, and I went to … bed at eight o’clock with some lemon and honey. When I woke up in … morning I was so full of … cold that I could hardly breathe. I got up and took my temperature, and upon finding it was … hundred point four. I went straight to … bed again. … Father wanted to send for … doctor, and I said I did not want … doctor. I slept most of … day. At … teatime … Father came up to see me. He was carrying … huge parcel. He put it down on … bed. I started to undo … brown wrappings. It was … enormous doll. It had … real hair and several complete changes of … clothes, with … hats and … gloves and … shoes and … socks and … parasol. I was overcome. I stared … bright cheeks and … black curls and … blue china rolling eyes and … long lashes. “I think it’s lovely,” I said. … moment I flung open … door, I smelt … strong smell of gas. I flew up … stairs and into … kitchen. … air was thick with it, and I could tell from … noise that … oven was on, unlit. I switched it off, pulled open … window and retreated. … whole house stank. … sitting-room light was on. So I went in and found David sitting on … sofa reading … magazine. “What do you think you are doing?” I yelled. “… whole place is full of … gas. Can’t you smell it?” “Gas?” he asked. “Is it really? I thought there was … funny smell when I came in. and I have got … headache, come to think of it.” 70

“You’re lucky you’re not dead,” I said and went out into … corridor. 3. Choose the best variant 1. “I shan’t have … fish,” said Robin. a) a b) the c) – 2. Her room smelled of … soot and … face powder. a) the b) a c) – 3. … mud was drying rapidly, but … car was still stuck. a) a b) – c) the a) the b) a c) – 4. James asked for … water and drank it thirstily. a) a b) the c) – 5. On the travel he drank … tea, but in the cabin it was … thick coffee with … sugar and … tinned milk. a) a b) – c) the a) – b) the c) a a) a b) – c) the a) a b) the c) – 6. They found plenty of … signs of …deer in … snow. a) the b) a c) – a) – b) the c) a a) a b) – c) the 7. Everyone hates to go out in … rainy weather. a) a b) the c) – 8. … weather was so warm that we decided to go swimming. a) the b) a c) – 9. … work gave him … increasing pleasure. a) a b) – c) the a) – b) the c)a 10. They were buying … new furniture. a) a b) the c) – 11. Monty and I drank … beer. a) the b) – c) a 12. It was nearly … midnight, and Margaret rose to go. a) a b) the c) – 13. It was … grey, cold day. By … nightfall, it would rain. a) a b) – c) the a) the b)a c) – 14. … machinery bores me. a) a b) the c) – 15. … lead salts are more soluble in … cold water than hot. a) – b) the c) a 70

a) the b) a c) – 16. But John treated me like … precious china. a) a b) – c) the 17. That morning … nature was at its loveliest. a) – b) a c) the 18. We were having … spring weather when it began to freeze again. a) – b) the c) a 19. His face had …calmness that was new to her. a) – b) a c) the 20. … hospitality was a passion with him. a) the b) a c) – 21. When I heard … news I felt … perfect relief. a) a b) – c) the a) – b) a c) the 4. Insert articles where necessary. I . I shall do it with ... pleasure. 2. They were talking in ... low voices. 3. I was trembling like ... leaf. 4. She asked for ... glass of water. 5. ... sky was covered with ... clouds. 4. Correct the mistakes if any. 1. Several other men dropped in, and an air was soon thick with a tobacco smoke. 2. “Would you like to have hot chocolate?” Mrs. Page asked. 3. When the soup was finished Bertha turned round to the fire. 4. It was almost a noon. 5. I sat all night reading. 6. She went to Scotland for a summer. 7. He was a son of a distinguished soldier. 8. She had attached herself to youth and hope and seriousness and now they had failed her more than age and despair. 9. Instinctive kindness made him want to protect Gorin. 10.I was wrapped in security of childhood. 11.Rest of the meeting passed without interruption. 12.He nodded briefly without a comment. 13.They’ve taken to giving you extremely bad teas in the club. 14.A day was hot and muddy. 15.He ordered modest dinner. Insert articles where necessary: I ... France is in ... West o f … Europe. 2. ... lake Baikal is ... deepest lake in … Russian Federation. 3. ... Snowdon is one of... highest peaks in ... Great Britain. 4. ... letters he received yesterday are on ... table. 5. ... next 70

week we shall have ... classes in ... room 20. 6. After ... autumn comes ... winter. 7. There is ... blackboard in ... our classroom. There is ... piece o f . . . chalk on ... blackboard. You can see ... flowers on ... walls. 8. ... Petrovs are moving to ... Paris. THE PRONOUN 1. Write the appropriate form of possessive pronouns 1. Whose camera is this? Is it …? (you) 2. Excuse me, those are … seats. (we) 3. Is it … suitcase or …? (you/he) 4. They’re not … keys, they’re … . (I/she) 5. I don’t think it’s … room. I think it’s … .(you/they) 6. Have you met … mother? (they) 7. … house is smaller than … . (we/they) 8. Has the dog had … food? (it) 9. The cat wants … dinner. (it) 10.The decision is … . (they) 11.It isn’t … car, it’s … . (he/she) 12.… car wasn’t working, so I used … . (I/he) 13.The police asked me for … address. (I) 14.Have you got … pen, or would you like to borrow…? (you/I) 2. Correct the mistakes if any 1. She climbed out of the swimming pool and dried with a towel. 2. Everybody has read the notice, hasn’t he? 3. Where’s his pen? 4. There’s hardly some bread in the kitchen. 5. Is there a fridge in the kitchen? 6. We’ve got a problem. I hope you can help ourselves. 7. Have some tea! 8. Monica is really some actress. 9. A lot of the people know that smoking is harmful. 10. I have less lessons that you today. 11. How many of the milk have you used? – No one of it. 12. Take as much as you want. 13. I wasn’t very well yesterday but I feel myself mush better today. 14. Tom looked at me sad. 15. I tried to study but I just couldn’t concentrate myself. 16. “What in there in that box?” “Anything. It’s empty”. 3. Choose the right variant 1. I don’t know … about economics. a) nothing b) anything c) everything 70

2. Can I ask you … questions? a) any b) some c) no 3. The journey was a short one. It didn’t take … time. a) many b) much c) any 4. Both of these restaurants … very good. a) are not b) are c) is 5. I’ve been trying to phone her all day but … I phone her the line is engaged. a) every time b) all the time c) the whole day 6. I’ve spent … you gave me. a) all the money b) the whole money c) all money 7. It was a terrible fire. … was destroyed. a) whole building b) the whole building c) all building 8. I don’t like the weather here. It rains … . a) every time b) all the time c) the whole day 9. Such … as you want is very rarely seen. a) a one b) the one c) one 10. … day I made an epigram. I hope you’ll like it. a) another b) the other c) others 11. … of us is perfect; we all make mistakes. a) none b) no one c) nobody 12. Something went wrong, … ? a) don’t it b) didn’t they c) didn’t it 13. The best advice is … . a) yours b) your c) her 14.I prefer the Crimea to the Caucasus because of … drier climate. a) it’s b) its c) it 15. Has anyone left … luggage on the train? a) his b) her c) their 16. None … present at the meeting. a) is b) are not c) were 17. I’ve got … friends. a) a little b) a few c) much Classification of Pronouns III. Insert indefinite pronouns or adjectives: There are only (несколько) copybooks on the desk. 2. There was (мало) snow last winter. 3. There is (немного) milk in the bottle. Drink it. 4.I am glad you have (мало) mistakes in your spelling. 5. We have (мало) time left. 6. Have you (какие-нибудь) English books at home?7. There is (никого) in the room. 8. Do you know (много) English words? 9. Do you see (что-нибудь) on the wall? 10. Have you (какие-нибудь) brothers or sisters?11. Wait (немного). 70

THE ADJECTIVE 1.Form adjectives from the given words with the help of the suffixes: policy, economy, sun, wind, rain, hope, use, home, bore, frighten, interest, amuse, wool, wood, silk, gold, nature, fog, respect, depend, complicate, pleasure, courage, Germany, England, Sweden, Poland, Canada, Egypt, Europe, Scandinavia, Finland, India, noise, significance, beauty, possibility, truth, insist. 2. Form adjectives from the given ones with the help of the prefixes: happy, different, war, bearable, available, regular, mortal, literate, continuous, believable, honest, to live, national, capable, cooked, legal, complete, married, accurate. 3. a) Arrange the adjectives in the correct order before a noun blue – big eyes long – thick – blonde – lovely hair white – cotton – summer shorts for my holiday cottage stone—built – small – old – country young – tall man wooden – beautiful – large – round table antique – large – French armchair Chinese – handmade – old – wonderful – green carpet b) Translate the collocations putting the adjectives into a correct place: незабываемое двухдневное путешествие на лодке, необычное золотое колье ручной работы, интересное старое испанское полотно художника Пикассо, красивые темные густые длинные волосы, дорогой старый круглый дубовый стол ручной работы. 4. Use the required form of the adjective in the following sentences 1. He was the (amusing) lad you ever met. 2. He’s a far (intelligent) person that my brother. 3. She was the (practical) of the family. 4. When they told me I was cured and could go, I can tell you I was (afraid) that glad. 5. I wanted to ask you both what you thought of my (late) films if you saw them. 6. He is (talkative) than his sister. He won’t tire you so much. 7. He turned out to be (angry) than I had expected. 8. Today I’m no (wise) than yesterday. 9. This wine is the (good) i ever tasted. 10.Jack is the (clever) of the three brothers. 11.I don’t think it matters in the (little) which seat I choose. 70

12.He felt (bad) yesterday that the day before. 13.The (near) house is three miles away. 14.Of the two evils let us choose the (little). 15.He was the (late) man to come. 16.She waited until her silence became the (noticeable) thing in the room. 17.The (near) item on the program is a piano sonata. 18.He is the (tall) of the two. 19.She is (amusing) in a small company. 20.Uncle Nick was the (old) son of the family. 5. Translate the sentences 1. Это очень увлекательная книга. 2. Он ужаснулся их бедности. 3. Очертания их тел менялись с поражающей скоростью. 4. Они были поражены необычной красотой картины. 5. Мне скучно. 6. Какой скучный фильм! 7. Я обожаю ужасные истории. 8. Я интересуюсь современным искусством. 9. Он зло посмотрел на меня, когда я прервал его. 10. Он подозрительно понюхал суп, чтобы убедиться достаточно ли в нем соли. 11. Она побледнела. 12. Все волнения были позади. Он прибыл живым и здоровым. 13. Она была печальна; она печально посмотрела не меня. 14. Погода меняется к лучшему. 15. Если он поможет нам, тем лучше. 16. Он становился все слабее и слабее. 17. Больной попросил воды. 18. Окно узкое, как дверь. 19. Комната хорошая, но все же не такая хорошая, как мне бы хотелось. 20. Шестерых из пострадавших было разрешено взять домой. 6. Form the degrees of comparison. little, wonderful, funny, good, bad, easy, cosy, dark, far, much Degrees of comparison of adjectives: 1.Form the comparative and superlative degrees of the adjectives: fresh, important, bad, nice, gay, hot, modern, warm, little, soft, difficult, light, active, high. 70

2. Translate: 1. Her son is bigger than my son. 2. His work is more difficult than their work. 3. The days are shorter in winter than in autumn. 4. Your dress is as beautiful as your sister's dress. 5. Better late than never. 6. Nick is not so tall as Sasha. 3. Open the brackets: 1. Mary is (old) than Kale. 2. Kate is (young) than Mary. 3. Pete is the (small) of the family. 4. Mike is not so (strong) as Yura. 5. Your dictation is (good) than Ms. 6. The Moscow Metro is the (beautiful) in the world. 4. Change the sentences according to the model: Nick is tall. And John? -John is taller than Nick. 1. Pete has a large flat. And his brother? 2. My sister is young. And Ann's sister? 3. Lesson 1 is easy. And lesson 2? 4. His book is interesting. And her sister's book? 5. She is a good dancer. And her sister? PREPOSITIONS Insert the proper prepositions where necessary: 1. I met Nell (in, during, on) my way home. She was waiting (to, for, -) her bus (on, at, in) the bus stop. 2. There was a nice chandelier (in, at, on) the ceiling. 3. We swam (in, on, at) the warm sea and sunbathed. 4. The address is written (on, in, at) the top left-hand corner of a letter. 5. He lives (in, at, on) the ground floor (of, in, at) a new modern building. (In, on, at) the back of the building there is a playground. 6. There is a standard-lamp (in, on, at) the corner of the room. 7. There is a grocery (in, on, at) the corner of this street. 8. The cinema is (in, on, at) your left and the bank is (in, on, at) your right. 9. Rostov is (in, at, on) the river Don. 10. (On, to, at) the right (from, of) the desk there is a shelf (in, on, at) the wall. 11. He has lived (on, at, in) the South (during, for, since) 10 years. 12. New York is situated (in, on, at) the east coast of the USA. 13. He saw a strange signature (on, at, in) the bottom of the page. 14. Please, leave the key (in, at, on) reception. 15. She is sitting (on, at, in) an armchair watching TV. 70

16. There was an accident (on, at, in) this crossroads (in, at, on) Saturday. 17. You can see a nice garden (on, in, at) this picture. 18. I’11 be away (to, until, by) Tuesday. 19. He’ll have translated the article (till, by, at) 5 o'clock. 20. The course finishes (at, on, in) the 8th (in, of, -) January (in, at, -) 1996. 21. (At, in, by) the time you receive this letter I’11 probably come back to Minsk. 22. When I go to the cinema I prefer to sit (on, at, in) the front. - Do you mean (on, in, at) the front row? - Sure. 23. My mother cooks meals (to, for) me. 24. They go to the pub (for, to, on) a drink or just go (for, to, on) a walk in the park. 25. Who looks (for, after, behind) your children when you are at work? Insert prepositions where necessary. 1. Our holidays begin . . . January 3 and end . . . February 1st. 2. He went to bed ... midnight and got up ... 5.30... the morning. 3. What did you do ... the week-end? 4. I'll finish the task ... a minute or two. 5. I'm going to the theatre ... Saturday night. 6. We'll have no lectures ... Friday, shall we? 7. She died very early, ... age ... 36. 8. Don't worry, I'll be back ... half an hour. 9. I met her ... last Monday. 10. He was asked a lot ... questions ... the meeting. 11. She has lived in our house ... 10 years. 12. What are you going to do ... the holidays? 13. Haven't seen you ... ages! 14. Are you going to the country ... the week-end? 15. We saw Peter ... (пока) we were waiting ... the bus. 16. I was ill and couldn't eat anything ... 3 days. 17. Bert entered ... the University ... 1993. 18. I'm constantly short ... time. - Instead ... watching TV do your homework and you'll feel better ... a week. 19. ... the end ... the lesson we were tired ... doing exercises. 20. I've stayed ... home .. . morning. 21. He is going ... Kiev ... business. 22. Go ...foot and you'11 be ... time. 23. He leaves ... home ... 7.30. 24. He plays ... football ... his free time. REVISION GRAMMAR TESTS GRAMMAR TEST (1-ый семестр). 1. Jane doesn’t enjoy her job. She’s-----because she does the same thing every day. A boring; B bored; 2. The woman was carrying a-----bag. A black small plastic; B small and black plastic; C small black plastic; D plastic small black; 3. Maria’s English is excellent. She speaks-----. A perfectly English; B English perfectly; C perfect English; D English perfect; 70

4. He-----to find a job but he had no luck. A tried hard; C tried hardly; D hardly tried; 5. I haven’t got-----on holiday at the moment. A money enough to go; B enough money to go; C money enough for going; D enough money for going; 6. The exam was quite easy-----we expected. A more easy that; B more easy then; C easier than; D easier as; 7. He is a fast runner. I can’t run as fast as-----. A he; B him; C he can; 8. The film was really boring. It was-----I’ve ever seen. A most boring film; B the most boring film; C the film more a boring; D the most boring film; 9. Let’s take a taxi. It’s-----to walk. A a quite long way; B quite a long way; C rather a long way; 10. The more electricity you use,-----. A your bill will be hire; B will be higher your bill; C the higher your bill will be; 11. The music sounds-----. A nice; B nicely; 12. The play ended-----. A bad; B badly; 13. This food smells-----. A bad; B badly; 14. Your cooking is-----. A well; B good; 15. You cook-----. A well; B good; 16. I’ve just shaved and my face feels-----. A smooth; B smoothly; 17. The conference lasts two days. It’s-----. A a two-day conference; B two-days conference; 18. It’s a note for fifty pounds. It’s-----. A a fifty-pounds note; B a fifty-pound note; 19. The tunnel is fifty kilometres. It’s-----. A a fifty-kilometre tunnel; B a fifty kilometres tunnel; 20. a cottage, stone-built (1), small (2), old (3), country (4) 21. a dining table, antique (1), beautiful (2), round (3), English (4). 22. We stayed at-----in the town. A a cheaper hotel; B cheapest hotel; C the cheapest hotel; 23. We had a great holiday. It was-----we’d ever had. 70

A enjoyable holiday; B the most enjoyable holiday; C a more enjoyable holiday; 24. It was a very old castle. It’s-----in Britain. A one of the oldest castles; B the older castle; C one of the oldest castle; 25. They haven’t lived here-----. A long as we lived; B as long as we have; C as long as us; 26. I don’t go out-----I used to. A so much than; B as much as; C more as; 27. He doesn’t know much. I know more-----. A as him; B than he does; C then him; 28. She is not a good player. I am-----. A a good player than she; B a better player than her; C the best player than she is; 29. I’m fed up with waiting. I’m not waiting-----. A long; B any sooner; C any longer; 30. I’m afraid the problem-----it seems. A much more complicated; B much more complicated then; C more complicated; Rewrite these sentences in the plural making necessary changes. 31. Which video do you like best? 32. A postman is busy all the time. 33. I can see a salmon in the water. 34. A Swiss is used to mountains. 35. This is Jon’s pet mouse. 36. This tooth is giving me trouble. 37. We’re going to sell that sheep. 38. The goods you ordered-----arrived. A has; B have; 39. Where-----the scissors?-----in the first drawer on the left. A is; B are; C they are; D it is; 40. The acoustics in this room-----very good. A is; B are; 41. Acoustics-----a subject I know little about. A are; B is; 42. How much-----a good pair of trousers cost these days? A does; B do; 43. How much did you pay for-----trousers?-----very expensive! A this; B these; C they were; D it is; 70

44. The police-----interested in this case. A is; B are; 45. My earnings-----not high. A is; B are; 46. I’d like-----information, please. A a; B -; C some; 47. I’m going to plant-----tree in the garden. A -; B a; C the; 48. There’s-----slice of toast left. A a; B -; C a lot of; 49. Can you give me-----description of it? A -; B a; C the; 50. I’m tired. I’ve just done-----shopping. A the; B -; C some; 51. What’s-----weather like today? A -; B the; C a; 52. Our teacher has given us-----homework. A a lot of; B a; C -; 53. Have you been to-----British Museum? A a; B -; C the; 54. John is a student at-----Liverpool University. A a; B -; C the; 55. There are millions of stars in-----space. A -; B a; C the; 56. France and Britain are separated by-----Channel. A a; B -; C the; 57. -----Chinese invented printing. A -; B the; C a; 58. -----computer has changed the way we live. A a; B -; C the; 59. -----young have the future in their hands. A -; B the; C a; 60. When was-----paper first made? A -; B the; C a; 61. All day the children were beside-----from excitement. A them; B themselves; 62. She was happiness-----. A itself; B herself; 63. Jim prides-----on his cooking. A him; B himself; 70

64. He amused-----. A me; B him; C himself; 65. She has to get up at six every day,-----? A hasn’t she; B doesn’t she; 66. He used to eat raw fish,-----? A doesn’t he; B used not he; C didn’t he; 67. Everybody realized the danger,-----? A doesn’t he; B don’t they; C didn’t they; 68. There’s-----in the clothes basket. It’s empty. A something; B nothing; C none; 69. I’ve prepared-----for dinner which you’ll like very much. A nothing; B anything; C something; 70. I’ve never met-----who is as obstinate as you are. A anyone; B nobody; C somebody; 71. Would you like-----to start with before you order the main course? A something; B nothing; C anything; 72. Is there-----here who can speak Japanese? A anyone; B somebody; C nobody; 73. I’ve tried phoning, but every time I phone there’s-----in. A anyone; B no one; C someone; 74. There aren’t-----dictionaries that can be compared with one. A much; B many; C few; 75. -----magazines carry advertisements. A Most; B Much; C Most of; 76. There has been-----change in the new edition. A not; B any; C no; 77. We’ve had-----trouble with this machine already. A hardly any; B a few; C enough; 78. There isn’t-----time to waste. A no; B any; C some; 79. -----is perfect; we all make mistakes. A some of us; B any of us; C none of us; 80. -----examples prove that I am right. A both; B neither; C either; 81. I must have my car -----. A servicing; B serviced; 82. The boxes -----yet. A will be packed; B haven’t been packed; 83. Jim is away on holiday. He … to Spain. A is gone; B has gone; C has been; 84. You are out of breath-----. -----? 70

A Are you running; B Have you run; C Have you been running; 85. -----tomorrow, so we can go out somewhere. A I’m not working; B I don’t work; C I won’t work; 86. Don’t worry-----late tonight. A if I am; B when I am; C when I’ll be; D if I’ll be; 87. We’re late. The film-----by the time we get to the cinema. A will already start; B will be already started; C will already have started; 88. They-----out after lunch and they’ve just come back. A went; B have gone; C are gone. CHECK UP YOUR GRAMMAR Write plurals if possible Ox, bath, hotel-keeper, datum, Mary, man-servant, merry-go-round, half, information, scarf, louse, lady, editor-in-chief, shingles, spectacles, sheep, contents, photo, fish, steamer, money, news, phenomenon, luggage, cactus. Open the brackets. 1. There (is, are) money in my pocket. 2. I know my hair (is, are) beautiful. 3. These white swine (does, do) not live. 4. This watch (was, were) a special favourite with him. 5. The deer (were, was) ravaging the man’s field. 6. (Has, have) the police arrived? 7. Three weeks (have, has) already passed. 8. Who (do, does) the information belong to? 9. What (was, were) the news that you’d brought? 10.The advice (is, are) very useful. Use a, an, the, or zero article 1. …Water is precious here. Don’t drink …water from this pond….Water is stale. 2. They built…fire to mark…place. 3. I suddenly felt…sharp pain. …Pain was terrible. 4. …Paul found…Russian literature…most interesting subject. 5. How long have you been to… hospital?---Only for ten minutes to talk to…mother. 6. It was …early spring, …spring of 1978. 7. As far as I remember,…Mr. Fish you talked about, lived in…High Street. 8. To my mind,…storm was on…Monday, because…young John called me then. 9. I like …English, but…French Language is melodic too. 10.…Astonished Mary couldn’t say … word. She breathed deeply, felt…little calmer, …enormity of…situation was too vivid. 70

I. Choose the best variant. 1.He lives in…Western Netherlands. a. a b. --c. the 2. On…evening of…St. Valentine’s day, Baldwood sat down to…supper. a. an b.--c. the a. --b. the c. a a. the b. a c. --3. It’s unlucky to light three cigars with…match. That’s only…superstition. a. the b. --c. a a. a b. the c.--4. We had…very good weather when we were on… holiday. a. a b. --c. the a. --b. a c. an 5. There are some …here. a. court-martial b. courts-martial c. court-martials 6. …Air there was…smell of…burning leaves. a. an b. the c.--a. --b. an c. the a. the b.--c. a 7. Fruit…useful for your health. a. are b. is c. a 9. There were…number of young women. a. --b. the c. a 11.He excused himself to… Aunt Anna and went to …town. a. --b. the c. a a. an b. --c. the II. Translate into English. 1.Она была Джонсон и, как все Джонсоны, умна. 2. Вы по ошибке принесли не тот журнал. 3. ---Если он услышит это замечание, то очень обидится.---По правде говоря, мне всё равно. 4. ---Где мои деньги?---В настоящее время они в полке. 5. Это был высокий белый дом. Он был окружён огромным садом. 6. Мы получили телеграмму в самый день нашего отъезда. 7. Попугай может подражать человеку. 8. Некоторые из гостей ушли рано. 9. Сегодня я наконец достал книгу., которую давно искал. 11.Он решил сходить к Ерёминым. III. Use the correct tense 1. I usually (go) to work by car but I (go) on the bus this week while my father (mend) it. 70

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

---Mary has broken a new vase!---When she (break) it? One day Hodja (hear) some soldiers telling stories how brave they (be). Everybody (not believe) me yesterday,… …? I (save up) because I (go) abroad in July. This story (be) about a man who (desert) his family and (go) to live on a Pacific island. 7. What you ( read) when a stranger (interrupt) you? 8. It’s so unlike him: he (be) very rude today. 9. (not let) me down as I ( depend) on you. 10.You (see) that note? What it (say)?---We (see) John at 4. (not be) late.

GRAMMAR TEST. 1.Use the required active or passive forms of the verbs. At the last glow of sunset they (1.to board)the aeroplane in inverse order of seniority beginning with the sergeant and ending with General Spitz.The plane they (2.to provide)with was luxurious for the war time.It (3.to fit) with seats.Little lights (4.to glow) along the roof.Soon the doors (5. to shut).The lights (6.to go) out.It (7.to be) now completely dark.What once (8.to be) windows (9.to paint) out.The roar of engine (10.to impose) silence on the party.Dan,who (11.to put) himself next to the cockpit,(12.to long) for a forbidden cigarette and (13.to try)to compose himself for a sleep, though it(14. to be)far from his normal bedtime.He(15.to wear) the same shirt all day without a chance of changing.In the hot afternoon it(16.to be)damp with sweat.Now in the chill upper air it(17.to cling) to him and (18.to set) chivering.It (19.not to occur)to him to bring his greatcoat.It(20.to be) an unsatisfactory day.He(21.to wander) about the streets of the old town with the Lieutenant.They (22.to lunch) at the club and (23.to order)to report at the airfield two hours before they (24.to need).He (25.not to dine)and(26.to see)no hope of doing so.He(27.to sit)in black boredom and discomfort untill,after an hour,sleep(28.to come). 2.Supply the required article. 1…school was …pride of …town.It was made of …brick. 2…driver was …broad red-faced man who looked like…captain of… liner. 3.She spoke of …cars with …lyrical intensity that …other people gave to …spring,or…first snow drop. 4.Outside…church we met several neighbours. 70

5.He found himself …face to …face with Lieutenant Evans. 6.When…news came that France had mobilized,and that …Germans had crossed…Belgian frontier, George abandoned all…hope immediately. 7…iron is …bread of … industry,…nickel is…meat. 8.Fortunately we have …time to decide since there are…two months of …wet winter left to us and nobody will bother us untill… spring. 9.For …long time I had longed for …machine that could move at …speed of seventy miles…hour. 10.I believe you could get …work on… farm that would see us through … summer. 3Choose between a singular or a plural form of the verb. 1.Do you know what the family(to get)into their heads about this business? 2.Everybody says the Swiss police(to be)great at finding people. 3.When he came the baseball team(to practise)on the school field. 4.The clergy(to be)generally dressed in black. 5.The Government(to decide)to pass the bill. 6.Politics always(to interest)me. 7.In the meantime the young couple(to be)to live in the old house. 8.The committee(to be)of the opinion that the matter should be dealt with at once. 9.the staff(to be) all gathered in the main office when I came. 10.You’ve bought yourself a nice car.Your money(to be)well spent. 4.Choose the right pronoun. 1.Pat soon made…clear that…didn’t want to stay there long. a.him/it b.us/they c.it/she 2.Poor old England!I suppose I’ll never see…again. a.him b.her c.it 3.What have you done to…face? 4.Mr.Black gave…wife a leather bag for …birthday. a.her/his b.his/her c.his/our 5.I close the door behind… a.your b.yours c.them a.myself b.me c.my 6.She gave the…answer as before. a.very b.right c.same 7.There is hardly…place in this house where we can talk alone. a.some b.any c.no 70

8.The actor could make you hear…word in the last row of the gallery. a.all b.very c.each 9.He invited us…,but I knew he didn’t want…of us at a family party. a.both/neither b.either/neither c.both/either 10.My sister spends…money on her clothes that she has…left on holidays. a.much/none b.many/much c.little/a few 5.Choose the best variant. 1.Some car engines work…than others. a.more efficiently b.more efficient c.most efficiently d.most efficient 2.You like football,…? a.do you b.don’t you c.like you d.aren’t you 3.My sister went to England…she could improve her English. a.in order b.owing c.so that d.although 4.Sue asked her brother…while she was on the phone. a.not to talk b.don’t talk c.to not talk d.not talk 5.Ann asked”Can you come to my party on Saturday,Stephen?” a.Ann asked Stephen if could he come to her party on Saturday. b.Ann asked Stephen if he could come to her party on Saturday. c.Ann asked stephen if can he come to her party on Saturday. d.Ann asked Stephen if he can come to her party on Saturday. 6.Native Americans…to be called”Red Indians” a.are used b.were used c.used d.use 7.Kate was tired because she…the whole evening. a.was studying b.studied c.had studied d.had been studying 8.What do you think we ought…with people who drop litter? a.to do b.do c.doing d.did 9.If I…a spider in the bath i would scream. a.will find b.found c.find d.have found 10.Last night…a terrible thunder-storm. a.there is b.it is c.it was d.there was 11.I’m really interested in fashion. …I. 70

a.So do b.Neither c.So am d.Neither am 12.-I would like to go to Scotland.-I wouldn’t like to go there… a.neither b.too c.either d.both 13.I…video games for two years. a.collected b.was collecting c.am collecting d.have been collecting 14.Do…the students in your class learn English? a.all b.every c.some d.any 15.If I…a vocation next summer,I will probably go to Britain. a.take b.will take c.taking d.took 16.I…stay home on my day off. a.recently b.yesterday c.next month d.always 17.Modern aeroplanes fly…than old ones. a.more higher b.higher c.more high d.most high 18.Simon asked”Ann,did you study English at school?” a.Simon asked Ann if did she study English at school. b.Simon asked Ann if she studied English at school. c.Simon asked Ann if she studiesEnglish at school. d.Simon asked Ann if she had studied English at school. 19…students must study one foreign language at our Institute. a.Some b.Most c.Each d.All 20.You haven’t worked…enough at school. a.hardly b.harder c.hard d.hardest 21.The landlord and his guest sat down opposite… a.each other b.the other c.one another c.one other 22.She became…scared that she began to cry. a.as b.such c.same d.so 23…I like most fish,I can’t stand trout. a.as b.because c.although d.so 24.You need not fear to hear…remaining words we have to say. 70

a.the few b.a few c.few d.little 26.He is…talkative than his sister.She won’t tire you. a.more b.little c.less d.as 27.The perfume smells… a.wonderfully b.wonderful c.more wonderful d.more wonderfully 28.She is a far…girl than her sister. a.prettier b.pretty c.prettiest d.more pretty 29.I haven’t seen…of them. a.neither b.no c.either d.none 30.He drinks… a.heavily b.heavy c.heavier d.more heavy 6.Put the following into indirect speech. 1.”I have something to tell you,”I said to her. 2.”I’m going away tomorrow,mother,”he said. 3.”We have moved into a new flat.We don’t like it nearly so much as our last one,”said my aunt. 4.”The steak is overdone again.I am no complaining;I’m just pointing out,”said her husband. 5.”I found an old Roman coin in the garden yesterday,”he said,”and I’m going to take it to the museum in the afternoon.” 6.”When are you coming back?”I asked them. 7.”Did you play for your school team?”asked Bill. 8.”Have you done this sort of work before?”said his new employer. 9.”Don’t touch this switch,Mary!”I said. 10.”Do make the coffee a bit stronger,”I begged.”It was terribly weak last night.” 7.Translate into English. 1.Она сказала,что очень занята и давно не была в театре. 2.Я был уверен,что он сказал вам,что получил от нее письмо. 3.Я был удивлен,что вы не сказали им,что собираетесь ехать в Дувр. 4.Я думал,что вы прочтете в газете,что делегация уже в Москве. 5.Он обещал,что скажет вам,что я уже вернулся и хочу видеть вас. 6.Она боялась,что вы скажете,что не можете ей помочь. 7.Я знал,что он чувствует,что я недоволен результатами его опытов. 8.Я был уверен,что он уже слышал,что мы вернулись с юга. 70

9.Он слазал,что пошлет телеграмму,если не получит известий от брата. 10.Роберт сказал,что его жена все еще в больнице,и он собирается ее навестить вечером. PROGRESS TEST. I. Use an appropriate tense. Farmers, as we all (to know), (to have) a hard time of it in Britain lately, and (to turn) to new ways of earning income from their land. This (to involve) not only planting new kinds of crops, but some strange ways of making money, the most unusual of which has got to be sheep racing. Yes, you (to hear) me correctly! A farmer in the West of England now (to hold) sheep races on a regular basis, and during the past year over 100 000 people (to turn up) to watch the proceedings. “I(to pass) the farm on the way to the sea for a holiday,” one punter told me, “ and I(to think) I’d have a look. I (not to believe) it was serious, to tell you the truth.” According to a regular visitor, betting on sheep is more interesting than betting on horses. “At proper horse races everyone already (to study) the form of the horses in advance, and there are clear favourites. But nobody(to hear) anything about these sheep! Most people(to find) it difficult to tell one from the another in any case.” I(to stay) to watch the races, and I must admit that I (to find)it quite exciting. In a typical race, half a dozen sheep(to race)downhill over a course of about half a mile. Food (to wait)for them at the other end of truck. The sheep(to run) surprisingly fast, although they(not to eat)for a while just to give them some motivation. At any rate, the crowd around me(to enjoy)their day out at races, judging by their happy faces and the sense of excitement.

II. Rewrite the sentences so that the meaning stays the same. a. This matter is none of your business. This matter does… b. This bridge will take us three years to complete. In three years’ time we… c. Patsy wasn’t always so unfriendly. Patsy didn’t … d. We’ll be at your house soon. It won’t… e. I haven’t seen Ann for years. It’s years… f. The dog keeps stealing my socks! The dog is… g. After taking the pills, I began to feel much better. Since taking… h. We’ll have to leave immediately at the end of the film. The moment…

III. Choose the best variant. 1….we get to the theatre, the play will have started. a. as soon as b. until c. by the time d. whenever 70

2. What’s the matter? Haven’t you started…? a. already b. yet c. by now d. soon 3. The trouble with you is that you’re…complaining. a. forever b. often c. still d. each time 4. Can you remember what you were doing…? a. the time b. usually c. every day d. at the time 5. The new school opens… a. now b. at once c. next week d. day by day 6. I haven’t been feeling very well… a. of late b. not long ago c. currently d. by now

IV. Complete the sentences using passive voice. 1.The invention of the computer simplified the work of accountants. Since the computer… 2. Someone has suggested that the shop should close. It… 3. “I’d take out some travel insurance if I were you, Mr. Smith.” Mr. Smith… 4. The waitress will bring your drinks in a moment. Your drinks… 5. Someone used a knife to open this window. This window… 6. Nobody ever heard anything of David again. Nothing…

V. Put a suitable preposition. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The tree had been decorated… coloured balls. The answers have been included… the book. After the rugby match, Jim’s shorts were covered… mud. The victim was struck from behind… a heavy object. The house was built … the money that David borrowed from the bank. When the accident happened, Sam was struck…flying glass.

VI. Turn into indirect speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

“Helen, would you like to come to lunch on Sunday?” said Mary. “Well, in the end I think I’ll take the brown pair” said the customer. “Me? No, I didn’t take Sue’s calculator.” said Bob. “Don’t forget to buy some milk, Andy,” said Clare. “No, you really must stay the night, Sophia,” Ann said. “Make sure you don’t take the A20 in the rush hour, Tim,” said Jack.

VII. Use the necessary articles. 1. We took…trip around London and saw… Tower Bridge. 2. … happiness of the majority depends on…hard work from everyone. 3. …most main roads in this part of …country follow…line of… roads built by…Romans. 4. Have you got … latest record by…Gipsy Kings? 5. If I had … time, I would like to take up… archery. 6. We spent … pleasant evening having… drink at…Robin Hood. 70

7. …Nile flows right through … city. 8. … summer I spent in… USA was one of…best in my life. 9. I don’t like…milk in… coffee. 10. Please let me carry…shopping. It’s… least I can do. 11. … burglaries are definitely on… increse. 12. Don’t you work in… record shop in… High Street. 13. ….leader of …team is usually called…captain. 14. Paul spent…half of his life in…Far East. 15. I have…terrible cold and I’m staying in…bed today. 16. And…last of all, don’t forget to put…cat out for…night.

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THE VERB

СБОРНИК грамматических тестов для студентов 1 курса отделения английского языка и литературы. Составители: ст. преп. Куприна Р.Н., ст. преп. Мезена Л...

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