RESEARCH ARTICLE HEALTH AFFAIRS > VOL. 27, NO. 3: HEALTH REFORM REVISITED
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The Triple Aim: Care, Health, And Cost
Donald M. Berwick, Thomas W. Nolan, and John Whittington
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ABSTRACT Improving the U.S. health care system requires simultaneous pursuit of three aims: improving the experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing per capita costs of health care. Preconditions for this include the enrollment of an identified population, a commitment to universality for its members, and the existence of an organization (an “integrator”) that accepts responsibility for all three aims for that population. The integrator’s role includes at least five components: partnership with individuals and families, redesign of primary care, population health management, financial management, and macro system integration.
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History Published online 1 May 2008
Information Copyright 2008 by Project HOPE - The People-toPeople Health Foundation, Inc.
| SYSTEMS OF CARE | HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS | SPENDING | COST REDUCTION | PRIMARY CARE | CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE | MARKETS | ACCESS TO CARE | POPULATION HEALTH TRIPLE AIM
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