The Mineral Industry of Turkey in 2011 - USGS Mineral Resources

Loading...

2011 Minerals Yearbook Turkey

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

September 2013

The Mineral Industry of Turkey By Philip M. Mobbs Turkey has a diverse mineral industry that included the production of more than 60 mineral commodities. Turkey was a significant producer of barite, bentonite, boron minerals, chromite, feldspar, magnesite, perlite, and pumice. The country also was a significant source of value-added processed mineral commodities, such as cement and steel. The volume of hydrocarbons produced in Turkey was small, but the country was a significant transit corridor for crude oil and natural gas shipments (table 1; Angulo, 2012; Bolen, 2012; Crangle, 2012; Kramer, 2012; Miller, 2012; Tanner, 2012; van Oss, 2012; Virta, 2012; World Steel Association, 2012).

The petroleum sector is regulated by the Enerji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [General Directorate of Energy Affairs] of the ETKB under the Petroleum Law of 1954 (law No. 6326). The distribution, export, import, refining, and sale of petroleum are licensed under and regulated by the Petroleum Market Law of 2003 (law No. 5015). The distribution, export, import, and transmission of natural gas are regulated by the Natural Gas Market Law of 2001 (law No. 4646), as amended by law No. 5367 of 2005. The marketing of domestic and imported liquefied petroleum gases is regulated by the Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) Market Law of 2005 (law No. 5307).

Minerals in the National Economy

Production

Turkey’s gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices was $774.2 billion1 (about 1,298 billion Turkish lira) in 2011. At constant prices (with a base year of 1998), the real GDP was $68.5 billion in 2011 compared with about $70.4 billion in 2010. The mining and quarrying sector accounted for about 1.4% of the GDP in 2010, which was the latest year for which data were available (T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı, 2011; Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, 2012).

Most of the mineral production volumes for 2011 were estimated (table 1). Significant increases in production were reported for boron, iron ore, and kaolin and were estimated for antimony, refined borates, coal, gold, refined petroleum products, silver, and steel.

Government Policies and Programs Article 168 of the Constitution (1982) and the Mining Law of June 15, 1985 (Maden Kanunu, law No. 3213), as amended by law No. 5177 of 2004 and law No. 5995 of 2010, establish that natural resources, such as minerals, belong to the state. The Law on Boron Minerals, Trona and Asphaltite Mines and Exploitation of Nuclear Energy Raw Materials No. 3971 of February 19, 1994; the Mining Activities Permitting Regulation of 2005; the Regulation Concerning the Implementation of the Mining Law of 2005; and the Mining Law Implementation Regulation of November 6, 2010, also regulate mining activity in Turkey. The Government issues licenses to Turkish individuals or legal entities to explore for minerals or operate mines for a specific period of time. The Foreign Direct Investment Law of June 2003 (law No. 4875) authorizes foreign investors to establish companies in Turkey that can hold mining rights under the Mining Law. The Maden İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü (MIGEM) [General Directorate of Mining Affairs] of the T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı (ETKB) [Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources] regulates the mining industry. The T.C. Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı [Ministry of Environment and Forestry] enforces the Environmental Law of 1983 (law No. 2872) and the Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment of December 16, 2003.

1

Where necessary, values have been converted from Turkish lira (TLY) to U.S. dollars (US$) at the rate of TLY1.677=US$1.00 for 2011, and TLY1.5069=US$1.00 for 2010.

Structure of the Mineral Industry The country’s industrial minerals and metals were produced mainly by private sector companies, which also produced some coal and hydrocarbons. The Government investment in the mineral industry was estimated to be about 34% of total investment, and was focused on the boron, coal, and petroleum sectors (T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı, 2011). Government institutions involved in the mineral sector that were attached to the ETKB included Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü (MTA) [General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration], which conducts basic geologic and geophysical surveys and mining research; Petrol İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü (PIGM) [General Directorate of Petroleum Affairs], which collects information about petroleum exploration and production activity in Turkey; and Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu Başkanliği [Turkish Atomic Energy Authority], which is responsible for policy development and the coordination and supervision of scientific and technical activities in the nuclear sector. Other institutions that are associated with the ETKB include Boru Hatlari Ile Petrol Taşima A.Ş. Genel Müdürlüğü (BOTAS) [Petroleum Pipeline Corp.], which imports, transports, and sells natural gas, and also transports petroleum; Elektrik Üretim A.Ş. Genel Müdürlüğü [General Directorate of Electricity Generation Corp.], which produces electricity; Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, which has exclusive rights to explore for and to develop boron deposits according to law No. 2840 of 1983; the Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (TKI) [General Directorate of Turkish Coal Enterprises], which mines lignite and subbituminous coal; Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortakliği Genel Müdürlüğü (TPAO) [Turkish Petroleum Corp.], which explores for, produces, markets, and refines crude oil; and

Turkey—2011 58.1

Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (TTK) [General Directorate of Turkish Hard Coal Enterprises], which mines anthracite and bituminous coal. Mineral Trade In 2011, total Turkish exports of goods were valued at about $135 billion compared with about $114 billion in 2010. Exports of manufactured products were valued at $125.9 billion in 2011 compared with about $105 billion in 2010. Manufactured products exports included basic metals (iron and steel, nonferrous metals, and precious metals) exports, which were valued at about $17.1 billion in 2011; chemical products (including fertilizers), $6.7 billion; coke and petroleum products, $6.1 billion; and industrial mineral products, such as cement, ceramics, glass, lime, and stone, $4 billion. Exports of the mining and quarrying sector were valued at about $2.8 billion in 2011, compared with about $2.7 billion in 2010. In 2011, exports of industrial minerals were valued at about $1.5 billion and accounted for 52% of mining exports; exports of metal ores were valued at $1.2 billion and accounted for 43.3% of mining exports; exports of crude petroleum and natural gas were valued at $126 million and accounted for 4.5% of mining exports; and exports of coal were valued at about $6 million and accounted for 0.2% of mining exports (T.C. Kalkınma Bakanlığı, 2012, Part 5, table 16). In 2011, total Turkish imports of goods were valued at about $241 billion compared with about $186 billion in 2010. Imports of petroleum and petroleum products were valued at $15.2 billion in 2011 compared with about $11.4 billion in 2010. Imports of metal ores and scrap were valued at $11.1 billion in 2011 compared with $8.2 billion in 2010 (T.C. Kalkınma Bakanlığı, 2012, Part 5, table 5). Commodity Review Metals Antimony.—Tri-Star Resource plc of the United Kingdom completed a 47-hole 4,116-meter (m) drill program on the Goynuk antimony prospect. The company planned additional exploration drilling in 2012 (Tri-Star Resources plc, 2012). Copper, Lead, Molybdenum, Silver, and Zinc.—Eti Bakir A.Ş., which was a subsidiary of Cengiz Holding, was the leading copper producing company in Turkey. Other notable copper producers included Çayeli Bakır İşletmeleri A.Ş. (a subsidiary of Inmet Mining Corp. of Canada), which mined a record volume of 1.195 million metric tons (Mt) of ore from the underground Cayeli Mine in 2011 compared with 1.147 Mt of ore in 2010. Çayeli produced a copper concentrate that contained 28,200 metric tons (t) of copper in 2011, and a zinc concentrate that contained 48,100 t of zinc. Çayeli recovered about 6% less zinc contained in concentrates in 2011, despite an increase in the tonnage of ore milled, owing to a 5% decrease in the zinc grade to 6.0% from 6.3% (Inmet Mining Corp., 2012, p. 33–34). Demir Export A.Ş., which was a subsidiary of Koç Holding A.Ş., produced and exported a copper-zinc concentrate from the Lahanos Mine in Giresun Province. In 2011, Demir Export

produced about 15,000 t of concentrate that contained an average of 20% to 22% copper compared with more than 17,500 t of concentrates produced in 2009. Demir Export also completed an exploratory drill program for copper near its Samli iron mine in Balikesir Province (Demir Export A.Ş., undated). Park Elektrik Üretim Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş. mined copper ore at the Madenkoy Mine, produced and sold a copper concentrate that contained an average of 18% to 20% copper, and in 2011, also began to sell refined copper cathode. Park Elektrik produced 77,510 wet metric tons of copper concentrates in 2011, of which 17,268 wet tons was refined to produce 2,829 t of copper cathode. In 2011, the mine’s ore processing capacity was increased to 1.2 million metric tons per year (Mt/yr) from 750,000 metric tons per year (t/yr). In 2013, mine activity was scheduled to shift from underground to open pit operations, and the input capacity of the Madenkoy plant was expected to increase to 1.8 Mt/yr with an output of about 150,000 t/yr of copper concentrate (Park Elektrik Üretim Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş., 2012, p. 19). Gümüştaş Madencilik A.Ş. started production from a copper-lead and zinc mine. About 400 metric tons per day of ore was processed at the company’s concentrator at the Gumushane Organized Industrial Zone (Haberler.com, 2011). Companies engaged in exploration for copper, lead, and zinc included Dedeman Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., which completed an infill drill program on the Balya lead-silver-zinc property. Dedeman subsequently proposed to develop the deposit as an underground mine and applied for an exploitation license (Eurasian Minerals Inc., 2011a). Empire Mining Corp. of Canada terminated its agreement with Alacer Gold to acquire 65% interest in the Bursa copper project, which included the Demirtepe and the Karapinar prospects. Instead, Empire agreed to acquire 100% interest in the Bursa project for company stock and a payment of $1.5 million that was due in 2012. Empire completed initial drill programs on the prospects in 2011 that encountered copper, gold, molybdenum, and silver mineralization (Empire Mining Corp., 2012, p. 3–4). RCR Quantum Madencilik İthalat İhracat Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş. was a joint venture of Red Crescent Resources Holding A.Ş. (75% interest) and Gensay Madencilik İthalat İhracat Tic. ve San. A.Ş. (25% interest) that was formed in May to develop the Sivas copper property. In August, Petmin Ltd. of South Africa agreed to provide up to about $17 million to fund project development expenses and to acquire up to 37.5% interest in the project. RCR Quantum subsequently completed a 10-hole 1,150-m drill program on the Sivas copper property and proposed a 15-hole 3,000-m drill program for 2012 (Red Crescent Resources Ltd., 2012, p. 3, 12–13). Regional terrain hampered access to proposed drill sites on the Hakkari zinc project, which was being evaluated by RCR ve Seyitoğlu Madencilik İthalat İhracat Tic. ve San. A.Ş. (a joint venture of Red Crescent Resources Holding, 50% interest, and shareholders of the Seyitoğlu family, 50% interest). RCR Seyitoğlu proposed to redevelop the licenses initially as a direct-shipping-ore project, and began to rehabilitate old underground tunnels on the No. 8 and Pentagon licenses at

58.2 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

Hakkari. The resultant stockpile of run-of-mine ore had a grade of 26.75% zinc (Red Crescent Resources Ltd., 2012, p. 2). Teck Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited A.Ş. (60% interest) completed a 44-hole 19,599-m drill program on the Halilaga copper-gold property for its joint venture with Pilot Gold Inc. of Canada (40% interest). Teck Madencilik, which was earning 51% interest in the Hasancelebi project from Stratex International plc of the United Kingdom, completed a 5-hole 1,572-m drill program on the main deposit and a 2-hole 543-m drill program on Karakaya Tepe prospect at Hasancelebi. After an initial drill program, the Aydeniz Group withdrew from an agreement to earn a 55% interest in the Muratdere copper project from Stratex, but in December, Pragma Finansal Danışmanlık Ticaret A.Ş. agreed to acquire 51% of the Muratdere project from Stratex. Also in 2011, Antofagasta Minerals S.A. of Chile and Stratex entered into a strategic alliance to explore for copper in Turkey (Stratex International plc, 2011c; 2012a, b; Pilot Gold Inc., 2012, p. 7–8). Xstrata Canada Copper proposed additional exploration activity on the Berta prospect in 2012. Nuinsco Resources Ltd. of Canada was a partner in the joint venture that controlled the Berta copper-gold property. Owing to a number of factors, Nuinsco Resources decided to surrender the exploration license for the Elmalaan zinc property (Nuinsco Resources Ltd., 2012, p. 7). Gold.—Koza Altin, İşletmeleri A.Ş., was the leading gold producer in Turkey. In 2011, Koza produced about 9,500 kilograms (kg) of gold and 3,100 kg of silver from its four mines in 2011, compared with about 8,000 kg of gold and 3,600 kg of silver from three mines in 2010. The Cukuralan open pit, which began production in late 2010, produced 543,126 t of ore in 2011. The output from the Cukuralan underground mine, which began production in August, was 33,914 t of ore. The Ovacik underground mine produced 204,313 t of ore. The Ovacik plant, which also processed ore from Cukuralan, milled 822,777 t of ore in 2011 and recovered 3,880 kg of gold and 1,646 kg of silver. The Mastra open pit mine produced 248,788 t of ore and the Mastra underground mine produced 182,972 t of ore. The Mastra plant milled 528,516 t of ore and recovered 5,074 kg of gold and 762 kg of silver. The Kaymaz open pit, which started production in March, produced 264,248 t of ore. The Kaymaz plant milled 98,062 t of ore and recovered 629 kg of silver and 432 kg of gold (Koza Altin İşletmeleri A.Ş., 2012, p. 3–4, 30–33). Koza began a prefeasibility study of heap leaching the Mollakara prospect. The company had an additional 15 gold exploration projects, including the Agadeve, the Bulancak, the Buyukpinar, the Cakilli Tepe, the Ciftehan, the Hapan, the Hasandagi, and the Himmetdede. In 2011, Tüprag Metal Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., which was a subsidiary of Eldorado Gold Corp. of Canada, produced 8,853 kg of gold from the Efemcukuru and the Kisladag Mines. At Kisladag, Tüprag completed the expansion of the mine’s crushing circuit to 12.5 Mt/yr, which allowed 12.4 Mt of ore to be placed on the leach pads in 2011 compared with about 10.4 Mt in 2010. Gold production increased by 313 kg compared with that of 2010, despite a decrease in ore grade to 0.95 grams per metric ton (g/t) from 1.06 g/t. Turkey—2011

Eldorado completed a positive study on the expansion of the mine’s capacity to 25 Mt/yr. Eldorado proposed to expand the mine by mid-2014, subject to the receipt of Government permits. Also at Kisladag, Tüprag completed a concentrate treatment plant that would process material from the Efemcukuru Mine, which was located about 180 km east of Kisladag (Eldorado Gold Corp., 2012a; 2012b, p. 7). In 2011, ore production was initiated at Efemcukuru. Tüprag milled 112,612 t of ore, which graded 8.21 g/t gold. About 9,100 t of gold concentrate, which contained about 800 kg of gold, was shipped to Kisladag. The Efemcukuru Mine achieved commercial production at yearend (Eldorado Gold Corp., 2012a; 2012b, p. 11). Alacer Gold Corp. was formed from the merger of Anatolia Minerals Development Ltd. of Canada and Avoca Resources Ltd. of Australia. Anagold Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., which was the local subsidiary of Alacer Gold (95% interest) and Lidya Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (5%), began commercial gold production at the Copler gold mine in 2011. Lidya acquired an additional 15% equity interest in Anagold from Alacer Gold in early 2012. At Copler, about 11.3 Mt of waste and 7.4 Mt of ore were mined in 2011 to produce about 5,770 kg of gold. Anagold also completed more than 50,000 m of drilling and a prefeasibility study of the sulfide ore at Copler and resumed exploration drilling on the Karakartal prospect (Alacer Gold Corp., 2012, p. 7–9, 26). İstanbul Altın Rafinerisi refined gold, rhodium, and silver. Emak Refining & Recycling Systems of Turkey produced equipment to refine gold scrap and recycled precious metals that were recovered from automobile catalytic converters. Companies engaged in exploration for gold included Aldridge Minerals Inc., which completed an infill drilling program and began a definitive feasibility study on the Yenipazar gold property (which also contained copper, lead, silver, and zinc mineralization). Aldridge was earning 100% interest in the property from Alacer Gold. Aldridge Minerals wrote off its options on the Derinkoy gold property after European Goldfields Ltd. of Canada terminated its option to acquire up to 70% interest in the property (Aldridge Minerals Inc, 2012, p. 6–9). Ariana Resources plc completed a prefeasibility study for the Red Rabbit gold project and estimated the resources of the Kiziltepe sector of the project to be 1 Mt of ore at an average grade of 3.6 g/t gold and 41.6 g/t silver. Pontid Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şti., which was a subsidiary of Greater Pontides Exploration B.V. of the Netherlands [a joint venture of European Goldfields (51% interest) and Ariana Resources plc of the United Kingdom (49% interest)], completed a 44-hole drilling program on the Salinbas gold prospect on the Greater Pontides Project in northeastern Turkey. Eldorado was expected to complete its proposed acquisition of European Goldfields in early 2012 (Ariana Resources plc, 2012a, b). In 2011, Ariana Resources acquired the Derinin Tepe (Kizilicukur) gold project, the Muratdag gold project, and the Yatij West gold project from KEFI Minerals Plc of the United Kingdom, which shifted its exploration focus to Saudi Arabia. Kackar Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. acquired the Artvin

58.3

gold project from KEFI Minerals (KEFI Minerals Plc, 2012, p. 15). Centerra Gold Inc. of Canada was earning up to 70% interest in the Akarca gold property from Eurasian Minerals Inc. of Canada. The joint venture completed a 3-hole, 421-m drill program at Akarca in 2011. Centerra Gold continued to drill on the Ortacam North prospect on the Oksut property and earned 50% interest in the Oksut property from Stratex International PLC. Centerra also agreed to earn an additional 20% interest in the Oksut property by providing an additional $3 million in exploration funding (Eurasian Minerals Inc., 2011b; Centerra Gold Inc., 2012, p. 29–30). Chesser Resources Ltd. of Australia started a 30,000-m drill program on the Kestanelik gold prospect. Chesser also completed a 12-hole 2,964-m drill program on the Karaayi copper-gold prospect, which was located about 40 km southwest of Kestanelik (Chesser Resources Ltd., 2012, p. 4, 20). Mediterranean Resources Ltd. of Canada started a 10-hole drill program on the Red Mountain (Kizildag) project, which included the Corak gold-silver (five holes) and the Tac copper-gold (five holes) properties. In December, Lovet Tekstil Gida Inşaat Turizm Organizasyon Sanayi ve Diş Ticaret A.Ş. entered into an agreement to acquire 20% of the Red Mountain project from Mediterranean Resources (Mediterranean Resources Ltd., 2012, p. 4). Pilot Gold Inc. acquired a 40% interest in the Orta Truva Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. joint venture from Fronteer Investment Inc. of the Cayman Islands [United Kingdom]. Teck Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited A.Ş. held the remaining 60% interest in the Orta Truva joint venture. Orta Truva completed a 19-hole 4,184-m phase I drill program in January and a 72-hole 14,876-m phase II drill program on the TV Tower gold property in December (Pilot Gold Inc., 2012, p. 6–7). Stratex reported that a positive feasibility study was completed on the Inlice gold project. Total reserves were estimated to be about 1.1 Mt of ore at a grade of 1.69 g/t gold. The joint venture of NTF Insaat Ticaret Limited Şti. and Stratex expected to begin mining in early 2012; initial gold production was expected to begin in mid-2012. Stratex Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şti., which was a local subsidiary of Stratex and Bahar Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şti., agreed to form a joint venture (Altintepe Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.) to develop the Altintepe gold project. Stratex also continued exploration on the Altunhisar prospect (Stratex International plc, 2011a, b). Nickel.—Meta Nikel Kobalt A.Ş. of Turkey (a subsidiary of Meta Madencilik Limited Şti.) started construction of the Gordes nickel refinery in Manisa Province. The refinery was expected to begin to process about 1.5 Mt/yr of ore in 2013, and output was expected to be 10,000 t/yr of nickel and 500 to 800 t/yr of cobalt salts (Kalkinmaforum.com, 2012; Kobiden News, 2012). In October, European Nickel PLC of the United Kingdom agreed to sell its interest in the Caldag Mine to VTG Nikel Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., which was a subsidiary of Oremine Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Development operations at the mine had been suspended in 2007 pending the receipt of a forestry permit. European Nickel had started work

on Caldag in 2002 but shifted its focus to developing a nickel project in the Philippines in 2010 (Fasken Martineau, 2011). Industrial Minerals Boron.—Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü recovered 2.1 Mt of boron concentrates and produced 1.8 Mt of boron chemicals and products in 2011, and the company proposed an expansion of its boron products capacity to 5.5 Mt/yr from 1.725 Mt/yr. Capacity-expansion projects under construction included the company’s fifth borax pentahydrate plant (which would have a production capacity of 500,000 t/yr) at Kirka, and a 50,000-t/yr-capacity boric acid plant. Proposed projects included the 500,000-t/yr-capacity sulfuric acid plant and a 500,000-t/yr-capacity boric acid plant at Emet (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, 2012, p. 10–11, 17–18, 48–49). Mineral Fuels and Related Materials Uranium.—In 2011, Anatolia Energy Ltd. of Australia (formerly AWH Corporation Ltd.) acquired a 35% interest in the uranium exploration company Aldridge Uranium Ltd. of Australia, which Aldridge Minerals had spun off in 2008 as Aldridge Uranium Inc. of Canada. Vetter Uranium Ltd. of Australia acquired the remaining 65% interest in Aldridge Uranium. The resultant joint venture of Anatolia Energy and Vetter subsequently was named Anatolia Uranium Proprietary Ltd. In 2011, A Dur Madencilik Limited .Şti., which was the venture’s local subsidiary, completed two exploratory drill programs on the Temrezli deposit that totaled 32 holes for 5,009 m, and Anatolia Energy released a mineral resource estimate for the deposit of about 6.8 Mt of ore at a grade of 0.117% triuranium octoxide (U3O8) (Anatolia Energy Ltd., 2011a, p. 8; 2011b; Aldridge Minerals Inc., 2012, p. 10–11). Outlook Turkey has identified resources of a number of minerals. Most mining activity, especially in the industrial mineral sector, is performed by mining subsidiaries of domestic conglomerates, construction companies, metal and mineral traders, and small family-owned companies. Most of the international investor interest in the Turkish mineral industry remains focused on the development of metal deposits. The surge in exploration for metals by domestic and international companies is expected to continue (Ersçen, 1989). References Cited Alacer Gold Corp., 2012, 2011 annual report: Perth, Western Australia, Australia, Alacer Gold Corp., 76 p. Aldridge Minerals Inc., 2012, Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the year ended November 30, 2011: Aldridge Minerals Inc., February 24, 30 p. (Accessed July 16, 2012, at http://www.aldridge.com.tr/files/ doc_financials/2011_YE_Aldridge MDA_vFeb24 Final.pdf.) Anatolia Energy Ltd., 2011a, Annual financial report for the year ended 30 June 2011: Anatolia Energy Ltd., 55 p. (Accessed November 28, 2012, at http://www.asx.com.au/asxpdf/20111027/pdf/4222w53dk9nkg2.pdf.) Anatolia Energy Ltd., 2011b, Quarterly activities report for the year ended 30 September 2011: Anatolia Energy Ltd., 4 p. (Accessed November 28, 2012, at http://www.asx.com.au/asxpdf/20111031/pdf/42265qxp1rx6l8.pdf.)

58.4 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

Angulo, M.A., 2012, Boron: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 32–33. Ariana Resources plc, 2012a, JORC compliant resources and scoping study report: Ariana Resources plc, October 17. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.arianaresources.com/investors/news-releases/2011/ 169-jorc-compliant-resource-and-scoping-study-report.) Ariana Resources plc, 2012b, Positive drilling results from Salinbas: Ariana Resources plc, March 22. (Accessed April 6, 2012, at http://www.londonstockexchange.com/exchange/news/market-news/ market-news-detail.html?announcementid=11153942.) Bolen, W.P., 2012, Perlite: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 116–117. Centerra Gold Inc., 2012, 2011 annual report: Centerra Gold Inc., 126 p. (Accessed November 27, 2012, at http://www.centerragold.com/sites/default/ files/2011-centerra__ar-final.pdf.) Chesser Resources Ltd., 2012, Annual report 2012: Chesser Resources Ltd., 83 p. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.chesserresources.com.au/ files/Reports/2012_Annual_Report_Web.pdf.) Crangle, R.D., Jr., 2012, Pumice and pumicite: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 124–125. Demir Export A.Ş., [undated], Giresun-Lahanos copper mine: Istanbul, Turkey, Demir Export A.Ş. (Accessed November 27, 2012, at http://www.demirexport.com.tr/en/operational-fields/mining/ giresun-lahanos-copper-mine.) Eldorado Gold Corp., 2012a, Kisladag concentrate treatment plant startup: Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada, Eldorado Gold Corp., January 5, 2 p. Eldorado Gold Corp., 2012b, Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations (MD&A) for the year ended December 31, 2011: Eldorado Gold Corp., 31 p. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.eldoradogold.com/i/pdf/Q4-2011-FS-MDA.pdf.) Empire Mining Corp., 2012, Management discussion and analysis for the six month period ended November 30, 2011: Empire Mining Corp., 13 p. (Accessed November 28, 2012, at http://www.empireminingcorp.com/i/pdf/ FS_2011-11-30.pdf.) Ersçen, Necdet, 1989, Türkiye’nin bilen maden ve minerals kanaklari [Known ore and mineral resources of Turkey]: Ankara, Turkey, Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü, 108 p. Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, 2012, 2011 Faaliyet raporu [Annual report]: Ankara, Turkey, Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü, 71 p. Eurasian Minerals Inc., 2011a, EMX reports drill results of 11.1 meters averaging 7.82% lead, 5.92% zinc, and 419.74 g/t silver for the Balya Royalty Property in Turkey: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Eurasian Minerals Inc., August 11, 2 p. Eurasian Minerals Inc., 2011b, Eurasian Minerals drills Sarikaya Tepe discovery hole with an oxide intercept of 14.2 meters averaging 4.61 g/t gold at the Akarca JV project, Turkey: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Eurasian Minerals Inc., September 1, 4 p. Fasken Martineau, 2011, ENK agrees to sell Caldag nickel project for US$40 million: Fasken Martineau, October 10. (Accessed May 10, 2012, at http://www.fasken.com/enk-sells-caldag.) Haberler.com, 2011, Gümüştaş Madencilik A.Ş Fabrika Müdürü Ölgen: Haberler.com, April 12. (Accessed November 30, 2012, at http://www.haberler.com/gumustas-madencilik-a-s-fabrika-muduru-olgen2649837-haberi.) Inmet Mining Corp., 2012, Annual report 2011: Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Inmet Mining Corp., 125 p. Kalikinmaforum.com, 2012, Gördes kobalt nikel Üretim tesisi projesi [Gordes cobalt-nickel production plant project]: Kalikinmaforum.com, February 26. (Accessed November 30, 2012, at http://kalkinmaforum.com/ index.php?topic=204.0.) KEFI Minerals Plc, 2012, Annual report 2011: London, United Kingdom, KEFI Minerals Plc, 58 p. Kobiden News, 2012, Meta, 500 milyon dolara Gördes’e nikel-kobalt işleme tesisi kuroyor [Meta establishes $500 million Gordes’ nickel-cobalt processing facility]: Kobiden News, February 23. (Accessed November 30, 2012, at http://www.kobiden.com/meta,-500-milyon-dolaragordese-nikel-kobalt-isleme-tesisi-kuruyor-14955h.htm.) Koza Altin İşletmeleri A.Ş., 2012, Operational report & financials 31 December 2011: Koza Altin İşletmeleri A.Ş., 53 p. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://kozaaltin.com.tr/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/ Annual Report 31 December 2011.pdf.) Kramer, D.A., 2012, Magnesium compounds: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 96–97.

Mediterranean Resources Ltd., 2012, Management’s discussion and analysis of financial position and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2011: Mediterranean Resources Ltd., 22 p. (Accessed November 30, 2012, at http://www.medresources.ca/investors/financials/ mda-yearend-2011-final.pdf.) Miller, M.M., 2012, Barite: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 24–25. Nuinsco Resources Ltd., 2012, Management’s discussion and analysis for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2012: Nuinsco Resources Ltd., 34 p. (Accessed November 26, 2012, at http://www.nuinsco.ca/_resources/ financials/Annual_Report_FS_MDA.pdf.) Park Elektrik Üretim Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş., 2012, Annual report 2011: Istanbul, Turkey, Park Elektrik Üretim Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş., 106 p. Pilot Gold Inc., 2012, Management’s discussion and analysis for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2011: Pilot Gold Inc., 29 p. (Accessed October 10, 2012, at http://www.pilotgold.com/sites/default/files/ financial_reports/Pilot Gold Inc MD&A YE 2011 FINAL.pdf.) Red Crescent Resources Ltd., 2012, Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2011: Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Red Crescent Resources Ltd., 20 p. Stratex International plc, 2011a, Stratex International—New partner to develop Altintepe gold project and update on Inlice gold project: Stratex International plc, December 7. (Accessed December 20, 2011, at http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/ en/page674?oid=141190&sn=Detail&pid=110649.) Stratex International plc, 2011b, Stratex International Plc—Positive feasibility study for the Inlice gold project: Stratex International plc, April 4. (Accessed February 24, 2012, at http://www. londonstockexchange.com/exchange/news/ market-news/market-news-detail.html?announcementid=10831234.) Stratex International plc, 2011c, Stratex International Plc—Turkey update—New partner buys into Muratdere porphyry copper project in Turkey and positive metallurgical test results: Stratex International plc, December 12, unpaginated. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.stratexinternational.com/media/21887/2011_no.51 new partner for muratdere, and positive met test results 12th december 2011.pdf.) Stratex International plc, 2012a, Stratex International Plc—Turkey update: Stratex International plc, March 12, unpaginated. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.stratexinternational.com/ media/23771/2012_no.8 general turkey update 12th march 2012.pdf.) Stratex International plc, 2012b, Stratex sells 51% of Mutatdere project for US$1.7 million: Stratex International plc, July 30, unpaginated. (Accessed November 29, 2012, at http://www.stratexinternational.com/ media/29209/2012_no.22 sale of 51 percent of muratdere project, Turkey 30th july 2012.pdf.) Tanner, A.O., 2012, Feldspar: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 54–55. T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı, 2011, Natural resources: T.C. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı, January 31. (Accessed January 26, 2012, at http://www.enerji.gov.tr/index.php?dil=en&sf=webpages&b=tabiikaynaklar_ EN&bn=216&hn=&nm=40718&id=40718.) T.C. Kalkınma Bakanlığı [Ministry of Development], 2012, Main economic indicators: T.C. Kalkınma Bakanlığı [Ministry of Development], July-AugustSeptember. (Accessed November 27, 2012, at http://www.mod.gov.tr/en/ SitePages/mod_mei.aspx.) Tri-Star Resources plc, 2012, Summary drilling report for the Göynük property, Turkey: Tri-Star Resources plc, February 14. (Accessed February 22, 2012, at http://www.londonstockexchange.com/exchange/news/market-news/ market-news-detail.html?announcementid=11113911.) Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu [Turkish Statistical Institute], 2012, Gross domestic product, II. Quarter 2012: Ankara, Turkey, Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu press release no. 10895, September 10, 2 p. (Accessed November 26, 2012, at http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=10895.) van Oss, H.G., 2012, Cement: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 38–39. Virta, R.L., 2012, Clays: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2012, p. 44–45. World Steel Association, 2012, Crude steel statistics total 2011: World Steel Association. (Accessed April 5, 2012, at http://www.worldsteel.org/dms/ internetDocumentList/steel-stats/2011/Crude-steel-production-2011/ document/2011 steel updated Feb2012.pdf.)

Turkey—2011 58.5

TABLE 1 TURKEY: PRODUCTION OF MINERAL COMMODITIES1 (Metric tons unless otherwise specified) Commodity METALS Aluminume Antimony: Ore, mine output: Gross weight Sb contente Concentrates:e Gross weight Sb content Bauxite and alumina: Bauxite Alumina, gross weighte Chromium, gross weight (34% to 43% chromic oxide)3 Copper:e Mine output, exclusive of pyrite:4 Gross weight Cu content of ore Metal: Smelter output, primary and secondary Refinede kilograms Gold5 Iron and steel: Iron ore: Gross weight thousand metric tons do. Fe contente Metal: Pig iron and ferroalloys: Cast irone, 6 Pig iron Ferrochromium Ferrosilicone Steel, crude including castings thousand metric tons Lead: Mine output, Pb and Pb-Zn ores: Gross weight Pb content Concentrates:e Gross weight Pb content

2008

2009

2010

65,000

65,000

35,000

60,000

r

60,000

50,357 2,700

24,917 1,400

25,974 650

r

60,000 3,400

10,000 2,400

5,000 1,200

5,400 1,300

r

818,928 160,000 1,885,700

1,473,181 80,000 1,573,993

1,311,064 160,000 1,904,461

r

28,000 1,400

e

5,000 1,200 1,264,933 163,455 1,678,900

2

12,000 3,000 1,500,000 160,000 1,900,000

6,000,000 97,000

30,000 88,000 11,016

25,000 33,000 14,469

r

25,000 47,000 16,890

4,697 2,500

4,170 2,200

5,188 2,700

5,754 3,000

250,000 6,697,000 79,840 4,500 26,809

250,000 6,913,325 41,028 4,000 25,304

250,000 7,676,592 65,000 4,000 29,030

250,000 7,700,000 60,000 4,000 34,000

684,931 32,000

565,374 25,000

599,705 26,000

526,277 23,000

kilograms

55,000 28,000 6,000 42,033 65 185 500 198,000

44,000 22,000 6,000 51,703 -25 500 294,000

45,000 23,000 6,000 141,206 --100 351,600

40,000 21,000 6,000 134,336 --200 363,520

thousand metric tons do.

2,000 230

2,200 250

600,000 200,000

627,870 200,000

2,511 184,041

15,324 482,740

2,068 213,187

4,406,970 2,127,812 1,092,056

4,897,869 2,139,224 1,300,000

3,923,494 1,800,000 1,000,000

30,000 100,000 9,920

e

4,849 2,600

264,808 6,235,537 69,730 5,000 25,760

2

2

6,166,035 100,000

2

r

2

4,806,198 81,000

2

r

6,470,475 105,000

Metal, refinede Manganese ore, gross weight7 Mercury Molybdenum, gross weight Nickel, mine output, Ni contente Silver, mine output, Ag content8 Zinc:e Mine output, Zn and Cu-Zn ore: Gross weight Zn content Concentrates: Gross weight Zn content INDUSTRIAL MINERALS Aluminum sulfate, alunite Barite, crude Boron minerals: Run of mine Concentrates Refined boratese See footnotes at end of table.

2011e

2007

r r

r, 2

1,300 150 362,327 120,000

r r

r, 2 r

e

900 100

5,000,000 80,000 r

r

e

r

r

r r

r r

238,125 80,000

r, 2

2,000 172,618

e

4,442,918 2,200,000 1,400,000

r

r

e

25,000 50,000 25,000

2

600,000 26,000 45,000 23,000 6,000 135,000 --200 450,000

900 100 250,000 80,000 2,000 137,934 6,306,584 2,273,122 1,800,000

2

2 2

58.6 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

TABLE 1—Continued TURKEY: PRODUCTION OF MINERAL COMMODITIES1 (Metric tons unless otherwise specified) Commodity INDUSTRIAL MINERALS—Continued Cement, hydraulic thousand metric tons Clays: Bentonite Kaolin Other Diatomite Emery Feldspar, run of mine Fluorspar thousand metric tons Glass, crudee Graphite, run of mine Gypsum, other than that for cement thousand metric tons Limee, 9 Magnesium, magnesite, run of mine Mica: Illite Other Nepheline syenite Nitrogen, N content of ammoniae Obsidian Olivine Peat Perlite, run of mine Phosphate rock Pumice Pyrites, cupreous, gross weight Quartz and quartzite Sepiolite (meerschaum) and palygorskite (attapulgite)10 Silica (quartz) sand, gross weight Sodium compounds: Salt, NaCl, all types thousand metric tons Soda ash, trona do. Sodium sulfate, concentrates Stone: Basalt Dolomite Granite Limestone, other than for cement thousand metric tons Marble cubic meters Onyx Travertine Strontium minerals, celestite: Run of mine Concentrates Sulfur:e Byproduct: Petroleum Other S content of pyrites Total Talc Titanium minerals, rutile, gross weight Zeolite See footnotes at end of table.

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011e

49,553

51,432

53,973

62,737

63,405

2

1,742,487 914,117 2,871,145 33,135 19,108 6,548,796 -1,900 -3,241,177 4,000 802,406

1,553,588 792,044 3,261,379 62,685 57,722 6,767,500 2,931 2,300 3,236 7,338,127 4,000 677,784

932,487 727,649 2,412,609 27,634 28,198 4,212,547 3,756 1,800 2,400 4,369,589 3,800 861,180

798,397 711,493 4,030,961 18,448 30,000 6,281,597 25,189 2,000 -6,321,891 4,300 2,316,763

r

379,918 1,002,409 4,000,000 20,000 30,000 4,477,993 25,000 2,000 -6,400,000 4,300 2,300,000

2

57,774 3,313 400 -226 145,839 145,403 478,579 1,300 3,995,423 109,100 2,146,969 36,402 4,997,694

61,577 8,392 -50,000 -170,631 113,112 551,266 1,000 3,449,733 116,091 1,762,972 3,724 2,422,587

36,509 4,172 759 100,000 19 168,567 65,315 522,832 1,000 4,322,543 124,130 1,943,877 3,448 4,499,154

35,622 387 1,308 200,000 106 192,394 214,620 545,585 1,100 4,000,000 131,315 2,500,000 16,342 4,022,433

r

2,366 947 1,120,968

2,472 949 961,295

3,768 1,079 4,592,014

4,000 2,000 1,600,603

e

4,115,184 15,672,171 252,354 211,454 2,801,757 5,663 995,065

3,307,107 16,440,257 367,959 207,982 2,262,537 2,145 759,118

1,908,544 11,152,094 324,718 243,184 2,715,601 2,322 1,002,866

20,320,391 15,224,546 239,819 270,441 3,352,070 2,113 879,319

r

e

r

r

2

e

r

r r e r r

r r

r

r r

r r r r

e r r r r

e r

r r r r r r

40,000 -1,300 200,000 100 200,000 200,000 429,776 1,100 4,000,000 130,000 2,500,000 10,000 3,250,000

---

---

---

65,000 20,000 50,000 135,000 12,722 20 104,138

63,000 20,000 55,000 138,000 3,364 20 107,951

45,000 -60,000 105,000 6,887 4,000 141,728

50,000 -60,000 110,000 1,826 1,000 33,813

50,000 -60,000 110,000 2,000 1,000 50,000

r r

2

20,000,000 15,000,000 250,000 270,000 3,500,000 2,000 900,000

2,600 1,600

r

2

4,000 2,000 1,500,000

6,700 4,200

e

2

Turkey—2011 58.7

TABLE 1—Continued TURKEY: PRODUCTION OF MINERAL COMMODITIES1 (Metric tons unless otherwise specified) Commodity 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011e MINERAL FUELS AND RELATED MATERIALS Asphalt, natural -- r 68,247 r 362,435 r 285,362 r 300,000 e 2 40,379 40,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 Carbon black Coal: Hard coal, run of mine thousand metric tons 3,233 3,343 3,774 3,667 5,619 Lignite, run of mine do. 70,606 85,953 82,263 74,437 89,806 do. 3,337 2 4,063 2 4,000 3,900 4,000 Coke and semicokee Gas, natural, marketed thousand cubic meters 287,501 894,667 660,391 625,713 680,000 Petroleum:e Crude thousand 42-gallon barrels 15,000 15,200 17,000 17,800 16,400 Refinery products: Liquefied petroleum gas do. 8,800 8,900 7,200 7,900 8,800 Gasoline do. 33,900 37,700 30,000 33,000 35,000 Naphtha do. 7,200 4,600 3,700 4,000 4,000 Jet fuel and kerosene do. 20,500 22,400 15,900 21,000 25,000 do. 53,000 49,000 35,200 36,600 40,000 Distillate fuel oil11 Lubricants do. 2,100 1,800 1,700 2,200 2,800 Residual fuel oil do. 36,200 31,700 13,800 16,000 19,000 Asphalt do. 13,900 13,600 12,200 16,900 18,000 do. 5,300 2,500 2,600 5,300 3,200 Unspecified12 Total do. 181,000 172,000 122,000 143,000 156,000 e Estimated; estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown. rRevised. do. Ditto. -- Zero. 1 Table includes data available through November 30, 2012. In addition to the commodities listed, large quantities of construction materials (sand and gravel) are quarried. Also mined are diabase, sandstone, serpentine, and slate for building stone; limestone and gypsum for cement manufacture; and cobalt, garnet, iron oxide pigment, and tungsten, but available information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output. 2 Reported figure. 3 Approximately 70% of gross production is salable product. 4 Copper mines produce a copper concentrate (of about 22% Cu) and a cupreous pyrite concentrate (of about 0.7% Cu). Copper is not recovered from the cupreous pyrite concentrate. 5 Data include estimated content of Turkish copper refinery tankhouse slimes. 6 Series formerly carried as pig iron. 7 Does not include manganiferous iron ore from the Deveci Mine, production of which amounts to several hundred thousand metric tons per year and has a manganese content of 3% to 5%. 8 Includes estimated content of base-metals-refinery tankhouse slimes. 9 Estimated sales only. 10 Entry for sepiolite (meerschaum) and palygorskite (attapulgite), which are magnesium aluminum silicates, formerly included only sepiolite production of 170 kilograms (kg) in 2005, 130 kg in 2006, 50 kilograms in 2007, and 50 kilograms in 2008. 11 Diesel fuel (gasoil) and special heating oil. 12 Includes refinery fuel and losses.

2 2

58.8 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

TABLE 2 TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Aluminum, metal Antimony ore Bauxite and alumina: Alumina Bauxite

Major operating companies and major equity owners Eti Alüminyum A.Ş. (Cengiz Holding) Özdemir Antimuan Maden Limited Şti.

Do. Do. Do. Boron: Concentrate and ground ore

Demireller Tarim Madencilik Petrol Sanayi ve Ticaret Limited Şti. Albuck Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş. do.

Do. Do. Do. Do. Refined borates Do. Do. Cement: Gray portland Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. See footnotes at end of table.

Turkey—2011

do. do.

Bigadiç Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Emet Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) do. Kestelek Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Kırka Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Bandırma Bor ve Asit Fabrikalari İşletme Müdürlüğü, (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Emet Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Kırka Bor İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Adana Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 57%] do. Afyon Çimento Sanayii Ticaret A.Ş. (Ciments Français S.A., 77%) Akçansa Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (HeidelbergCement AG, 40%, and Sabancı Holding A.Ş., 40%) do. do. Aslan Çimento A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 97%] AS Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Aşkale Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. do. Bakırçay Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Kars Çimento San. ve Tic. A.Ş., 98%) Bartın Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Sanko Holding A.Ş.) Baştaş Çimento Sanayii A.Ş. (Vicat Group, 85%) Batıçim Batı Anadolu Çimento Sanayii A.Ş. (Orascom Construction Industries, 23%) Batısöke Söke Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Batıçim Batı Anadolu Çimento Sanayii A.Ş., 75%) Bolu Çimento Sanayii A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 52%] do. Bursa Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Bursa Çimento Fabrikası A.Ş., 98%) Çimentaş İzmir Çimento Fabrikası Türk A.Ş. (Intercem SA, 67%, and Cementir Holding SpA, 29%) do.

Location of main facilities Smelter at Seydisehir, Konya Province Near Turhal, Tokat Province

Annual capacity 65 NA

Refinery at Seydisehir, Konya Province Mines near Madenli, about 25 kilometers south of Seydisehir, Konya Province Mines near Arslankoy, Mersin Province Mine near Cirpi, Mugla Province Mine near Mihaliccik, Eskisehir Province

400 500

Three open pit mines at Bigadic, Balikesir Province Espey Mine, Emet, Kutahya Province

650 500

Hisarcik Mine, Emet, Kutahya Province Kestelek Mine, Bursa Province

500 100

Mine at Kirka, Eskisehir Province

800

Plant at Bandirma, Balikesir Province

100

Boric acid plant, Emet, Kutahya Province

100

Plant at Kirka, Eskisehir Province

600

500 NA NA

Adana, Adana Province

3,400

Iskenderun grinding plant, Iskenderun, Hatay Province Afyon, Afyonkarahisar Province Buyukcekmece plant, Buyukcekmece, Istanbul Province Canakkale plant, about 11 kilometers northwest of Ezine, Canakkale Province Ladik plant, Ladik, Samsun Province Darica plant, Gebze, Kocaeli Province

1,000 550 2,800 3,500 1,050 2,880

Bucak, Burdur Province Trabzon plant, Degirmendere, Trabzon Province Askale, Erzurum Province Poyracik, near Kinik, Izmir Province

6,500 800

Bartin plant, Bartin Province Elmadag, Ankara Province Bornova, Izmir Province

400 1,500 1,600

Soke, Aydin Province

1,300

About 14 kilometers east of Bolu, Bolu Province Ankara grinding plant, Kazan, Ankara Province Kestel, Bursa Province

2,200

Isikkent, Izmir Province

2,600

Trakya plant, Lalapasa, Edirne Province

1,300

720 12

800 2,850

58.9

TABLE 2—Continued TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Cement—Continued: Gray portland—Continued Do. Do. Do.

Major operating companies and major equity owners Çimko Adıyaman Çimento ve Beton Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Çimko Çimento ve Beton Sanayii Ticaret A.Ş.) Çimko Çimento Kahramanmaraş Narlı Fabrikası (Çimko Çimento ve Beton Sanayii Ticaret A.Ş.) Cimpor Yibitaş Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Cimpor Internacional, SGPS, S.A., 99%) do.

Do.

do.

Do.

do.

Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do.

Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Slag See footnotes at end of table.

do. do. Çimsa Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Sabancı Holding A.Ş., 47%) do. do. do. do. Denizli Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (CRH plc, 50%, and Eren Holding A.S., 50%) Elazığ Çimento A.Ş. (Kars Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş., 93.55%; Cimentas A.Ş., 6.17%; Bakırçay Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş., 0.27%) Ereğli Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 50%] Göltaş Göller Bölgesi Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Sadecib S.A., 34%, and Göl Yatırım Holding A.Ş, 28%) Kars Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Cimentas A.Ş., 58%, and Alfacem Srl, 40%) Konya Çimento Sanayii A.Ş. (Vicat Group, 81%) Lafarge Van Çimento A.Ş. (Lafarge S.A., 99.99%) Limak Kurtalan Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Limak Şirketler Grubu) do. do. Limak Madencilik Yapı Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Limak Şirketler Grubu) Limak-Istaç Inşaat Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Mardin Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 56%] Nuh Çimento Sanayi A.Ş. (Nuh Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş., 43%) Set Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Set Çimento Group) do. do. do. Traçim Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Soyak Holding A.Ş. and TBS Taşıma Beton A.Ş). Ünye Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 51%, and Nuh Çimento Sanayi A.Ş., 39%] KarÇimsa Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Akçansa Çimento Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.)

Location of main facilities About 18 kilometers southwest of Adiyaman, Adiyaman Province Narli plant, Narli, Kahramanmaras Province Corum plant, Corum, Corum Province Hasanoglan grinding plant, Hasanoglan, Ankara Province Nevşehir grinding plant, Kalaba, Nevsehir Province Samsun grinding plant, about 6 kilometers west of Samsun, Samsum Province Sivas plant, Sivas, Sivas Province Yozgat plant, Saraykoy, Yozgat Province Ankara grinding plant, Lalahan, Ankara Province About 20 kilometers northwest of Eskisehir, Eskisehir Province Near Agirnas, Kayseri Province Mersin plant, Yenitaskent, Mersin Province Nigde plant, Nigde, Nigde Province About 5 kilometers northwest of Kaklik, Denizli Province Elazig, Elazig Province Karadeniz Eregli plant, Kemer, Zonguldak Province About 15 kilometers north-northwest of Isparta, Isparta Province Bozkale, Kars Province

Annual capacity 1,350 3,300 950 725 300

e

300

e

615 800 230 1,800 1,000 2,300 1,200 2,500 900 300 2,900 600

Konya, Konya Province Edremit, Van Province Sanliurfa plant, about 14 kilometers north-northwest of Sanliurfa, Sanliurfa Province Gaziantep plant, Gaziantep (Sehit Kamil), Gaziantep Province Kurtalan plant, Kurtalan, Siirt Province Ergani plant, Ergani, Diyarbakir Province

1,600 600 1,400

Bitlis plant, Bitlis Province About 6 kilometers northeast of Mardin, Mardin Province Hereke, Kocaeli Province Ambarli grinding plant, Buyukcekmece, Istanbul Province Ankara plant, Ankara, Ankara Province Trakya plant, Pinarhisar, Kirklareli Province Balikesir, Balikesir Province Evrencik, Vise, Kirklareli Province

525 2,000

Unye, Ordu Province Karabuk, Karabuk Province

1,400 1,140 1,400

5,817 1,200 1,300 800 500 2,000 2,600 200

58.10 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

TABLE 2—Continued TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Cement—Continued: White Do. Coal: Anthracite Do. Do. Do. Do. Lignite1 Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Copper: Concentrate, Cu content Do.

Do.

Major operating companies and major equity owners Adana Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. [Ordu Yardımlaşma Kurumu (OYAK) Çimento Grubu, 57%] Çimsa Çimento Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Sabancı Holding A.Ş., 47%) Armutçuk Taskömürü Isletme Müessesesi [Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (T.T.K.)] (Government) Amasra Taskömürü Isletme Müessesesi [Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (T.T.K.)] (Government) Karadon Taskömürü Isletme Müessesesi [Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (T.T.K.)] (Government) Kozllu Taskömürü Isletme Müessesesi [Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (T.T.K.)] (Government) Üzülmez Taskömürü Isletme Müessesesi [Türkiye Taşkömürü Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (T.T.K.)] (Government) Bursa Linyitleri İşletmesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Çan Linyitleri İşletmesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Ege Linyitleri İşletmesi Müessesesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Garp Linyitleri İşletmesi Müessesesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Güney Ege Linyitleri İşletmesi Müessesesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Ilgın Linyitleri İşletmesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Seyitömer Linyitleri İşletmesi Müessesesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Yeniköy Linyitleri İşletmesi Müdürlüğü [Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu (TKI)] (Government) Çayeli Bakir İşletmeleri A.Ş. (Inmet Mining Corp., 100%) Eti Bakir A.Ş. (Cengiz Holding, 100%)

do.

Do. Do. Anode (blister) Cathode Do. Ferrochrome, high-carbon

Park Elektrik Üretim Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.Ş. Demir Export A.Ş. (Koç Holding A.Ş.) Karadeniz Bakır İşletmeleri (KBI) (Cengiz Holding) Sarkuysan Elektrolitik Bakır San. ve Tic. A.Ş. Er-Bakir Elektrolitik Bakır Mamulleri A.Ş. Eti Krom A.Ş. (Yildrim Holding A.Ş.)

Fertilizer: Ammonium nitrate Diammonium phosphate Do. Do. Mono-ammonium phosphate Gold, ore, kilograms Au content Do. do.

Kütahya Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. (Yildiz Yatirim Holding A.Ş.) Samsun Gübre Fabrikası [Türkiye Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. (TÜGSAŞ)] Ege Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. Istanbul Gubre Sanayi A.Ş. (IGSAŞ), (Yildiz Yatirim Holding A.Ş.) Ege Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. Koza Altın İşletmeleri A.Ş. (ATP İnşaat ve Ticaret A.Ş., 60%, and Koza İpek Holding A.Ş., 40%) do.

Do. do. See footnotes at end of table.

do.

Location of main facilities Adana, Adana Province Mersin plant, Yenitaskent, Mersin Province Armutcuk Mine, Kandilli, Zonguldak Province Amasra Mine, Amasra, Bartin Province

Annual capacity 325 1,000 400 300

Karadon Mine, Kilimli, Zonguldak Province Kozlu Mine, Kozlu, Zonguldak Province

600

Uzulmez Mine, Asma, Zonguldak Province

500

Bursa lignite facility, Orhaneli, Bursa Province Can lignite facility, Can, Canakkale Province Soma Mine, Soma, Manisa Province Tuncbilek mining center, Tavsanli, Kutahya Province South Aegean lignite facility, Yatagan, Mugla Province Ilgin lignite facility, Ilgin, Konya Province Seyitomer lignite facility, Seyitomer, Kutahya Province Yenikoy lignite facility, Oren (Milas), Mugla Province Cayeli Mine, near Cayeli, Rize Province Kastamonu Kure facility (three open pit mines and one underground mine), 50 kilometers north of Kastamonu, Kastamonu Province Murgul facility (three open pit mines, including the Anayatak and the Çakmakkaya Mines), Murgul, Artvin Province Siirt Madenkoy Lahanos Mine, Giresun Province KBI smelter, Tekkekoy, Samsun Province Darica, Kocaeli Province Denizli, Denizli Province About 55 kilometers east of Elazig, Elazig Province

e

450

1,000 1,800 10,500 7,000 4,900 300 8,000 8,500

37 23

20

20 4 38 200 200 150

Kutahya, Kutahya Province Tekkekoy, Samsun Province Aliaga, IIzmir Province Korfez, Kocaeli Province Aliaga, Izmir Province Ovacik Mine, Ovacik, Mugla Province

344 227 165 240 130 2,000

Mastra Mine, near Demirkaynak, Gumushane Province Cukuralan Mine

5,000 2,000

Turkey—2011 58.11

TABLE 2—Continued TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Gold, ore, kilograms Au content—Continued Do. do. Do. Do.

do. do.

Do. Iron and steel: Iron ore

do.

Do.

Steel: Crude Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Rolled products Do. Do. Do. Do. See footnotes at end of table.

Major operating companies and major equity owners Koza Altın İşletmeleri A.Ş. (ATP İnşaat ve Ticaret A.Ş., 60%, and Koza İpek Holding A.Ş., 40%) Anagold Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Alacer Gold Corp., 95%, and Lidya Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., 5%) Pomzaexport Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Tüprag Metal Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Eldorado Gold Corp., 100%) do.

Location of main facilities Kaymaz Mine

Annual capacity 600

Copler Mine

6,000

Sardes placer mine, Manisa Province Kisladag Mine, Katranci, Usak Province

NA 7,500

Efemcukuru Mine

4,000

Erdemir Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Ereğli Demir ve Çelik Fabrikalari T.A.Ş.) (Erdemir) Hekimhan Madencilik İthalat İhracat Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Kolin İnşaat Turizm Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.)

Fourteen mines in the Divrigi area, Sivas Province About 22 kilometers northeast of Hekimhan (formerly the Deveci Mine), Malatya Province

2,500

Asil Çelik A.Ş. Bilecik Demir Çelik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Global Yatırım Holding A.Ş., 40%) Çebitaş Demir Çelik Endüstrisi A.Ş. Çelik Makina Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (ÇEMTAŞ) CER Çelik Endüstrisi A.Ş. Çolakoğlu Metalurji A.Ş. Diler Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ege Çelik Endüstrisi Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ekinciler Holding A.Ş.

Plant south of Orhangazi, Bursa Province Bilecik, Bilecik Province

485 240

Aliaga, Izmir Province Bursa, Bursa Province Plant at Bornova, Izmir Province Dilovasi, Kocaeli Province do. Aliaga, Izmir Province About 10 kilometers north of Iskenderun, Hatay Province Aliaga, Izmir Province Karadeniz Eregli, Zonguldak Province

750 174 850 3,200 1,500 2,000 1,000

Aliaga, Izmir Province Istanbul (Gunesli), Istanbul Province About 25 kilometers north of Biga, Canakkale Province Toprakkale, Osmaniye Province Iskenderun, Hatay Province

3,000 1,000 1,500

Aliaga, Izmir Province Marmara Ereglisi, Tekirdag Province Karabuk, Karabuk Province

1,320 1,400 1,500

Cayirova, Kocaeli Province Kirikkale, Kirikkale Province North of Iskenderun, Hatay Province Payas, Hatay Province About 20 kilometers south of Sivas, Sivas Province Iskenderun, Hatay Province Karabuk, Karabuk Province

1,250 60 220 1,100 350

Tekkeköy, Samsun Province Rolling mill south of Orhangazi, Bursa Province Near Gemlik, Bursa Province

1,300 200

Erege Metal Demir Çelik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ereğli Demir ve Çelik Fabrikalari T.A.Ş. (Erdemir) (Ataer Holding A.Ş., 49.29%, and ArcelorMittal, 24.99%) Habaş Sinai ve Tibbi Gazlar Istihsal Endustrisi A.S. (Habaş Topluluğu) İçdaş Demir Çelik Enerji Tersane ve Ulaşım Sanayi A.Ş. do. İlhan Metalurji A.Ş. İskenderun Demir ve Çelik A.Ş. (Isdemir) [Ereğli Demir ve Çelik Fabrikalari T.A.Ş. (Erdemir), 92%] İzmir Demir Çelik Sanayi A.Ş. (IDÇ) Kaptan Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Karabük Demir Çelik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Kardemir) (Kardemir retirement group, 68%, and Kardemir employees, 21%) Kroman Çelik Sanayii A.Ş. Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğü (MKEK) Mega Demir Mamulleri Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. ŞTI Nursan Metalurji A.Ş Sivas Demir Çelik İşletmeleri A.Ş (Sidemir) Tosyalı Demir Çelik Sanayi A.Ş. (Tosyalı Holding A.Ş.) Yazıcı Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Diler Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş.) Yeşilyurt Demir Çelik A.Ş. Asil Çelik A.Ş. Borçelik Çelik Sanayii ve Ticaret A.Ş. (ArcelorMittal and Borusan Holding A.Ş.) Çebitaş Demir Çelik Endüstrisi A.Ş. Çelik Makina Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (ÇEMTAŞ) CER Çelik Endüstrisi A.Ş.

Aliaga, Izmir Province Bursa, Bursa Province Rolling mill at Bornova, Izmir Province

2,000

2

720 3,800

220 4,000

NA 900

1,600 600 230 300

58.12 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

TABLE 2—Continued TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity Iron and steel—Continued: Steel—Continued: Rolled products—Continued Do. Do. Do. Do.

Major operating companies and major equity owners

Çolakoğlu Metalurji A.Ş. Demirsan Haddecilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Diler Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ege Çelik Endüstrisi Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ekinciler Holding A.Ş.

Do. Do. Do.

Erege Metal Demir Çelik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. Ereğli Demir ve Çelik Fabrikalari T.A.Ş. (Erdemir) (Ataer Holding A.Ş., 49.29%, and ArcelorMittal, 24.99%) Habaş Sinai ve Tibbi Gazlar Istihsal Endustrisi A.S. (Habaş Topluluğu) İçdaş Demir Çelik Enerji Tersane ve Ulaşım Sanayi A.Ş. do.

Do.

Intermet A.Ş.

Do.

Do. Do. Do. Do.

İskenderun Demir ve Çelik A.Ş. (Isdemir) [Ereğli Demir ve Çelik Fabrikalari T.A.Ş. (Erdemir), 92%] İzmir Demir Çelik Sanayi A.Ş. (IDÇ) Kaptan Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. do. do. Karabük Demir Çelik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Kardemir) (Kardemir retirement group, 68%, and Kardemir employees, 21%) Kar-demir Haddecilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. ŞTI Kocaer Haddecilik Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. ŞTI. (Kocaer Grubu) do. Kroman Çelik Sanayii A.Ş.

Do. Do. Do. Do. Do.

Kürüm Demir Sanayi Dış Ticaret A.Ş. Nursan Haddecilik A.Ş Özefe Demir Sanayi ve Tic A.Ş. (Efesan Demir Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.) Özkan Demir Sanayi A.Ş. Sivas Demir Çelik İşletmeleri A.Ş (Sidemir)

Do. Do.

Sözer Demir Çelik A.Ş. Yazıcı Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Diler Demir Çelik Endüstrisi ve Ticaret A.Ş.) Yeşilyurt Demir Çelik A.Ş. Boru Hatları İle Petrol Taşıma A.Ş. (Botaş) (Government)

Do. Do.

Do. Do. Do. Do. Do.

Location of main facilities

Annual capacity

Dilovasi, Kocaeli Province do. do. Aliaga, Izmir Province About 10 kilometers north of Iskenderun, Hatay Province Aliaga, Izmir Province Karadeniz Eregli, Zonguldak Province

750 NA 800 1,200 1,100

Aliaga, Izmir Province Istanbul (Gunesli), Istanbul Province About 25 kilometers north of Biga, Canakkale Province Two rolling mills, Istanbul, Istanbul Province Iskenderun, Hatay Province

NA 1,500 1,500

Aliaga, Izmir Province Marmara Ereglisi, Tekirdag Province Corlu, Tekirdag Province Karabuk, Karabuk Province do.

900 700 200 100 700

Aliaga, Izmir Province do. Denizli, Denizli Province Bar and profile mill at Cayirova, Kocaeli Province Gebze, Kocaeli Province Payas, Hatay Province Bar mills at Alibeykoy, Istanbul Province Aliaga, Izmir Province About 20 kilometers south of Sivas, Sivas Province Aliaga, Izmir Province Karabuk, Karabuk Province

700 600 100 200

400 8,800

600 3,500

445 500 250 500 450 220 1,024

Magnesite, dead-burned Nickel, ore, metal content

Kümaş Kütahya Manyezit İşletmeleri A.Ş. (Zeytinoğlu Holding A.Ş.) VTG Nikel Madencilik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.

Nitrogen, N content of ammonia Do. thousand Petroleum, refined products 42-gallon barrels per day Do. do. Do. do.

Istanbul Gubre Sanayi A.Ş. (IGSAŞ) (Yildiz Yatirim Holding A.Ş.)

Tekkekoy, Samsun Province Botas Marmara Ereglisi regasification terminal, Sultankoy, Tekirdag Province Aliaga regasification terminal, Aliaga, Izmir Province Kutahya, Kutahya Province Caldag Mine, about 25 kilometers north of Turgutlu, Manisa Province Korfez, Kocaeli Province

Gemlik Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. [Türkiye Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. (TÜGSAŞ)] Türkiye Petrol Rafinerileri A. Ş. (Tüpras) (Enerji Yatirimlari A.S., 51%)

Gemlik, Bursa Province Izmir refinery, Aliaga, Izmir Province

270 78,650

Izmit refinery, Izmit, Kocaeli Province Kirikkale refinery, Kirikkale, Kirikkale Province

78,650 55,000

Do. Liquefied natural gas Do.

million cubic meters do.

See footnotes at end of table.

Turkey—2011

EgeGas LNG (Çolakoğlu Group, 100%)

do. do.

720 6,500 6,000 185 NA

3

326

58.13

TABLE 2—Continued TURKEY: STRUCTURE OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY IN 2011 (Thousand metric tons unless otherwise specified)

Commodity thousand Petroleum, refined products— 42-gallon barrels per Continued day do. Do.

Major operating companies and major equity owners Türkiye Petrol Rafinerileri A. Ş. (Tüpras) (Enerji Yatirimlari A.S., 51%)

Location of main facilities Batman refinery, Batman, Batman Province

Ersan Petrol Sanayii A.Ş (Sayer Group, 100%)

Silver, ore Soda ash

Eti Gümüş A.Ş. (Yıldızlar SSS Holding) Eti Soda Inc. [Ciner Grubu, 74%, and Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü (Government), 26%)] Soda Sanayii A.Ş [Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fabrikaları A.Ş. (ŞİŞECAM)] Türkiye Petrol Rafinerileri A. Ş. (Tüpras) (Enerji Yatirimlari A.S., 51%) do. do.

Narli refinery, Narli, Kahramanmaras Province Gumuskoy, Kutahya Province Beypazari trona mine and soda ash plant, Beypazari, Ankara Province Kazanli, Mersin Province Izmir refinery, Aliaga, Izmir Province Izmit refinery, Izmit, Kocaeli Province Kirikkale refinery, Kirikkale, Kirikkale Province Plant at Bandirma, Balikesir Province

metric tons

Do. Sulfur Do. Do. Sulfuric acid Zinc concentrate, Zn content Do. Do. Do.

Bandırma Bor ve Asit Fabrikalari İşletme Müdürlüğü (Eti Maden İşletmeleri Genel Müdürlüğü) (Government) Çayeli Bakir İşletmeleri A.Ş. (Inmet Mining Corp., 100%) Meskan Ölmez Madencilik Harfiyat İnşaat yol Yaprim Petrol Ürünleri İthalat İhracat Nakliye Taahüt San. ve Tic. Silvermet Inc. Dedeman Madencilik Tic. ve San. A.Ş.

Do. Çankkale Madencilik Limited Şti. Do. Elkin Maden Tic. ve San. A.Ş. Do. Seyitoğlu Madencilik A.Ş. e Estimated. Do., do. Ditto. NA Not available. 1 Includes subbituminous coal. 2 Planned expansion. 3 Inactive.

Annual capacity 12,100

1,330

3

198 1,000 1,150 NA NA NA 240

Cayeli Mine, near Cayeli, Rize Province Mines in Hakkari Province

52 20

Iskenderun, Hatay Province The Delikkaya and the Yesil Hisar Cadirkaya Mines, Kayseri Province Koru Mine, Canakkale Province Mines in Hakkari Province do.

12 10 5 NA NA

58.14 u.s. geologicAl survey minerals yearbook—2011

Loading...

The Mineral Industry of Turkey in 2011 - USGS Mineral Resources

2011 Minerals Yearbook Turkey U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey September 2013 The Mineral Industry of Turkey By Philip M. Mo...

405KB Sizes 4 Downloads 17 Views

Recommend Documents

The Mineral Industry of Bolivia in 2013 - USGS Mineral Resources
Jan 13, 2016 - companies as the pending mining bill still had not been enacted ... estimates for 2012 and 2013, the valu

The Mineral Industry of Bolivia in 2012 - USGS Mineral Resources
Nacional de Registro y Control de la Comercialización de. Minerales y Metales, 2013a; Instituto Nacional de Estadístic

The Mineral Industry of Brazil in 2005 - USGS Mineral Resources
and Goias (3.7%) were the major collectors of CFEM; the main municipalities were Parauapebas (56.5%) and .... 2004; intr

The Mineral Industry of Ethiopia in 2013 - USGS Mineral Resources
Jan 6, 2016 - In 2013, the construction sector accounted for 4.6% of the gross domestic product; manufacturing, 3.6%; an

The Mineral Industry of Mongolia in 2003 - USGS Mineral Resources
global metal market prices, exports increased by 14.5% to ... Corp. (CITIC), signed an agreement to form a strategic all

the mineral industry of malaysia - USGS Mineral Resources Program
of the completion of several large infrastructure projects, the construction sector contracted by 1.9% in 2004 (Bank Neg

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2002 - USGS Mineral Resources
Chromium. Clays. Cobalt. Columbium. Copper. Diamond. Diatomite. Feldspar. Fluorspar. Gallium. Garnet. Gemstones. Germani

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2013 - USGS Mineral Resources
Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States (Data Series 140)—This report provides

Mineral Commodity Summaries 2017 - USGS Mineral Resources
Jan 19, 2017 - The leading indexes historically give signals several months in advance of major changes in ... PRIMARY M

sulfur - USGS Mineral Resources Program
regulations to be 4 to 5 cents per gallon (Oil & Gas Journal,. 2001b). The petroleum refining industry, however, was con