Primary Health Care: Definition, Elements and Principles

Nursing Exercise

June 11, 2016 By Maria Mona (

Helping the nursing students

Primary health care (PHC) is essential health ( care made universally accessible to individuals and acceptable to them, through full participation and at a cost the community ( and country can afford. It is an approach to health beyond the traditional health care system that focuses on health equity-producing social policy. Primary health-care (PHC) has basic essential elements and objectives that help to attain better health services for all.

Primary health care elements

There are 8 elements of primary-health care (PHC). That listed below1. E– Education concerning prevailing health problems and the methods of identifying, preventing and controlling them. 2. L– Locally endemic disease prevention and control. 3. E– Expanded programme of immunization ( against major infectious diseases. 4. M– Maternal and child health care including family planning. 5. E– Essential drugs arrangement. 6. N– Nutritional food supplement, an adequate supply of safe and basic nutrition. 7. T– Treatment of communicable and non-communicable disease and promotion of mental health. 8. S– Safe water and sanitation.

1. Expended options of immunizations. 2. Reproductive health needs. 3. Provision of essential technologies for health. 4. Health ( promotion. 5. Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. 6. Food safety and provision of selected food supplements.


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Behind these elements lies a series of basic objectives that should be formulated in national policies in order to launch and sustain primary healthcare (PHC) as part of a comprehensive health system and coordination with other sectors. 1. Improvement in the level of health care of the community ( 2. Favorable population growth structure. 3. Reduction in the prevalence of preventable, communicable and other disease. 4. Reduction in morbidity and mortality rates especially among infants and children. 5. Extension of essential health services with priority given to the undeserved sectors. 6. Improvement in basic sanitation. 7. Development of the capability of the community aimed at self-reliance. 8. Maximizing the contribution of the other sectors for the social and economic development of the community. 9. Equitable distribution of health care (– according to this principle, primary care and other services to meet the main health problems in a community must be provided equally to all individuals irrespective of their gender, age, and caste, urban/rural and social class. 10. Community participation-comprehensive healthcare relies on adequate number and distribution of trained physicians, nurses, allied health professions, community health workers and others working as a health team and supported at the local and referral levels. 11. Multi-sectional approach-recognition that health ( cannot be improved by intervention within just the formal health sector; other sectors are equally important in promoting the health and self- reliance of communities. 12. Use of appropriate technology- medical technology should be provided that accessible, affordable, feasible and culturally acceptable to the community. More questions related this topic: 1. What is primary health care system? 2. Discuss about 8 essential elements of primary health-care. 3. Primary Health Care Definition, Goal, Principles and Strategies. 4. Components of primary health care world health organization. 5. Health education in primary health care a perspective. 6. Pillars of primary health care. 7. Primary health care concepts and principles. 8. Principles and elements of primary health-care.

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Salisu Ibrahim Birnin Kudu · Staff at Jigawa State School of Nursing Birnin Kudu good enouth Like · Reply ·

1 · Dec 21, 2016 4:03am

Muftah Alwraad · Al-Arab Medical University Please I need this information how can i get your information Like · Reply ·

1 · Dec 27, 2016 1:41am

Md Rashidul Islam Sheikh · PhD Fellowship at NIDA Effective delivery of PHC at community level and it mechanism along with data should be provided for the accademicians.. Like · Reply ·

2 · Jan 28, 2017 9:18am

Ntsako Mafumo · Operational Manager at Makhuva clinic For the first time I noticed how to easliy recall each and every essential ELEMENTS of PHC, Im impresssed. Like · Reply ·

3 · Feb 7, 2017 1:00am

Hajmal Tiribe · Executive Director at Hajmal Enterprises Oooh, ELEMENTS! Like · Reply · Sep 11, 2017 10:09am

Mark Lekutit · Training facilitator at North Coast Medical Training College nice one helping me in my teaching Like · Reply · Mar 9, 2017 6:05am

Joseph Garang Ajou · At hospital at Hospital Administration Student at JIHS Like · Reply ·

1 · Mar 18, 2017 5:06am

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Maria Khatun Mona is a nursing expert. She is doing her duty as a registered nurse at Apollo Hospital Dhaka. She has great passion on writing different articles about nursing. Mail her at [email protected] (mailto:[email protected])

siaosi says July 12, 2016 at 12:19 pm (

I am glad that primary health care is universally accessible to everyone. I would like to be able to heal my kinds whenever they get sick. It looks like from all of these elements that they are really reliable. Reply (

Frank Temu says December 13, 2016 at 9:03 am (

This session have been explained good! & Language used is simple. Thanks. Reply (

Inam ullah says December 30, 2016 at 4:13 am (

it is really a nice effort Reply (

egbe Christopher ojobo says April 30, 2017 at 10:27 am (

is like only me that the primary health care favour me because their is no favoritism and tribalism inside. Reply (

jack abhay (http://google) says May 26, 2017 at 4:59 am (

nice topics and more educating Reply (

Ake Al says May 31, 2017 at 12:37 pm (

What is the difference between Pilar’s and principle of primary health care. Reply (

Olivier says August 7, 2017 at 11:28 pm (

Thankyou so much for this information am so done with my assignment and learnt alot thank you obce more. Reply (

Christine says October 2, 2017 at 3:18 pm (

Thax 4 everything but wat are the policies of primary health care Reply (

Jeremy Thompson says October 10, 2017 at 2:26 am (

It’s pretty great to learn about this primary health care. It’s amazing that it covers everything from education to safe water and sanitation. I’d be sure to read more into this and see if I’m applicable for one too. Thanks for the insightful read! Reply (

Maria Mona says November 9, 2017 at 3:53 pm (

Wc Reply (

LUVALUKA RONALD says November 17, 2017 at 12:37 am (

Have learnt alot from this page! Reply (

Birungi Leonard. Uganda says January 18, 2018 at 4:49 am (

the language used is understandable.the phrases are clear.i enjoyed reading it. Reply (

Bwambale Benson says January 25, 2018 at 12:05 pm (

Simpler to understand and implement Reply (

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Primary Health Care: Definition, Elements and Principles

Nursing Exercise June 11, 2016 By Maria Mona ( Helping the nursing students Primary health care (PHC) is e...

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