Learn Urdu Through English

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Learn Urdu through English

ACADEMICS'S

Learn Urdu Through English

ACADEMICS (INDIA) PUBLISHERS NEW DELHI-110008 (INDIA)

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Learn Urdu through English

Learn Urdu through English

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Published by

ACADEMICS (INDIA) PUBLISHERS 508, Rattan Jyoti Building 18-Rajendra Palace, New Delhi-110008 (INDIA) Tel. : 25742171, 25812181 Fax: 91-11-25722671 E-mail: [email protected] OUR USA OFFICE 230 Fifth Avenue, Suite 615 New York, NY 10001 ©PUBLISHERS

Academic books are protected by international copyight laws All rights are reserved. The copyright of all materials in this book except where otherwise stated, remains the property of the publisher. No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means for whatever purpose, without the written permission of Academic (India) Publisners

Second Edition 2015

Price Rs. 60.00 Printed at: Star Offset Printers, New Delhi

About the Book This book in your hand is an easy way to learn Urdu through English. A native speaker of English language is presumably aware of at least the basics of English grammar like sentence structure, grammatical function of English words, and very importantly the sound system. By and large, same ingredients or components of leaning a language like Urdu are required. Put very simply, a few techn ical things are distinctively remarkable to differentiate a particular language like Urdu from other languages of the world where English is not an exception. Primarily, language acquisition marks the following which are absolutely.unavoidable while learning or thinking of any language of the world: 1.

Script (Orthography)

2.

Grammatical Function of Words (Syntax)

3.

Vocabulary (Morpho-phonemic)

4.

Sound System (Phonology)

5.

Production of Sounds (Speech Mechanism/ Phonetics or the Physical Nature of Sounds)

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Learn Urdu through English

Efforts have been made to incorporate these highly technical issues very precisely while learning Urdu through English. Selection of Urdu vocabulary has been taken from daily affairs; phonetically transliterated Urdu words are very close to the English sounds and a comparative approach has been made to the understanding of Urdu grammar through English grammar. Nevertheless, grammatical approach to the learning of a language througt another language remains the same. A noun word of any language works as a noun in a sentence. Be it any language of the world including Urdu. Having a short discussion on the learning of Urdu, I am confident that readers will enjoy learning a language like Urdu through English. Any comments, suggestions or criticism from the readers will be of great help for the improvement of the next edition of the book.

Dr. Madani Mohiuddin Ahmad

Learn Urdu through English

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Contents About the Book Sounds of English - Urdu Alphabets Nouns, Singular and Plural, English - Urdu Subject Pronouns : English - Urdu Action Present Verbs : English - Urdu Action Past Verbs : English - Urdu Action Fture Verbs : English - Urdu Adverbs : English - Urdu Prepositions : English - Urdu Gender : Nouns and Pronouns : English - Urdu Most Common Vocabulary : English - Urdu Sentences of Questions Key to Pronunciation Grammatical Explanations Numbers Weights and Measures EVERYDAY LIFE Greetings Introductions Personal Particulars Short Questions and Answers Polite Phrases Learning the Language Orders Public Notices Time and Weather Days of the Week

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Months of the Year Seasons In Town Public Buildings TRAVELLING At a Travel Agency At the Customs By Plane By Train By Car Renting a Car By Car (Services and Breakdowns) By Ship Means of Transport in Town HOTEL The Arrival Your Stay The Breakfast Your Departure Bars and Restaurant Restaurant The Table Cooking Terms Condiments Eggs Meat Fish and Seafood Vegetables Fruits and Desserts Drinks

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Learn Urdu through English SHOPPING At the Bookshop-Newsagent At the Chemists's Shop At the Department Stores Clothes and Accessories Materials Colours Shoe shop Photographic Shop Optician's Shop Florist's Shop Tobacconist's Shop Hairdresser's Shop LEISURE Museums and other Places of Interest Entertainment Concerts Theatre Cinema On the Beach/At the Swimming Pool Camping Sports USEFUL SERVICES Bank Post Office Telephone Health Doctor's Clinic Dentist's Clinic

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Learn Urdu Through English

Phonentically Transleterated Sounds of Urdu Alphabets

Easy way to Pronunciation

Urdu Alphabet

English Sound

Very important to note that one can learn the proper pronunciation of Urdu by imitating sounds produced by a speaker of Urdu or by listening and repeating Urdu sounds from electronic sources. Careful listening will help improve the understanding of acoustic nature of different sounds of Urdu. Following is a si m p l ifi ed w ay a n d g u i d e to p ro n ou n c e t he transliterated Urdu phones:-

          

a

(n) apple

 

b

(n) book



p

(adj/n) poor

t

(n) tea

  

t

train



th

(v) think



j

(n) jam



ch

(n) Church

 

h

(n) house

 

kh d

 (n) deer

  

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              

d

(n) donkey



dh





r

(n) red

 

r





z

(n) zink



zh



s

(n) son

sh

(n) sheep

    

s

(n) son



z

(a) zebra





t





z





a





gh





f

(n) fool



             

a



   

k

(n) kite

g

(v) go

l

(n) life

m

(n) man

  

n

(adj) nice



v, o or û

(adj) voice

  

h

(n) hall



h

(n) home



vowel



y, i

(n) yalk

 

ai or e

vowel





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Numbers / adaad /

Noun : Singular and Plural

 

English Noun

Urdu Noun



1

one

aik

  

Nouns

ism

2

two

do



my car

mery kaar

  

3

three

teen



green car

sabz kaar

 

4

four

char



three cars

teen kaar

  

5

five

panch

 

car garage

kaar gueyraj

   

6

six

cheh



outside the car

kaar ke bahar

    

7

seven

saat



8

eight

aath



9

nine

no



my book

meri kitab

  

10

ten

das



my books

meri kitabe'n

 

Urdu Plural

English Plural Plural

my daughter our daughters

jama

meri beti hamari betiya'n



    

14

15 mujhe sardi lagi

I'm cold

hai hame'n sardi lagi

we're cold

 

They

 

Me

hai

   

main/

us ke murgh

 

their chicken

un ke murgh



Urdu Pronoun

That

keh



These

ye



Those

woh



I

main



You

tau, tum,



singular & plural both

You

tu, tum, aap



  

singular, man

Him

un ke

  

singular, woman

Her

on ki



Plural, for men &

   

singular

hum

women

 

Object Pronoun

aap

We

    

yeh

Zameer

wo (aurat)

women

This

Pronouns

She

Singular, man or

Ishaarati

Ism-e-

wo (mard)

she

Demonstrative

Subject

He

Plural, he and

mujhey

his chicken

English Pronoun

wey (jama)

Us

hamara

Singular and plural, male or female Singular, male Singular, female Plural, male and female

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Them

My Your

17 un ke

plural, men or women, names

teyre, aap ka

His

un ka

Her

un ki

Our

hamara un ke

Mine

meyra

Yours

teyre, tumhara, aap ka

His

un ka

Hers

unki

Ours

hamarey

                

plural or singular men or women, names

unkey

Theirs

unki

Possessive Pronouns Singular, man or mayra  woman tumhara,

Their



 

Active Present Verbs Present Verbs

Jaari Zamana

Singular, male

I speak.

main bolta hoon

Singular, female

I write.

main likhta hoon

I drive.

main chalata hoon

I love.

main mohabbad karta hoon

I give.

main daita hoon

I smile.

main muskurata hoon

I take.

main laita hoon

Plural, male and female plural male, female names or persons singular male singular or plural males or females

singular, female plural, males or females plural male, names

plural female, male names

He speaks.

wo bolta hai

He writes.

wo likhta hai

He drives.

wo chalata hai

He loves.

wo mohabbat karta hai

                                           

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We speak.

hum boltey hain

We write.

hum likhtey hain

We drive.

hum chalate hain

We love.

hum muhabbat karte hain

                         

We give.

hum daite hain

We smile. We take.

He gives.

wo daita hai

He smiles.

wo muskurata hai

He takes.

wo laita hai

I drove.

main ne chalaya

I loved.

main ne mohabbat ki

I gave.

main ne diya

I smiled. I took.

main muskuraya main ne liya

He spoke.

woh bola

He wrote.

us ne likha

   

He drove.

us ne chalaya

hum muskurate hain

  

He loved.

us ne mohabbat ki

hum laite hain

   

He gave.

us ne diya

He smiled.

Action past Verbs English Verbs

Urdu Verbs

Verbs

fa'eel

Past

maazi

I spoke.

main boola

I wrote.

main ne likha

     

wo muskuraya

He took.

us ne liya

We spoke.

hum boley

We wrote.

hum ne likha

We drove.

hum ne chalaya

We loved.

hum ne mohabbat ki

                                       

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We gave.

hum ne diya

We smiled. We took.

hum muskuraye hum ne liya

       

Action Future Verbs Future Verbs

Faail Mustaqbil

I will speak.

main boolunga

I will write.

main likhunga

I will drive.

main chalaunga

I will love.

main mohabbat karoonga

I will give.

main doonga

I will smile.

main muskuraounga

I will take.

main loonga

He will speak.

woh bolega

He will write.

woh likhega

He will drive.

woh chalayega

He will love.

woh mohabbat karega

           

He will give.

woh de ga

He will smile.

woh muskurayega

He will take.

woh ley ga

We will speak.

hum bolengey

We will write.

hum likhengey

We will drive.

hum chaleyenge

We will love.

hum mohabbat karengey

We will give.

hum dengey

                  

We will smile.

hum muskurayengey

      

     

We will take.

hum lengey

 

             

Adverbs

English Urdu Adverbs muta'alliq afaal



I read a book sometimes main kabhi kabhar aik kitaab padhta hoon

       I will never smoke main kabhi bhi cigrette nahi piyoonga

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    Are you alone? kya tum akeley ho?

   English Prepositions Prepositions Inside the house Outside the care

Huroof-e-Jaar makaan ke ander

    

English Prepositions About

se mutallalliq

Above

balaai

Across

ke paar

After

ke baad

Against

bar-aks

Among

main se ke ird gird

makaan ke bahar

   

Around

With me

merey saath

As

joonhi, taake, jaisa ke,

Without me Under the table After tomorrow Before sunset

un ke baghair

At

main, per, se, ke taraf

mez ke neechey

  

Before

ke saamney, pahle

kal ke baad



Behind

aqbi, peechey

Below

ke neechey

Beneath

ke neechey

But I'm busy

ghuroob aaftaab se pahley lekin main masroof hoon

  

Beside Between

ke alawa ke darmiyaan

                          

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Beyond

25

doosri taraf, us paar

But

magarl lekin

By

paas, qareeb, zariye se, baqadar

Despite

ke bawajood

Down

neechey

During

ke dooraan

Except

ke alawa

For From

babat, baraye sey

In

main

Inside

ander

Into

ke ander

Near

ke qareeb

Next

aglaa

Of

ke or kaa

On

ulat

                                       

Opposite Out Outside Over

ulat bahar bairooni hissey khatam

Per

fee

Plus

masaawi

Round

gool

Since

jab se

Than

ba-muqabla

Through

mein se

Till

ab tak, tab tak

To

ko

Toward

ki jaanib

Under

ke neechey

Unlike

ke bar-aks

Until Up

jab tak ke ooper

                                  

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Via

ke zariye

With

ke saath

Within

ke ander, dakhil

Without

ke baghair

Two words

do alfaaz

According to

ke mutabiq

Because of

ki wajah se

Close to

ke qareeb

Due to

ki wajah se

Except for

ke alawa, ko chhod kar

Far from

se door

Inside of

ke ander, daakhli

Near to

ke bajaye

Next to

ke baad

Outside of

ke bahar

Prior to

se pahle

                               

Prepositional Phrase of Three Worlds As far as

jahan tak

As well as

jaisa ke

In addition to

ke alawa

In front of

ke samney

In spite of

ke bawajood

On behalf of

ke badley

On top of

ke ooper

          

Gender : (Male/Female) Urdu grammatical gender of nouns is one of two: a noun may be masculine or it may be feminine, and there is no neutral option. Moreover, masculine is the defautl grammatical gender and a word does not have to have anything special in order to reflect this. Femininity, on the other hand, is not default and a noun would have to have something special to reflect this gender.

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Example:

Brother (m)

Ahmad (male) writes (male)

 

Sister (f)

behan

 

Uncle (m)

chacha

Aunt (f)

khala,

ahmad likhta hai

Lubna (female) writes (female) lubna likhti hai

phoophi, chachi

Gender : Male (m) and Female (f) English Feminine

Urdu moan-nas

He is happy (m)

wo khush hai

She is happy (f) He is American (m) She is American (f)

wo khush hai wo americki hai wo americki hai

Man (m)

aadmi

Woman (m)

aurat

Father (f)

walid

Mother (f)

maa / walidah

bhai

           

Bull (m)

bail

Cow (f)

gaye

Bow (m)

ladka

Girl (f)

ladki

   

Most Common Vocabulary English Vocabulary Objects

    

    

Bathroom Bed

Urdu Vocabulary ashyaa ghusal khana bistar

Bedroom

khawaabgaah

Ceiling

androoni chhat

          

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Chair

kursi

Clothes

libaas

Coat

kot

Cup

kap

Desk

maiz

Dress

libaas

Floor

farash

Fork (for eating)

kaanta, (khane ke lye)

Furniture

farniture

Glass

sheesha

Hat

chhajje daar toopi

House

makaan

Ink

siyaahi

Jacket

jaiket

Kitchen

bawarchi khaana

Knife

chhuri

Lamp

laltain

                              

Letter

khat, murasla

Map

naqsha

Newspaper

akhbaar

Notebook

notebook

Pants

patloone'n

Paper

kaghaz

Pen

qalam

Pencil

pencil

Pharmacy

dawakhana

Picture

tasweer

Plate

tashtari

Refrigerator

refrigerator

Restaurant

ta'aamgaah

Roof Room Rug

chhat kamrah moose, rui ka ghaleecha

                      

32

Scissors

33

qainchi

Shampoo

shampoo

Shirt

qameez

Shoes

jootey

Soap

saabun

Socks

juraabe'n

Spoon

chamcha

Table

meyz

Toilet

letreen, baitul khala

Toothbrush

tooth brush

Toothpaste

tooth paste

Towel

tooliya

Umbrella

chhatri

Underwear

zair jaama

Wall

deewaar

Wallet

batwa

Window

khirki

                          

Telephone telephone  Urdu adjectives like English modifier the quality of nouns or pronouns. In case of Urdu, the sound pattern of adjectives usually changes while English doesn't. Example: That girl is beautiful

  

wo ladki khoobsurat hai

  

The boy is good wo ladka achha hai

  adjective 'good' (in urdu is pronounced as 'achhi'    In case of female noun 'girl'

English

Urdu

Adjectives

Adjectives

Adjectives

ism-e-sifat



A green tree

aik hara darakht

      

A tall building

aik oonchi imarat

    

34

35

A very old man The old red house A very nice friend

aik umar raseeda aadmi puraana lal ghar aik ziyada pasandeeda dost

English Questions

                Urdu Questions

sawalaat



How?

kaisa?



What?

kya?



Who?

koon?



Why?

kyoon?



kub?

 

Questions

Where?

Sentences of Questions English Questions

Urdu Questions

Where is he?

woh kahan hai?

What is this? Why are you sad? How do you want to pay?

yeh kya hai?

Can I come?

aap kyon udaas hain? aap adayegi kaisey karna chahte hain? kya main aa sakta hoon?

Is he sleeping?

kya woh so raha hai?

Do you know me?

kya aap mujhe jantey hain?

Do you have

kya aapke paas

my book?

meri kitaab hai?

How big is it?

ye kitna bada hai?

                               

36

Can I help you? Can you help me?

kya main aapki madad kar sakta hoon? kya aap meri madad kar saktey hain?

Do you speak English?

aap angrezi boltey

How far is this? What time is it? How much is this? What is your name? Where do you live?

ye kitna door hai?

hain?

kya waqt huwa hai?

                  

ye kitna hota hai?

  

aap ka naam kya

   

hai? aap kahan rehtey hain?



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Learn Urdu Through English

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