30. July 2017
Learn Marathi In 30 Days Through Telugu Pdf Free Download Learn Tamil online through English - Lesson 1. Tamil is one of the ancient languages of the world. Over 8. 0 million people around the world speak Tamil. There are significantly large communities of Tamil speakers in Mauritius and South Africa, as well as groups of. Tamil speaking emigrants living in Canada, Australia, USA and in many western European countries. Tamil. Cube's Tamil Online Programme mainly developed for those who want to learn Tamil as a second language. Download Free Excel Templates, Chart Templates, Tutorials, Help Workbooks and Spreadsheets from Pointy Haired Dilbert one of the finest and most exhaustive. Marathi people - Wikipedia. The Marathi people (Marathi: . The community came in to political prominence in the 1. Maratha warriors under Shivaji Maharaj established the Maratha Empire, which is credited to a large extent for ending the Mughal rule. The Vakataka dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the 3rd century to the 5th century. The Rashtra kuta Dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the 8th to the 1. Learn Hindi with Rosetta Stone®. Learn to speak Hindi with our language-learning software. It's a fun & fast way to learn Hindi! Marathi documents, articles, scriptures, poems in ITRANS and devanagari and Marathi Learning Resources. Book 2 Learn fast and easily with the language course Telugu by "50 languages" Telugu is the native language of approximately 75 million people. It is counted among. The Marathas are credited to a large extent for ending the Mughal rule in India. Shivaji's son Sambhaji and successor as Chhatrapati led the Marathas valiantly against the much stronger Mughal opponent but in 1. Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. Upon Rajaram's death in 1. Tarabai took command of Maratha forces and won many battles against the Mughals. In 1. 70. 7, upon the death of Aurangzeb, the War of 2. Mughals and Marathas came to an end. The empire was expanded by many chieftains including Peshwa Bajirao Ballal I and his descendants, the Shindes, Gaekwad, Pawar, Bhonsale of Nagpur and the Holkars. The empire at its peak stretched from Tamil Nadu in the south, to Peshawar (modern- day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). However, after the Third battle of Panipat in which the Marathas were defeated by Ahmed Shah Abdali, the Empire broke up into many independent kingdoms. Due to the efforts of Mahadji Shinde, it remained a confederacy until the British East India Company defeated Peshwa Bajirao II. Nevertheless, several Maratha states remained as vassals of the British until 1.
Learn English Speaking Online, Free Course, Book and Learning Videos. Dominion of India. The Maratha Navy dominated till around the 1. Areas that correspond to present day Maharashtra were under direct or indirect British rule, first under the East India company and then under British crown from 1. Marathi people during this era resided in the Bombay presidency, Berar, Central provinces, Hyderabad state and in various princely states that are currently part of the present day Maharashtra. Significant Marathi population also resided in Maratha princely states far from Maharashtra such as Baroda, Gwalior, Indore, and Tanjore. The British colonial period saw standardisation of Marathi grammar through the efforts of the Christian missionary William Carey. Carey also published the first dictionary of Marathi in devanagari script. The most comprehensive Marathi- English dictionary was compiled by Captain James Thomas Molesworth and Major Thomas Candy in 1. The book is still in print nearly two centuries after its publication. Notable Civil society bodies founded by Marathi leaders during 1. Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, the Prarthana samaj, the Arya Mahila Samaj and the Satya Shodhak Samaj. The Sarvajanik sabha took active part in relief efforts during the famine of 1. The Sabha is considered the forerunner of the Indian National Congress established in 1. Both belonged to the Non- Brahmin party. Capturing the Ganpati and Shivaji festivals from Brahmin domination were their early goals. Later on in the 1. Jedhe merged the non- Brahmin party with the Congress party and changed that party from an uppercaste dominated body to a more broadly based but also Maratha- dominated party. The southernmost part of Bombay State was ceded to Mysore. From 1. 95. 4 to 1. Maharashtra strongly protested against bilingual Bombay state and Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti, was formed. Joshi, Shripad Amrit Dange, and Pralhad Keshav Atre formed Samyukta Maharashtra Movement with Vidarbha based leaders such as Gopalrao Khedkar to fight for a separate state of Maharashtra with Mumbai as its stae capital. Mass protests, 1. Marathi speaking areas by the ruling Congress party in the 1. Nehru to change their policy and agree to the protesters' demand. On 1 May 1. 96. 0, the separate Marathi- speaking state was formed by dividing earlier Bombay State into the new states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. The city of Mumbai was declared the capital of the new state . The party wanted Goa to merge with Maharashtra because of affinity between Goan hindus and Marathi people. However, in a referendum held on this issue rejected merger. Later on Konkani was made the official language of Goa but Marathi is also allowed in any government correspondence. The 1. 96. 0s also saw the establishment by Bal Thackeray of Shiv Sena, a populist sectarian party advocating the rights of Marathi people in the the heterogeneous city of Mumbai. Early campaigns by Shiv sena advocated for more jobs for Marathi people in government jobs. The party also led a campaign against the city's South india population. By 1. 98. 0s the party captured power on Mumbai Corporation and in the 1. Maharashtra in coalition with the BJP. During this transition from founding to capturing power, the party toned down its rhetoric against Non- marathi people and adopted a more Hindu nationalist stance. Castes and communities. There are several artisan castes such as Lohar (Iron- smith), Aare kshatriya known as Arya kshatriya (Aare, Aare maratha) in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, Sutar (carpenters), Mali ( florists/vegetable farmers & gardener), Kumbhar (potters), Sonar (swarnakar / goldsmiths), Daivadnya Sonar(goldsmiths of temple), Teli (oil pressers), and Nabhik (barbers). These communities fall under the Other Backward Class (OBC) classification. Other communities like the Bhavsars from the Nasik region along with Malis and Koshtis (weavers) from Maharashtra are economically more prosperous than their counterparts from other areas of India. Agri caste – Three major districts of Maharashtra namely Thane, Raigad and Mumbai are shelters of Agri Samaj. Salt making, fishery at the sea coast and farming of rice were the major occupations of this community. Bhandari – Traditional occupation was toddy tapping, Store Keepers, Watchman and as soldiers. Most falls in Middle Class. The four major sub- groups are Deshastha, Karhade, Kokanastha and Saraswat. The community is designated as a Scheduled Caste(CKP) – Traditionally considered to be a well- educated Kshatriya- Brahmin community. They competed with Marathi Brahmins for military and administrative positions under Maratha and British rule. Socially and culturally, the community is close to the Marathi Brahmin community. They are also considered part of the broader Kayastha community. The Holkar rulers of Indore belonged to this community. Today it is classified as a Nomadic Tribe by the Government of India. Gurav – This community traditionally looked after Hindu temples and in some temples are the only temple priests. Mangela Koli – Society Of Mangela is Very Mature Caste in Koli. Is the Sub- Caste Of Koli. Is Belongs From Western Region Of Maharashtra. The etymology of the word Mangela comes from the words Mang, meaning fishing nets in the Marathi language and Ela meaning people. Literally, the word means a Fisherman, and the Mangela Koli are a community of Koli Fishermen. Matang – This community associate with the work of making ropes in villages. For most of the 2. Maratha and the Kunbis were lumped together as one community. Now the Kunbis have been recognised as a separate OBC caste. Ambedkar in converting to Buddhism in the mid 2. Dalit rights. Very close to CKP community. Vanjari- A caste of farmers that is believed to have been migrated from Rajasthan centuries ago. Found in most of Maharashtra but mainly in marathwada. Ramoshi : Mostly performed work related to Watchman, Chatrpati Shivaji's close aid- Bahirjee Naik was of this caste. Wani – Marathi Trader caste. Aare, Arya kshatriya, Aare Kshatriya – A caste of soldiers, pattedars and agriculturist. This Marathi speaking community is originally from Telgu regions and moved from Maharashtra to Telangana During 1. They were settled as police patils and village rulers. Most of the people adopted agriculture is their profession. This community fallow vegetarian diet . Teli - Marathi Trader cast. Non- Hindu communities. Ambedkar in 1. 95. Christians – Portuguese missionaries brought Catholicism to this area during the 1. East Indian Marathi community, who are concentrated in and around Mumbai.
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