introducing - KPMG

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INTRODUCING KPMG TRUE VALUE A tool to connect corporate and societal value creation Companies today are increasingly expected to make a net positive contribution to society. Simply making a profit is no longer enough.

Figure 1 / Three drivers of internalization

Figure 1 / Three drivers of internalization

Population growth

Climate change

Regulations & standards

Population growth

Population growth

Water scarcity

Regulations & standards Climate change

Regulations & standards

$

$

Energy & fuel

REVENUES COSTS RISK

Urbanization

t ke s ar ic M nam dy

Urbanization

$

Wealth

Food security

REVENUES COSTS RISK

St

t ke s ar ic M nam dy

Urbanization Material resource scarcity

t ke s ar ic M nam dy

Material resource scarcity

Wealth

REVENUES COSTS RISK ak ac eho tio ld n er

Energy & fuel

Ecosystem decline

Deforestation

Ecosystem decline

At the same time, the nature of markets is transforming. Food security There is vast profit potential in new industries that create value for society by addressing social and environmental problems, for example smart city technology, circular supply chains and clean energy.

ak ac eho tio ld n er

Energy & fuel

It is not only an expectation from customers, employees, Water scarcity campaigners and the general public. local communities, Wealth Governments and regulators are introducing incentives to make it happen. Think carbon pricing, taxes on unhealthy products, green product standards, clean energy tax breaks, non-financial reporting rules and mandatory investment in social programs.

St

Climate change

The pressure to create value for society as well as for Water shareholders is growing as the impacts of climate scarcity change, population growth, water scarcity and other megaforces become ever more apparent.

The value your company creates, and reduces, for Food security society directly affects your earnings and your risk Deforestation profile. In short, societal value is now inextricably linked with shareholder value. You need to understand what this means for your company. KPMG True Value can help.

St ak ac eho tio ld n er

igure 1 / Three drivers of internalization

ource: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation

Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation

Material resource scarcity

Ecosystem decline

Deforestation

2 | IN TRODUCING KPMG TRUE VALUE

WHAT IS KPMG TRUE VALUE? KPMG True Value is a tool to understand how the value a business creates and reduces for society is likely to affect the value it creates for shareholders. This knowledge provides a new lens for decision-making to improve performance, inform strategy and increase influence. KPMG True Value is a 3-step process that can be applied across sectors and geographies. It is scalable and can be applied to a whole company, a division or a specific project.

STEP 1:

STEP 2:

STEP 3:

Identify the value a company creates and reduces for society through its externalities and express this in financial terms Assess how the internalization of externalities is likely to affect future earnings (through regulation, stakeholder action and market dynamics) Develop business cases that build and protect future value for shareholders by increasing the value created for society

What benefits can KPMG True Value offer my company? Improve performance

Inform strategy

Increase influence

- Reduce existing and avoid future costs - Increase revenues - Engage and mobilize employees - Improve collaboration across functions - Inspire innovation

- Challenge existing strategies (both corporate and sustainability) - Identify risks to future earnings - Provide fact-based, quantitative analysis for building next generation strategies - Build and analyze broader business cases for investments - Improve internal decision-making - Improve sustainability performance of products and services

- Improve the sustainability conversation with investors by talking in financial terms - Enhance collaboration with suppliers and customers - Demonstrate leadership and action in the value creation debate - Enable a fact-based and balanced value creation dialogue with stakeholders - Build an objective base for advocacy and policy dialogue

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.

I N T RO D U C I N G K P MG T RU E VAL U E | 3

WHERE HAS KPMG TRUE VALUE BEEN APPLIED? Cement: Holcim/Ambuja Cement (India) Holcim subsidiary Ambuja Cement used KPMG’s True Value methodology to quantify risks to its future profitability. As a result, Ambuja has identified projects that will benefit society and boost future profitability. Holcim has also applied the KPMG True Value methodology at other subsidiaries and at corporate level.

“True Value has a place in today’s corporate world and it is right at the top. Times have changed but most companies haven’t. In the modern world, it is important that a company broadens its view on the value it brings to the world.” Ajay Kapur, CEO, Ambuja Cement

Finance: private equity (Europe) KPMG True Value has been used at the private equity arm of a global financial institution to quantify social and environmental risks and opportunities at a number of portfolio companies. The analysis has helped the firm identify strategies to reduce risk and build long-term value within its portfolio.

Retail: Kingfisher

(Europe and Asia) Kingfisher is a leading home improvement retailer with 1176 stores in 11 countries. KPMG member firms have provided assurance on Kingfisher’s reporting of its Net Positive initiative which aims to make a positive contribution to people and the environment, while growing a stronger, more profitable business.

Food production and retailing: major food retailer KPMG member firms worked with an international food retailer to quantify the societal value the company creates and reduces through its food products. This analysis has helped the company to develop its corporate responsibility strategy.

Transport: Railway operator (Netherlands) KPMG in the Netherlands has provided True Value analysis of environmental, social and economic impacts for Dutch railway operator NS.

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.

4 | IN TRODUCING KPMG TRUE VALUE

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS How can KPMG True Value help my company?

How do you put a monetary value on externalities?

Applying KPMG True Value can help to improve financial performance, inform strategy planning and increase influence with investors and other stakeholders. See Page 2 for a more detailed summary of the benefits.

We use a variety of financial modelling tools and techniques combined with data sources such as economic impact analysis, and environmental and healthcare economics. KPMG True Value has been developed by corporate finance professionals at KPMG member firms, alongside professionals from sustainability services, to help ensure that the data provided is robust and credible for finance professionals.

What does KPMG True Value offer that other methodologies do not? KPMG True Value focuses on linking societal value with corporate value – i.e. the financial value created for shareholders and the value of companies. It is not only a means to measure and manage the value a company creates for society, but also a tool to understand what that means for its future profit potential. In this way, KPMG True Value provides companies with a value-based decision-making tool.

I am confused by the different initiatives around value and impact. Are they all related? There are a number of methodologies that seek to reach a better understanding of business value. They include, for example, Integrated Reporting, Shared Value and the Natural Capital Coalition. KPMG member firms have developed KPMG True Value to contribute to this ongoing debate. We fully support the various initiatives to reach a standardized methodology over time and are actively involved in many of them, such as the Redefining Value program run by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

Is the purpose of KPMG True Value to generate information for public reporting? No, KPMG True Value is intended primarily as an internal risk assessment and decision-making tool. It helps companies to understand the value they create and reduce for society and how that may affect their future profit potential. Some companies may choose to make some of the information public. In this respect KPMG True Value can provide a new approach to corporate reporting and material for communications and stakeholder engagement, but this is not its sole or primary application.

Can the data provided by the KPMG True Value methodology be assured to ensure credibility? Yes, KPMG member firms have already provided third party assurance on True Value data that our clients have produced.

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.

I N T RO D U C I N G K P MG T RU E VAL U E | 5

KPMG’S TRUE VALUE METHODOLOGY: HOW IT WORKS STEP 1: Identify the value a company creates and reduces for society Figure 2 / A generic ‘true’ earnings bridge

We calculate value forearnings societybridge Figure 2 / A created generic ‘true’ by identifying an organization’s most significant externalities and expressing them in financial terms. KPMG True uses a earnings framework Figure 2 /Value A generic ‘true’ bridgewhich classifies externalities as economic, social or environmental and as either positive (bringing benefits to society) or negative ‘true’ earnings bridge costs on society). (imposing

KPMG framework to identify externalities Economic positive + Taxes; wages paid to workers; Revenue shareholder dividends; loan interest

To express externalities in financial terms, we use a range of financial modeling tools, techniques and data sources.

The ‘true’ earnings bridge illustrates what EARNINGS the company’s ‘true’ earnings would be if all its significant externalities were internalized. By visualizing the company’s ECONOMIC externalities in a ‘true’ earnings bridge, VALUE-ADD EARNINGS you can see where the company is creating, and reducing, the most value for society and where future value creation SOCIAL ECONOMIC initiatives may be directed. EXTERNALITIES EARNINGS VALUE-ADD

We build this information into a ‘true’ earnings bridge which combines the company’s financial earnings with the monetized value of its externalities.

Figure 2 / A generic ‘true’ earnings bridge ECONOMIC VALUE-ADD

EARNINGS

Cost

Earnings Economic Economic Social Social ECONOMIC EARNINGSnegative positive positive negative Figure 2 / A generic ‘true’ earnings bridge VALUE-ADD

ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL EXTERNALITIES EXTERNALITIES

EnvironEnviron‘True’ SOCIAL mental mental ENVIRONMENTAL earnings EXTERNALITIES positive negative EXTERNALITIES

‘TRUE’ EARNINGS

Economic negative -Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation. Figure 2 / A generic ‘true’ earnings bridge Avoided taxes; corruption Revenue

Cost

Earnings

ECONOMIC Economic Social VALUE-ADD negative positive

Economic positive

Social negative

EnvironSOCIAL mental

EXTERNALITIES positive Social positive + Provision of infrastructure; healthcare Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation. or educational benefits to society Revenue

Cost

Earnings

Economic

Economic

Social SOCIAL Environ-

Social

EXTERNALITIES positive negative positive negative mental Social negative positive Low wages; negative health and safety Source: KPMG (2014).damage A New Vision Value: Connecting effects; to of societal health corporate and societal value creation. through pollution

Cost

Earnings

Economic positive

Economic negative

Social positive

Social negative

Environmental positive

Environmental positive + Renewable energy; land stewardship; ). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation. recycling

nomic sitive

Economic negative

Social positive

Social negative

Environmental positive

Environmental negative Greenhouse gases energy use; onnecting corporate and societal valueand creation. waste; ecosystem damage; use of water and raw materials

Environmental negative

ENVIRONMENTAL Environ‘True’ EXTERNALITIES mental earnings negative

Environ‘True’ ENVIRONMENTAL mental earnings EXTERNALITIES negative

Environ‘True’ ENVIRONMENTAL mental earnings EXTERNALITIES negative

‘TRUE’ EARNINGS

EARNI

EARNING

ECONO VALUE

‘TRUE’ EARNINGS

ECONOM VALUE-AD

SOC EXTERNA

‘TRUE’ EARNINGS

SOCIAL EXTERNALI

ENVIRON EXTERNA

‘True’ earnings

‘TRUE’ EARNINGS

Revenue

Cost

ENVIRONME EXTERNALI

Environmental positive Revenue Cost Earnings Economic Economic Social Social Environpositive negative positive negative mental Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation. positive

Revenue

Earnings

Cost

Economic positive

Economic negative

Earnings

Social positive

Economic positive

Social negative

Economic negative

Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation.

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any Source: KPMGto(2014). New Visionfirm. ofAll Value: Connecting other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority obligate orA bind any member rights reserved.

Environmental negative Environmental negative

Social positive

‘True’ earnings ‘True’ earnings

‘TRU EARNI

‘TRUE’ EARNING

Social negative

E

corporate and societal value creation

6 | IN TRODUCING KPMG TRUE VALUE

STEP 2: Understand future earnings risks and opportunities The next step is to understand how a company’s externalities – both positive and negative - might be internalized in the future and what impact that would have on profitability. For example, regulation can increase costs through new taxes, fines or pricing systems or reward companies for their positive impacts. Stakeholder action, such as worker or community protests, can halt or increase the cost of production.

Market dynamics, such as new markets for products and services that create value for society and the environment, can significantly boost profit potential.

In Step 2 of the KPMG True Value methodology, we analyze the company’s most significant externalities. Where the risk of internalization is high, we use financial modeling techniques to assess the potential impact on future earnings.

Figure 3 / Example analysis of internalized externalities

Cost of CO2 emissions through carbon pricing

Lost production caused by labor unrest over pay and working conditions

Increase in cost of raw materials due to resource scarcity

Cost reductions through energy and water efficiency

Profit potential from new goods or services

$

$

EBITDA

Remaining EBITDA

Source: KPMG (2014). Introducing KPMG True Value.

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.

I N T RO D U C I N G K P MG T RU E VAL U E | 7

STEP 3: Develop business cases to build and protect future value In Step 3, we use a Marginal True Value Curve to build and analyze business cases for potential investments. The Marginal True Value Curve shows not only the direct financial returns from an investment but also the likely additional returns from internalized externalities and the value the investment will create for society. This provides a broader, more holistic basis on which to analyze potential investments.

For example, projects which are not viable when assessed on direct financial returns alone, may deliver attractive returns when the likely internalization of externalities is factored in.

N.B. Some companies may have already integrated some form of internalization into their investment decisions, such as factoring in future costs of carbon, landfill taxes or the changing expectations of society. KPMG True Value builds on this and aims to provide a more complete approach to help companies prepare for the future.

The societal value axis of the curve helps companies to prioritize projects that deliver similar financial returns according to the value they create for society, thereby enhancing the company’s own ‘true’ earnings.

Figure 4 / Marginal True Value Curve

Returns from internalization of externalities can transform a negative or break-even investment into positive NPV

NPV ($)

Business case is improved when returns from internalization are taken into account

Societal value (NPV)

Horizontal axis enables value created for society to be brought into the decision-making process

NPV including returns from internalized externalities Direct financial returns

Source: KPMG (2014). A New Vision of Value: Connecting corporate and societal value creation.

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.

To find out more about how KPMG True Value can help your organization, contact your local KPMG member firm professional: Argentina Martin Mendivelzua [email protected]

Finland Tomas Otterström [email protected]

Australia Adrian V. King [email protected]

France Philippe Arnaud [email protected]

Chi Mun Woo [email protected]

Germany Simone Fischer [email protected]

Austria Peter Ertl [email protected]

Greece George Raounas [email protected]

Azerbaijan Vugar Aliyev [email protected]

Hungary István Szabó [email protected]

Baltics Gregory Rubinchik [email protected]

India Santhosh Jayaram [email protected]

Belgium Mike Boonen [email protected]

Indonesia Iwan Atmawidjaja [email protected]

Brazil Ricardo Zibas [email protected]

Ireland Eoin O’Lideadha [email protected]

Bulgaria Emmanuel Totev [email protected]

Israel Oren Grupi [email protected]

Canada Bill J. Murphy [email protected]

Italy Piermario Barzaghi [email protected]

Chile Luis Felipe Encina [email protected]

Japan Kazuhiko Saito [email protected]

China Leah Jin [email protected]

Yoshitake Funakoshi [email protected]

Colombia Maria T. Agudelo [email protected]

Kazakhstan Gregor Mowat [email protected]

Cyprus Iacovos Ghalanos [email protected] Czech Republic Michal Bares [email protected]

Luxembourg Jane Wilkinson [email protected] Malaysia Lamsang Hewlee [email protected]

Denmark Christian Honoré [email protected] measure

Mexico Jesus Gonzalez [email protected]

Netherlands Barend van Bergen Global Head of Sustainability Advisory [email protected]

Spain Jose Luis Blasco Vazquez Regional leader: Europe, Middle East & Africa [email protected]

Bernd Hendriksen [email protected]

Sri Lanka Ranjani Joseph [email protected]

New Zealand Gabrielle Wyborn [email protected] Nigeria Tomi Adepoju [email protected]

Sweden Daniel Dellham [email protected] Jenny Fransson [email protected]

Norway Per Sundbye [email protected]

Switzerland Silvan Jurt [email protected]

Philippines Henry D. Antonio [email protected]

Taiwan Charles Chen [email protected]

Poland Krzysztof Radziwon [email protected]

Niven Huang [email protected]

Portugal Filipa Rodrigues [email protected] Romania Gheorghita Diaconu [email protected] Russia, Ukraine, Georgia & Armenia Igor Korotetskiy [email protected] Singapore Sharad Somani [email protected] Slovakia Quentin Crossley [email protected] South Africa Neil Morris [email protected] Shireen Naidoo [email protected] South Korea Sungwoo Kim Regional leader: Asia Pacific [email protected]

Thailand Paul Flipse [email protected] U.A.E. Sudhir Arvind [email protected] U.A.E. and Oman (Lower Gulf) Paul Callaghan [email protected] UK Vincent Neate [email protected] US John R. Hickox Regional leader: Americas [email protected] Venezuela Jose O. Rodrigues [email protected] Vietnam & Cambodia Paul Bahnisch [email protected]

KPMG’s Global Center of Excellence for Climate Change and Sustainability [email protected]

The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation.

kpmg.com/socialmedia

© 2015 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. No member firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or any other member firm vis-à-vis third parties, nor does KPMG International have any such authority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reserved.The KPMG name, logo and “cutting through complexity” are registered trademarks or trademarks of KPMG International.

kpmg.com/app

Publication name: Introducing KPMG True Value Publication number: 132122-G Publication date: January 2015

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introducing - KPMG

INTRODUCING KPMG TRUE VALUE A tool to connect corporate and societal value creation Companies today are increasingly expected to make a net positive c...

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