Interoperability of Biometrics using Blockchain - Biometrics Institute

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Interoperability of Biometrics using Blockchain !

Gary  Lac   IBM  Global  Business  Services     Biometrics  &  Iden7ty  Management   [email protected]    

Today’s  interoperability  …   Participant B’s records Participant C’s records

Participant A’s records

Participant D’s records

Participant E’s records

Participant F’s records

…  inefficient,  inconsistent,  expensive,  vulnerable  

Introducing  Blockchain…..   Blockchain  is  a  technology  for  a  new  genera7on  of  transac7onal  applica7ons  that  establishes  trust,   accountability  and  transparency  while  streamlining  business  processes.    Think  of  it  as  an  opera7ng  system  for   interac7ons.    It  has  the  poten7al  to  vastly  reduce  the  cost  and  complexity  for  geLng  things  done.  

Key  characteris7cs…..  

Consensus  

•  For  a  transac7on  to  be  valid,  all  par7es  must   agree  on  its  validity.      

Provenance  

•  Par7cipants  know  where  the  informa7on  came   from  and  how  it  changes  over  7me.  

Immutability   •  No  par7cipant  can  tamper  with  a  transac7on  aJer   it’s  been  recorded  to  the  ledger.  

Finality  

•  A  single,  shared  ledger  provides  one  place  to  go   to  determine  the  ownership  of  the  informa7on.  

Key  benefits…..   Time  savings  

•  Automated,  trusted  transfer  of  informa7on  between   mul7ple  par7es  without  need  for  a  central  authority.  

Cost  savings  

•  Less  oversight  because  the  network  is  self-­‐policed  by   the  par7cipants.   •  Duplica7on  of  effort  is  eliminated.  

Tighter  security  

•  A  permissioned,  members-­‐only  network  with  proof   that  members  are  who  they  say  they  are.  

Enhanced  privacy  

•  Par7cipants  can  specify  what  informa7on  they  want   other  par7cipants  to  view.  

Interoperability  with  blockchain…   Par7cipant   B’s  records   Par7cipant   C’s  records  

Par7cipant   A’s  records  

Blockchain  

Par7cipant   D’s  records  

Par7cipant   E’s  records  

Par7cipant   F’s  records  

…  with  consensus,  provenance,  immutability  and  finality  

IBM  Blockchain  on  Hyperledger  Fabric….   The   Hyperledger   Project   is   a   collabora7ve   effort   created   to   advance   blockchain   technology   by   iden7fying   and   addressing   important   features   and   currently   missing   requirements,   for   a   cross-­‐industry   open   standard   for   distributed   ledgers   that  can  transform  the  way  business  transac7ons  are  conducted  globally.       Open   source,   open   standards,   open   governance   so6ware   that   enables   access   to   data  on  the  chain  based  on  permissions  

Patented  Next-­‐Gen  Blockchain  data  storage…   Decentralized  Immutable  Blockchain-­‐based  Object  Storage  (DInO)  

Par7cipant   biographics,  biometric     image  &  template  data   Smart   Contract   hash,  transac:on   metadata  

Hyperledger   Fabric  

World  state  

txn  

Hybrid  Configura>on   Erasure  Coding  

OpenDHT  

IBM  Bluemix  

Full  Replica7on  

Peer-­‐to-­‐Peer  

Filesystem  

Object   Store  

Blockchain  

Ledger  

Replica>on  Types  

Distribu>on  Types  

Storage  Types  

Full  Replica7on  

OpenDHT  

MicrosoJ  Azure  

IBM  Bluemix  

Erasure  Coding  

Peer-­‐to-­‐Peer  

Amazon  S3  

On-­‐premise  

Benefits  of  Interoperability  with  Next-­‐Gen  Blockchain…   A  consolidated,  consistent  dataset  with  near  real-­‐ 7me  access  to  a  shared  set  of  reference  data.  

Consistent  interface  with  a  well-­‐known  data  schema  for   simplifying  the  exchange  of  informa7on.  

Secure  network  of  trusted  partners  with   transparent  system  roles  and  data  access   policies.  

Ability  for  membership  in  one  or  more  trusted  networks   suppor7ng  different  missions.  

Confiden7al  access  to  data  using  cryptography   and  non-­‐repudia7on  using  digital  signatures.  

Increased  availability,  resiliency,  and  performance  with   the  union  of  cloud  technology,  efficient  replica7on  and   storage  methodologies.    

Rapid  delivery  of  ac7onable  events  via  the  built-­‐ in  no7fica7on  framework.  

Verifiable  audit  trail  through  immutability  and  finality.  

Enhanced   Collabora7on  

New  Business   Models  

Improved   Processes  

Increased   Interoperability  

Greater   Sustainability  

Why  it  ma`ers….interoperability  of  biometrics  on  blockchain  globally   •  •  •  • 

Issues   Increasing  transac7on  volumes   Increasing  threats   Intra-­‐Departmental Increasing  complexity   Data  S haring Increasing  costs  

International  Border Management

ICE

DHS

TSA

•  •  •  •  •  • 

Blockchain   Reduce  disrup7ons   Increase  recoverability   Increase  sustainability   Improve  efficiency   Reduce  cost   Reduce  risk  

DHS DHS

CBP

USCIS

DHS

Interoperability   •  Integrated  Cross-­‐ border  Law   Enforcement   •  Uncover  &  disrupt   threats   •  Improve  intelligence   sharing   •  Increase  security   •  Share  threat   assessments   •  Strengthen  treat   no7fica7on  

Inter-­‐Departmental Data  S haring

•  •  •  • 

Biometrics   Iden7fica7on   Iden7ty  Verifica7on   Iden7ty  provenance   Counter  Fraud  

Home Office International  Law Enforcement

MOD Inter-­‐Departmental Data  S haring

DFT

MOJ

DHS

DHS

DoJ

DoS INTERPOL

DoD

Thank  You   Gary  Lac   IBM  Global  Business  Services     Biometrics  &  Iden7ty  Management   [email protected]    

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Interoperability of Biometrics using Blockchain - Biometrics Institute

Interoperability of Biometrics using Blockchain ! Gary  Lac   IBM  Global  Business  Services     Biometrics  &  Iden7ty  Management   [email protected]

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