‘Good quality education is expensive’-Ayo 6% TFI in effect; enrolment increase insignificant
BY PIAMONTE, Gerardo Jr.
The long and expensive queue for a better future.
By Concepcion, Joseph
espite complaints on the implemented Tuition Fee Increase (TFI) and the tedious enrolment process, the number of enrollees for the first semester of A/Y 2007-2008 improved by a mere notch of 1.77 percent or 101 students.
The number of enrollees also surpassed the target of 5,500 students. According to University Registrar Marymon Serrano-Salvamante, the University witnessed a total of 5,706 incoming students first semester last year while this year, the enrolment totaled 5,807. Colleges The College of Computer Studies has 857 students this year, an increase of 63 students compared to the same semester last year. Enrollees for the College of Commerce, totaled 2,340 students, increasing by 86. And the College of Nursing, which had 887 students for the first semester of A/Y 2006-2007, welcomed 933 enrollees this year. The University has also admitted 1 crossenrollee for this academic year. But not all colleges were fortunate, though. The enrolment for the College of Arts and Sciences dropped to 760 from 775 last year. The College of Education also suffered a setback with the number of students down by 50 from last year’s 420. The College of Engineering’s was only able to garner 546 students this year, compared to 576 last year. Despite this loss of enrollees in
exchange for a gain, the University is looking forward to a greater number of applicants for the next semester. Ups and downs However, these good news come with their corresponding bad news. Complaints concerning the enrolment process were plentiful, especially from enrollees who were directed to their respective Department heads prior to the encoding of their matriculation forms. Salvamante said the benefit of this detour was that it allows some of the students to get to know the departments and the personnel. The limited slots for subjects were also an issue for the upperclassmen in particular. Salvamante said these were due to the failure of the students to pre-register for the subjects they plan to take. She explained that those students who pre-registered automatically gain the reserved slots. But there have been improvements. A change in the flow of the enrolment procedure has resulted in smoother processing of applications. This is noticeable in the considerable reduction of the long lines that
Inside: Del Valle, Secretario win TOSP page 3
TFI turn to page 6
Figures matter Academic Year 2007-2008 Total number of enrollees for 1st Semester 5,807 Total number of enrollees for 1st Semester, A/Y 2006-2007 5,706 Percentage increase 1.77% Enrolment rates (by College): Arts and Sciences 760 (-1.94%) Commerce 2,340 (+1.04%) Computer Studies 857 (+7.93%) Education 370 (-11.9%) Engineering 546 (-5.21%) Nursing 933 (+11.95%)
Features: Beyond Borders page 7
Faculty’s salary hike tops priorities By Sese, Elizabeth Ann and Alparan, Olive A.
Particularly in the enrolment rate, the University did not suffer from any major fallout. “The TFI did not affect our enrolment negatively,” Academic Vice President Dr. Rebecca Torres stressed. This year, 5,807 students enrolled, compared to the forecasted 5,500 enrollees during the TFI consultation meeting. “It wasn’t because the TFI that the population increased, but [still] we did not decrease,” University Treasurer Ramon Nonito Ayo stated. ‘Reasonable Increase’ According to Torres, the TFI was perceived as reasonable by the parents. They understand that this will cater for improved services, facilities and learning experience, added the administrator. Another major reason for TFI, said Torres, is the salary hike of the faculty in order to keep them from leaving Ateneo for better opportunities. “The parents were only there for clarification since they recognize the increase was for legitimate needs,” said Torres, referring to the TFI consultation meeting held last semester. “We have to take care of our teachers,” Faculty’s salary turn to page 6
Inquiry: Heroes for Sale Page 10
Editorial VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
Rebirth ll over the University, there is a sense of transformation - newly painted edifices, new equipment, new faculty faces, and new students. Good news also heralds the start of the school year. With higher enrolment rates, the University’s financial standing might fare better than last year. And with new constitutionally elected officials in the Supreme Student Government, the students of this University have something to look forward to.
However, vigilance on the part of the students is of paramount importance. We, the students must ensure that the 6% tuition fee increase implemented this year will be put to good use. We, as students must ensure that the officials we elected into office will fulfill their duties faithfully. It is tempting to hope and believe that we are shedding our old skins and changing for the better. Even so, the threat of traditional partisan politics within the ranks of the SSG should be a source of concern for everyone. The first month of the school year has just ended but we now hear of problems within the SSG. Can a student government fulfill its obligations to its constituents if internal strife and biased governance thrive within? Are we going to allow selfish motives and partisan politics to cripple our student government? Undeniably, there are highly competent officials in the SSG but their potentials as true public servants are undermined by partisan politics. As officials duly elected by the students, the officials of the SSG are duty-bound to protect the rights of
students. Although it is good that steps are being taken to finalize the Magna Carta for students, it is disheartening that not all of the officials in the SSG are aware of this. This can either be an effect of the lack of coordination or a blatant sign of partisan politics. Already overused in political speeches and campaigns for several years now, the Magna Carta for students has yet to materialize. Will it just remain as an empty promise or will we ever see its creation? For the past years, perennial problems of the SSG have been left unresolved because SSG officials who have already left the University are not held accountable for their past actions as government officials. Maybe now, its time to change that policy. How much more do we, students have to endure the torture of political powerplays? It is time for the SSG to take a stand in the face of suppression from both external and internal sources. Four months after the TFI “consultation”, the students have yet to see the outcome of the “inevitable” tuition fee increase. It came as a surprise that the
ThePILLARS The Official student newspaper of the Ateneo de Naga University
enrolment rate rose even when our University is the only university that implemented an increase in tuition fees here in Naga. Does this mean that college-bound students and their parents prefer Ateneo because of what they see as quality education? Or is it because they just prefer to see the name of Ateneo de Naga University on their resumés? Yes, quality education maybe expensive but quality education need not be unattainable. In a region ranked third poorest in the country, proper education is usually the only key to a better life and as a Catholic university, Ateneo de Naga has the moral and civic obligation to be pro-active in alleviating poverty and its underlying causes here in Bikol. This year, 5,807 students entered the gates of our University, expecting quality education and a responsible student government. This year, 5,807 Ateneans chose to pay higher tuition fees in the belief that they will get what is due them. Let us not fail them…lest we want 5,807 angry protesters outside the gates of our University.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
Editor in Chief ALEC FRANCIS SANTOS * Associate Editor ELMER GUARIN RAMOS * Managing Editor Geraldine Piamonte * Art and Design Director Jan Rev Davila (on leave) News Editor Marjorie Alcozar * Features Editor Karen Bigay * Inquiry Editor Jeffrey Regullano Research Director TIMOTHY Jed Llorin * Circulation Manager Marjorie Autor * Business Manager Aileen Perez * Associate Art and Design Director Camille Erika Sarte Staff writers Olive Alparan, Meryll Kae Barandon, Phoebe Kim Beluang, Shane Beriña, Renee Britania, Gerardo Piamonte Jr. Apprentice Artists Nicolas Bulalacao III, Gabriel De la Cruz, Philip Julius Julia, Jane Ramos, Arjay Serrano * Apprentice Writers Ma. Andrea Aguila, Neil Berunio, Bryan Concepcion, Francis Lagarde, Carlo Magno Lazado, Jana Kamille Marie Legaspi, Bryan Joseph Luares, Jan Lucille Mercado, Niño Monzales, Fritzie Pasumbal, Sharmaine Romanillos, Ann Sese, Nadja Villaver Moderator Federico Jose Lagdameo, m.a. Office ThePILLARS Publication Office, 2nd Floor Student Center, Xavier Hall, Ateneo de Naga University, Bagumbayan Sur, Naga City 4400 * Email [email protected]
* Telephone 473.8447 local 2015 proud member of College Editor’s guild of the philippines
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
First in AdNU history
Secretario, del Valle bags double victory in studes award By Alparan, Olive and Romanillos, Sharmain
PPA to spend 1.5M for repainting, carpentry BY Lagarde, Ken
HISTORY MAKERS. Secretario and del Valle both graduated Class Veledictorian and Magna Cum laude respectively wins over 108 national qualifiers for the Ten Outstanding Students of the Philippines after going through tedious selection process. ThePILLARS Archives
History is made. For the first time in Ateneo de Naga’s existence, two of the University’s finest made it to the final round of the Ten Outstanding Students of the Philippines. Ben Secretario (BSBA MkgMgt 2007) and Julie Lucille Del Valle (BSE EHP 2007) were chosen from a pool of thirty regional finalists in an awarding ceremony attended by President Gloria MacapagalArroyo at the Malacañan Palace. At the beginning of the search, there were 275 aspiring qualifiers. This was narrowed down to 108 national nominees until there were only 30 pre-finalists. The search for the Ten Outstanding Students of the Philippines aims to recognize graduates from colleges and universities as role models. They must portray academic excellence, exemplary leadership, good moral values and determination to serve. The bases for the nominees’ evaluation Are superior academic performance, responsible leadership and/or active participation in extra and co-curricular activities, community awareness and involvement, personal values, firm moral conviction and integrity, pleasing personality, and ability to express oneself. From its early phases, the TOSP has formed outstanding contributors in the fields of government, academe, business, church and civil society. Even before their selection, the two Atenean graduates expressed relief that they made it to the final group before the selection of the ten finalists. “All of us are winners already just to be in the top 30, and if included in the top 10, it will only be a bonus,” said Del Valle.
“I’m not seeing it as a venue for competition [but] rather as a venue for learning, “he said. Meanwhile, Secretario said the TOSP focuses more on community service and participation, and social building. He also believes that this affair will serve as an avenue to build a community that will hone potential society leaders. “Our country is hungry for people who will fight for its future,” said Secretario. While graduating the Batch 2007 Class Valedictorian, he is now working as a Marketing Trainee in Megaworld Corporation, Makati City.
‘Not a competition’ Previously, Secretario expressed happiness over his inclusion as one of the thirty pre-finalists. He sees the event as a network for new friends as well as a learning experience despite the pressure and the preparations.
The thirty pre-finalists were subjected to formation activities, interviews and screenings from June 29 to July 6. The RFM Foundation and the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), in cooperation with the National Book Store and the Rotary Club of Makati Central sponsored the prestigious event.
‘A blessing and a challenge’ Teaching Principles Method I & II now in her alma mater, Del Valle shared the same sentiments. She also commended the importance of this ordeal that it recognizes students who are striving for excellence not only in academics but also in co-curricular involvement. She mentioned that she feels very passionate in encouraging students to make a difference and do something for the University and for the country. “Talagang may pag-asa pa ang bayan natin,” she furthered. More so, she affirmed that the experience has changed her from being a student to becoming a servant leader. She views it both as a blessing and as a challenge for her. “I have already found my starfish and I am willing to throw it back to the ocean,” she added.
For the A/Y 2007-2008, an estimated 1.5 million pesos will be used by Physical Plant Administration (PPA). The approval of the budget raised a go signal for PPA to improve the University’s facilities. According to PPA Director Engr. Ernie Boncodin, the budget allocation for the said office helped them substantially, especially in launching overdue projects which were postponed due to financial woes. Materials and labor included, the expenses would total P 1,332,004.00. Boncodin added the office will now be able to finally start the repainting of the school buildings. “We are focusing our attention to the renovation of these edifices especially those whose paints are already deteriorating,” he explained. The painting project will consume the majority of the acquired funds. The project, whose main goal is to provide fresh hues to the structures found inside the school to improve their appearances, happens to be the main focus of the PPA for this year up to the next three years. According to Boncodin, their office is expecting to finish the painting of most, if not all, of the buildings come A/Y 2009-2010. So far, the PPA personnel have finished painting the Engineering Laboratory, the Santos Hall, the Dolan building and the façade of the Administration building. Boncodin furthered this project will enhance the over-all look of the campus which will be beneficial to the institution. Aside from this, it will also improve the ambience of the whole campus, creating a more conducive environment for students and visitors. Besides its 3-year painting project, the PPA is also waiting for the approval of the budget for the improvement of facilities. This includes the sound system in the University Gymnasium and the repair of its backstage area. These projects will immediately start as soon as the proposed funds are approved. Boncodin also talked about the construction of new covered walks which will connect the Xavier Hall to the other buildings in campus. The funds will come from the acquired finances of the Batch 2006-2007 who chose the construction of the said walks as their batch project. The PPA is just waiting for the funds from the Treasurer’s Office so that they can start the said construction. Other than the major painting job and construction of covered walks, the PPA is also implementing tree planting projects, which was already started last year, and the fumigation which is being done every six months. A number of trees have been already planted in Ignatius Park. According to Boncodin, this program will help in the further beautification of the campus grounds. Currently, the PPA is maximizing the budget they acquired through the simultaneous implementation of old and new projects.
Pang-apat na Premio Arejola, bukas na BY SANTOS, Alec Francis
AdNU produces 19 CPAs, 6 Engrs anew BY Pasumbal, Fritzi and romanillos, Sharmaine
Ateneo de Naga University has again honed well-performing graduates in their respective fields. And this year, the school has 30 board passers coming from the Accountancy and Engineering Departments. 19 New CPAs Just this May, the Board of Accountancy (BOA) had given the Certified Public Accountant Licensure Examination to 4,654 aspiring CPA’s of the country. According to the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC), 1406 aspirants were announced as passers that came from the different participating schools. From the 56 examinees, 19 got in. Ma. Amer A. Coralde, Ma. Ivy M. Cruz, Melba A. De Leon, Paul B Granado., Rowena A. Halum, Czarina A. Icaranom Ma. Jhoana A. Lazaro, Sheena E. Lim, John Michael Angelo Z. Lopo, Alfie E. Martinez, Cleo F. Molenilla, Juicelyn P. Paaňo,, Alexander C. Parrera, Julian S. Pilapil,
Orlando Cleopet Q. Priela, Joahna, Ester R. Saman, Michelle M. Samar, Jennifer A. Sanorjo, and Christine J. Verdejo passed. The results were released one day after the last day of examination. Meanwhile, the Oath taking ceremony of the successful examinees in the said examination as well as the previous ones who have not yet taken their Oath of Professional was held before the Board last 20 June at the Plenary Hall of the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Roxas Boulevard, Manila. 55% OF ENGINEERING EXAMINEES passed Last April, 20 of the University’s Engineering graduates took the Electronic and Communication Engineering (ECE) Licensure
Examination and Civil Engineering(CE) Licensure Examination and 55% of which passed. The nine out of 18 examinees from ECE majors who passed were Sheila Alfonso, Aaron M. Araňa, Nerissa C. Baduria, Maria Victoria, A. Balana, Maridel D. Bolivar, Alvin Borlado, Jaclyn April V. Dacian, Bernie F. Estrada, and Adolfo E. Geda. From the Civil Engineering majors, Eldhee Brando A. Marqueses and Raffy C. Rayos passed. They are the only Ateneo graduates who took the said exam. Eight hundred eighty-nine out of 2534 ECE examinees and 914 out of 2754 CE examinees were announced as passers with a national rate of 35% and 33.19% respectively.
Inilunsar na an pang-apat na Premio Arejola para sa Literaturang Bikolnon. Ini an sinabi kan direktor kan Arejola Foundation for Social Responsibility na si Carlo Arejola. Sugod ki Arejola, naghahanap na an saindang organisasyon nin mga lain-laing parasurat na nakabase sa Bikol. Sabi man ni Arejola, mayong partikular na tema an hinahagad sa mga ma-partisipar. An Premio Arejola nagpuon kan taong 2004 na may duwang kategoriya: tula asin mga istorya. Tulong taon na an uminagi, duminakol na an mga kategoriya sa lima: tula, mga istorya, essays, drama, asin nobela. Sugod pa ki Arejola, namumundo siya sa pagtrato asin pagheling kan mga akademiko sa literaturang Bikolnon. Ini an rason kun tano pinunan an pagkakaigwa nin Premio Arejola taon-taon. An mga sinusumitir na mga gibo, pinipilaan kan mga huwes na mga parasurat, mga researchers kan literatura hale sa manlalain na lugar sa laog asin luwas kan nasyon. Sabi ni Arejola, maski siisay pwede magsali asin mayo man kaipuhan na edad basta may pagtugot kan magurang para sa mga edad 17 pababa. Pwede pa magsumitir an mga interasado hanggan sa ika-31 kan bulan nin Hulyo. Para sa detalyes, magpadara nin e-mail sa [email protected]
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007 | 4
Hands clasped. Nursing students looking listless in the face of controversies.
Summer affiliation marred by blitz
DB suspends 8 nursing studes; precedence lessens sanction by PIAMONTE, Gerardo Jr.
Suspension. This was the initial sanction given by the Disciplinary Board to eight erring nursing students involved in a highly controversial case which the said board handled. The case, “Breach of General Guidelines Governing the Summer Affiliation by the 1st Batch of Students to the College of Nursing Case III: Male Students Found to be Sleeping in the Quarters of Female Students”, resulted in a decision to impose a one-semester academic suspension on the involved students as well as a public apology addressed
to their college. But after the decision had been handed over by the board, it was decided by the administration to reduce the severity of the sanction, with the Office for Student Affairs (OSA) admitting that a similar case has preceded the event. In the end, the students were required to perform community services and offer a public apology to their college. SILENCE With the conclusion of the investigation, administration officials
and faculty members have refused to comment on the case. The OSA reacted almost instantly when questioned, saying that all pertinent documents regarding the case were not for public distribution and that they were for the eyes only of those involved in the investigation. “Ay, dai yan pwedeng iluwas,, confidential ‘yan,,ika man daw may kaso tapos iluwas ka jan”, said one official. Faculty members from the students’ college shared the same sentiments. “No comment na kami jan. Mayo naman ‘yang isyung iyan, dawa ngani
si Dean habo naman i-open up pa ‘yang isyung iyan ta tapos na talaga yan”, said one clinical instructor. The same faculty member also related that as much as possible they wanted that details of the case to be kept within their college because of fears that the news might have reached people outside the University. According to the clinical instructor, what transpired was that several male students entered the females’ room, which was a major violation of guidelines set by the College of Nursing, dispelling rumors of public indecency.
The instructor expressed concern that some students who have minimal knowledge of the case might spread rumors about those involved. NORMALCY As a final thought, the professor shared that the students have since then been able to enroll in their subjects. “Ayos naman ang gabos,, nagkakralase na ngani ang mga estudyante saka nagcocomunity service naman sinda para sa sanctions ninda”, the instructor said.
Studs undergo random drug testing by Berunio, Neil and Autor, Marjorie
think positive. The 1-2-3’s of drug-use detection.
The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) sent three teams from their Regional Office No. V, based in Legazpi City to Ateneo de Naga University on 23 April 2007. As representatives from a government agency that supervises the school’s action against illegal drugs, the team conducted drug testing of randomly selected students from 23 to 27 April. The office of the Academic Vice President received the letter from CHED Regional Office dated 13 April, re-scheduling the dates of the project in the region. University President Fr. Joel E. Tabora approved and then forwarded it to Director for Student Affairs Wilbur Almoneda last 17 April. Almoneda was on leave during the dates of the testing, so Marlon Agravante of the Office for Student Affairs took charge. Agravante shared that they were not familiar with the process. But guided by the CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No. 19, Agravante requested a copy of the enrolled
students from the College Registrar Office. The team then randomly selected the students who have classes from 6:00 PM to 8:30 PM. They simultaneously conducted the drug testing by letting the students urinate first before having the representatives over to the infirmary for the urine samples. For prevention and rehabilitation CMO No.19 stated that “positive test result shall undergo confirmatory test but the first time confirmatory test shall not be a ground for expulsion or any other disciplinary action against the student.” Also, the CHED reminded the institution that the procedures undertaken will uphold the ideals of fairness and rehabilitation and not isolation of the drug dependent. Aside from this, the school must follow the constitutional rights to due process, equal protection and self-incrimination. According to the CMO, only the parents will be notified of the test results. Almoneda reaffirmed that integrity and confidentiality of the random drug testing will be ensured. Agravante concluded the results have not yet arrived.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007 | 5
SSG shows-off at start of A/Y A-WOO Night jam packed; SWC relaunched BY Villaver, Maria Nimfa Nadtja and Beluang, Phoebe Kim
the Supreme Student Government (SSG) Days, a three-in-one event held last 13 to15 June at the University Gymnasium and Xavier Hall, captured Ateneans’ attention just after the start of classes this year. The event was composed of three separate activities, namely: recruitment for extracurricular organizations, re-launching of the Student’s Welfare Center (SWC) and A-WOO Night’07. The activities were intended to boost extra curricular organizations, promote AdNUSSG’s activities for this school year and showcase talents of upperclassmen Ateneans as they welcome the newest members of the Ateneo community. Passing through the eye of a needle Preparing for this big event was not easy, according to the organizers. The said event underwent several revisions before it was approved last 1 June. SSG Internal Vice President Ronel Velarde was the overall head of the working committee. Under him were Aileen Monte (BSBA MkgMgt4) and other appointed members of different committees. Breaking the Trend The recruitment for extra curricular organizations marked the start of the SSG Days. In previous years, it was conducted separately. The recruitment activity was conducted at the ground floor of the Xavier Hall. The following organizations participated: Teatro Dignos, Couples For Christ-Youth For Christ, Lightning Scorpions of the Philippines, Ateneo Dance Club, Remontados Debate Society, Days with the Lord (Men), Days with the Lord (Women), LAPIS, Gabay, Rotaract Club, Junior Chamber of Commerce Industry, Nature Crusaders, Ateneo Paradigm Eclat Xircle, Eagles, SSG Student Volunteers, Ateneo Chevalier Club, CLC, Ateneo Catechetical Instruction League, and Grand Monde. The different organizations set up their individual booths, characteristic of the nature of their organization. The SSG office provided application forms for all the organizations. The re-launching of the SWC took place on the second day, June 14. The project was revived
this year after its absence for two academic years. School supplies such as calculators, scissors, pencil and many more are available for lease. The SWC team, headed by Undersecretary Michael Jorge Ignacio (BSBA CMA 3) The SWC is located at the SSG office, second floor Xavier Hall. As a culminating activity of the SSG Days, the organizers prepared the traditional celebration night. Because of concerns that the usual ORSEM night would interfere the formality of the ORSEM formation for freshmen, it was decided that a separate event be created in its place. The name of the event, “A-WOO” Night’07, was taken form a famous line in the movie “300”. The concept of Ateneans wooing the students’ enthusiasm as the school year opens; a grand welcome-back party for all the students, regardless of year levels. The Ateneo Golden Cavalry and Ateneo Dance Troupe who trained under Paulo de la Cruz (AB DevCom4) and the Teatro Dignos, headed by Rudyard Pesimo, performed in the music extravaganza. Singers such as Ayie Pesito, Golda Alarkon, Lovely Nazarea, Jun Dante, Rod Balbuena, Gilbert Fernandez and Vanessa Navarro together with their bands also performed for the night. Among the bands that performed that night were the Centerfold, Dent, Idlepitch, 14th Curse, Black Gulaman, Pentacle, Hapitones, Symph, Kamia, God’s Employees and Samara. The bands, singers and dancers who performed during this big musical event were selected last 21 April by a screening committee. Noel Volante of the Media Studies Department was the consultant and the director of the A-WOO night’07. A Good Start The activity was beautiful according to Fr. Joel Tabora, SJ., AdNU President who was also present during the A-WOO Night. The unexpected number of students who attended the activities, especially DURING the A-WOO night’07 can be interpreted as a sign of the active participation and support of the student body.
listening in. Two years of alternative programming for and by the students.
Enrolment increase insignificant From page 1
usually fill the halls and corridors. Salvamante even mentioned one of the usual scenarios in the previous years. “Yung pila ng mga naghihintay na makapasok sa Registrar’s Office, umaabot pa sa Phelan Hall at sa Ateneo Child Learning Center.” On a positive note, it was observed during this year’s enrolment that the long lines have been shortened thanks to the systematic procedure. Although these improvements are a welcome change to the enrolment procedure, there still remains the unceasing protest against the tuition fee increase for A/Y 2007-2008. The TFI is an implementation crucial for
maintaining the quality of education in the University. “The Ateneo is a self-sufficient school supported only by tuition and other fees and does not rely on assistance from any government or private agency,” Salvamante said. Unlike last year, no problems were reported regarding the operations of the University’s information system. Salvamante said credit is due to the technical staff and crew for the successful operation of the database management system. Power fluctuations and outages were attributed to the frequent power failures in this region.
6% TFI in effect
BEAT FM: Edukasyon, hindi lang musika BY Barandon, Meryll Kae and Legaspi, Jana Kamille Marie
Nagsimula bilang laboratoryo ng mga mag-aaral sa Media Studies Department para sa kanilang mga gawain sa klase at internships ang 89.5 The Beat FM, ayon kay Noel Volante, dating Chief Operations Officer (COO) ng istasyon. Inilunsad ito noong ika-14 ng Hulyo 2005 sa pakikipagtulungan ng Manila Broadcasting Company (MBC) at pahintulot ng Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). Nagsimula itong mai-ere noong unang araw ng Agosto ng parehas ng taon sa inisyal na prikwensing 1000 watts. Ngayon, maririnig na ito sa mga karatig na lugar ng Naga sa lakas na 5000 watts. Dahil sa isang kasunduan, may oras na nakalaan para sa mga programa ng MBC at ng Unibersidad gaya ng University-
GLITZ AND GLAMOR. Teatro Dignos strutting their stuff (left and above). A cool crooner wows the audience.
BEAT (U-BEAT), na nakalaan sa pagpapahayag impormasyon at mga pangyayari sa loob ng kampus. Binubuo ng Pop, R&B, Reggae, Indie, Alternative at Local ang playlist ng istasyon na may mga tagapakinig na nasa pagitan ng 13-23 taong gulang . Ang pagpasok sa bansa ng bagyong Reming noong nakaraang taon , ayon pa rin kay Volante, ang isa sa mabibigat na suliranin na narananasan ng The BEAT FM. Bunga ng matinding pagkakapinsala ng satellite dish, halos isang buwang nahinto ang operasyon ng istasyon. Sa pagtutulungan ng MBC at ng Unibersidad muling naibangon ang istasyon. Naglaan ang una ng tulong pampinansya para sa pagpapalit ng bagong antena, franchise at transmitter. Sa kasalukuyan ,plano ng The Beat ,sa ilalim ng pamamahala ni Jose “Jojo” Vasquez ,kasalukuyang Chief
Operations Officer (COO) na makapagsagawa ng Sagip-Bayan at Fund Raising sa tulong ng Unibersidad at ng mga NGOs para sa mga nangangailangan. Bukod rito, hinihikayat rin Program at Production Director na si Marco Monteagudo ang iba’tibang mga departamento sa loob ng kampus na lumahok sa mga gawaing pang-impormasyon at edukasyon gaya ng mga music workshops. Mula sa isang munting pangarap na naisakatuparan sa pakikipag-ugnayan sa College of Engineering at Aemilianum College ang The Beat FM sa tulong ng apat na regular na DJ , mahigit pitong “student jocks” at tatlong technical staff mula sa departamento ng Computer Studies ay patuloy na naglilingkod para sa mga estudyante ng Ateneo de Naga at mga karatig na komunidad.
Torres. She shared that if the needs of the teachers are not met, some of them would go for for institutions that offer higher pay and better benefits. With regard to this, Ayo confidently said that the University is now secured in giving a modest salary increase to the faculty. Aside from raising the salaries of faculty members, the University also aims to enhance and equip laboratories with up-to-date facilities. Ayo clarified that the equipment, which have been recently installed to the laboratories, were not acquired from the funds generated from the TFI. He stated that the remaining 30% of the TFI will be used for various operations. Moreover, he said it is also important to “upkeep” the surrounding for comfortable environment. Torres also expressed that with other schools also giving quality education, competition for students is hard. Torres conveyed that aside from the fact that other schools did not implement TFI for the academic year, they benefited from television advertisements that attracted students to enroll in their school. According to her, the University did not spend a lot for TV ads since these commercials cost a great deal of money. Despite this, the enrolment rate still increased. She added that the increase
was because of the students and faculty members’ initiatives in inviting students to enroll in the University. “The best advertisers are our own faculty and students,” Torres emphasized. Another TFI With the implementation of the TFI this year, there were concerns that another TFI is in line for next year. Ayo said this will depend entirely on the status of the country’s inflation rate. He emphasized that they have to evaluate expenses to maintain standards. “Good quality education is expensive,” stated Mr. Ayo. He assured that another TFI will not be implemented unless there is a valid reason. This year’s increase is imposed only on the tuition fee and not on other fees such as miscellaneous fees, unlike in the previous years’ TFI in which other fees were included in the tuition rise. Ayo added that the University knows its boundaries in setting the increase. “We also know the limits of the parents, otherwise we would be losing our students,” Ayo stated. He also added that despite of the knowledge of how the tuition hike can affect their household budget,
From page 1 the parents are still cooperative on this matter. Honing Magis and competence According to Torres, from the standpoint of the parents and students, Ateneo is expected to give better services and impart the best education it can offer. Because of the tuition increase also, students are also expected to take their academics seriously. Torres added that because of the cost of tuition, it will be harder for the parents to provide the necessary amount of money. Furthermore, Torres expressed her gratitude to the parents and students who gave their trust to Ateneo education. “We are very grateful. We’ve been doing our Magis to give better quality learning experience”, she added. Ayo also shared the same sentiments. He emphasized that the University is really grateful for the confidence that the students and their parents have entrusted to the school. Ayo stated that with competitive teachers and new facilities of the University, they will see to it that students will experience improved learning instructions to prepare them for life outside the University. “We are talking about a diploma that can get you the potentials of the competitive world,” Ayo assured.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007 | 6
Announcements The Ateneo de Naga University Office for Student Affairs would like to remind students of their insurance benefits that are included in the miscellaneous fee. Benefits are valid 1 year from payment of tuition fee. Accidents and other related circumstances outside university premises are covered by these insurance benefits.
Claim forms are available at the Office of Student Affairs, second floor, Xavier Hall.
Death and disablement (accidents) P 40,000.00 / per person Medical reimbursement (accidents) P 7,000.00 / per person Unprovoked murder and assault P 40, 000.00 / per person Burial expense P 7,000.00 / per person Daily in-hospital cash assistance P 150.00 /daily
A closer look at the
Dictator’s handbook From page 16
REIGN OF TERROR President Arroyo’s endorsement of the Human Security Act, ahead of far more important pieces of legislations such as the bill for the compensation of Marcos human rights victim, the P125 across the board wage increase and the bill allowing cheaper medicines, reflects the blatant anti-people character of her regime. The Arroyo administration capitalizes on the U.S. orchestrated “War on Terror” since the September 11 attacks which, as the deaths of 1.5M Iraqi civilians in the US-UK war of aggression attests, is really a war against the masses of the world. As patriotic alliance BAYAN declared, the act “provides the ‘legal teeth’ long sought by the military and the police forces in committing with impunity acts of state terrorism.” It seems that the government is still not satisfied with the deaths of 866 journalists and activists since GMA took over in 2001. Even without declaring Martial Law, Arroyo already succeeded in surpassing the bloody record of Marcos. DOUBLESPEAK According to Sec.3 of the terror law, “terrorism” is vaguely defined as an act of “sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace in order to coerce the government to give into unlawful demand.” On what constitutes a crime of terror would be the sole discretion of the Justice Department and the Antiterrorism Council. That could’ve been the least of our worries if not for DOJ Secretary Raul Gonzales’ notoriety as an unapologetic hardcore Left-basher not to mention his unjust position against those who are critical of the Arroyo administration. The inclusion of fascists and right-wingers in the Council, headed by Executive Secretary Gen. Eduardo Ermita and Security Adviser Norberto Gonzales from the Cabinet Oversight Committee on Internal Security only paints a grimmer picture. They still have yet to face the issue of “command responsibility” in the light of political killings, as disclosed
by whistle-blowers from the AFP. The “terrorist” tagging of those who are fighting for national and social liberation runs contrary to the Hernandes Doctrine. This, among other established Philippine jurisprudence, absorbs all politically motivated acts as a singular crime of rebellion and therefore cannot be chopped into multiple common crimes. A DESPERATE MOVE So far, one of the biggest threats to the Arroyo administration is the CPP-NPA-NDF. More than three decades of futile attempt to crush the “communist insurgency” drove the U.S.-nurtured Armed Forces of the Philippines in desperately exhausting all unscrupulous means possible to boost their deflated morale. The Human Security Act merely gives the slaughter and red-baiting tactics against the militant mass movement a legal face. This is in harmony with “Oplan Bantay Laya” which is nothing but a recycled military strategy inspired chiefly by an amalgam of the worst qualities of failed counterinsurgency measures from the past. It employs civic actions to deprive the revolutionary movement off their mass-base while employing Vietnamstyle seek and destroy tactics against alleged “communist terrorists” encompassing activists, journalists and even clergymen. Prof. Jose Ma. Sison in his book Struggle For National Democracy, wrote that: “People were compelled to hate Communists or those who are construed to be communists in the same way that the Spaniards and the friars tried to play up hatred against Filipinos who were called mason and filibusteros. The Philippine Military is indoctrinated to have a violent unreasoning hatred in the same way that the Civil Guards were indoctrinated to hate filibusteros by the Spaniards in order to maintain their colonial loyalty.” Communists or not, everyone is an open target for the terror law. Under Sec. 17, the DOJ, by merely filing a case before any RTC, could push to outlaw any alleged “terrorist” organization. Members deprived of their right to due process and presumption of innocence would be easily arrested and indefinitely detained long enough to be tortured
and murdered. The same section includes among others, the freezing and confiscation of financial assets, unlimited intrusions of surveillance into privacy and easy incrimination of so-called accomplices and accessories. Sec. 19, further, states, “in the event of actual or imminent terrorist attack, suspects may be detained for 72 hours without warrant.” This could be very effective in conditioning the normalcy of warrantless arrest and illegal detention since Philippine governments have excellent track records of staging scenarios that would justify police and military crackdown. AN AFFRONT TO THE CONSTITUTION Section 18, Article VII of the Philippine Constitution of 1987 explicitly states that, “During the suspension of the privilege of the writ any person thus arrested or detained shall be judicially charged within three days otherwise he shall be released.” Section 19 of the Act asserts otherwise. It circumvents the highest law of the land by authorizing municipal, city, provincial or regional human rights commission officials “to order the detention of suspected terrorists beyond 48 hours.” Even the Constitutional right to travel is debased. When bail is allowed in the absence of strong evidence, suspects while under house arrest, still face the prospect of being held incommunicado. Sec. 36 of the Act declares “…the court shall …limit the right of travel of the accused to within the municipality or city where he resides …while under house arrest, he or she may not use telephones, cellphones, emails, computers, the internet or other means of communications with people outside his residence until otherwise ordered by the court.” With these and more discernible proofs too many to be contained in a 1,200-word article, it does not take a legislative genius to understand that the Human Security Act is not so. A repressive law in the hands of an equally repressive regime, despite so-called safety nets, is a sure-fire recipe for martial rule, and it goes without saying, the loss of more lives including our own.
For more information, contact Rex Hernandez (09198821879)
Feature VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
Beyond Borders Learning without borders
BY BRITANIA, Renee
he University opened its realm to offer opportunities for everyone and their quest for learning and service to others. We have seen several students from other countries who have chosen to stay in Ateneo to continue their dedication for learning. They may be away from their beloved and hopeful families yet they have their reasons to strive in a foreign land. On May 20th, five years ago, known as East Timor or Timor-Leste (given by the UN), a small state 400 miles northwest of Darwin, Australia became the first new sovereign and independent in the twenty-first century and the third millennium. The small state was colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century and invaded by Indonesia in 1975 but the UN sponsored an act of self-determination in 1999 forcing Indonesia to surrender control of the territory. The country shares the distinction with the Philippines of being the only predominantly Catholic nation in Southeast Asia. Portuguese became one of the major languages spoken because of Portugal’s long colonial control of East Timor. However, the inhabitants also speak Tetum, their native language (like our Filipino) and Malay (from the Indonesians).
If the name East Timor rings a bell, that’s probably because news has reached many nations of the chaotic situations in the state ever since war broke out in 2006 when 591 soldiers left their posts. There were renewed outbreaks of conflict this year before the presidential elections. Those who fled from the fighting in 2006 are still displaced, living in camps around the state. This year, in the efforts of the Jesuit community to help this young state, three natives are currently taking up their college degrees right here in our University. Inspiring more lives Mr. Dionisio De Jesus Lopes, is a freshman currently taking up a degree in Development Communications. He is more widely known as Dino. At the age of 7, he was already in the seminary since where his aunt worked and he has stayed there ever since. However, he is not estranged to his family. In fact he says that they are quite close. When asked if he misses them, he said “Yes, I do miss them but I can’t do anything about that because what I’m doing now is for them. I am gaining this knowledge because I want to help them, and my country.”
That sentence holds a lot of weight. He still has the fire of nationality flaring within him even if in a foreign land. You might be wondering why he is taking up AB DevComm. Dino already has experience working as a program coordinator and a scriptwriter for one of the television programs in East Timor. But it has not been all good for him there. He shared this anecdote he shared showing the disorder within his beloved state: “Last year, my house was almost burnt down by rioters, but because my neighbors tried to stop them, it did not happen. However, they stoned my house. I called the Jesuits and after a while, they came to fetch me from my house, they were even wearing their sutanas.” We could not forget the unexpected events which could be equated to that which happened with Dino in East Timor, perhaps in the era where people have no freedom at all. Continuing Jesuit’s tradition Another Atenean student is 21 year old Mr. Domingos Manuel Moreira, better known as Mor to his friends and acquaintances. The
third of five siblings, he is taking Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in Physics. After high school, he worked as a lecture assistant for the Jesuits. It is no wonder that he has decided to pursue a degree in Education because of the inspiration he got from the Jesuits in East Timor. According to Mor, the quality of the buildings here in Naga is different from East Timor since the latter is a new state and the infrastructure is not yet that developed. He even recounted his experience when they had to be evacuated to Kupang, West Timor. This was when East Timor was in the peak of war. Reflecting on the main differences between the people, the culture and the tradition, he thinks of simbang gabi. He says he took pleasure in experiencing this Filipino tradition as brought forth by the Spanish people. Although East Timor is a predominantly Catholic land, he recalls that in East Timor, only the older people attend the very early morning mass, marking the countdown to Christmas. Aside from the mentioned Catholic tradition, in their homeland, the younger
people have to kiss the hands of the elders to show respect, which made them wonder at the way we ‘bless’ our seniors with a touch of our forehead on the back of the (elders’) hands. In countries that are primarily Moslem, they also kiss the hands of the elders; this may be the effect of Indonesia’s reign over East Timor that made this difference evident. Asked about his stay in Ateneo, generally, he feels happy here. Unifying diversities Mr. Antonio Florindo Exposto, also an East Timorese, prefers to be called Toy. He also lived in the capital of East Timor, in Dili where he grew up with seven siblings, him being the fourth child. At twentyfour, he already has experience on giving training and seminars on leadership to their youth. This has been his driving force to study human behavior. And as such, he is now taking Bachelor of Science Major in Psychology. Beyond Borders turn to page 13
NI LAZADO, Carlo
Sarong banggi sa buhay ko, kan naghahalat kami kang barkada kong makasakay hale sa sarong “maogmang lugar” sa Magsaysay, naisipan ming magpara sa sarong magayagayang traysikel na kolor blue o red, na hoben pa man an drayber. An sabi daa samo ni manoy drayber kan nagpundo.. Manoy : Saen kamo noy? Ako: Sa may DMG padi Manoy: Pira kamo Torks: Tano padi!? Dae ka maiba?? Manoy: (dikit na napa-isip si manoy asin nagsabi) b*t0 mo noy! (sabay arangkada) Alistohon pati si dalagan ni manoy, kasing kaskas man kan pagkawara kang kaburatan mi kakapusngak. Pero sa seryosong urulay lang, sala bagang hinapot niya kami kun pira ang masakay, hade? Dae man nagbabanga ang hawak mi para magsimbag duwang wan hap. Pero dae ta na pag para isipon an mathematics sa sitwasyon na ini. Ang punto dyan arog kaini, base sa pag apot apot ko sa Executive Officer kan Public Safety Office na si Lito Del Rosario, dae nanggad daa pwedeng magpili an traysikel o jeepney drayber nin pasahero ninda, period. Kaya maski burat ka pa o taga Iriga, kun kaipuhan mo nin traysikel dapat ka lang pasakayon asin darahon sa saimong destinasyon kan traysikel na pinarahan mo, bako lang sa CBD ta masakit na. Igwa man dyan nin mga sitwasyon na habong pasakayon kan drayber ang mga taong mataba, o corpulent to be politically correct. An rason man kadtong nakaulay kong drayber na si pandoy, grabe daa kaya ang konsumo sa gasolina kung magabat ang kinakarga. Kaya mas grabe ang gastos ninda sa gasolina. Garo man lang daa yan tao, na kun magabat ang dara-dara maluya man ang pag lakaw asin madaling maubusan ning kusog. Morality against practicality daa yan sabi ni mang pandoy. Saro sanang halimbawa ang pagpipili sa mga papasakayon na pasahero sa mga salang gawe-gaweng ginigibo kan mga traysikel asin jeepney drayber digdi sa Naga. Base sa sakong pag apot-apot sa PSO, igwa nin 2,336 na drayber na nagpapasada digdi sa naga. Asin nakaka resibe an saindang opisina nin dae madakol sa 5 reklamo hale sa mga pasehero aro-aldaw, dae pa diyan kabale si mga drayber na dinadakop kan mga T&TMO. Kadaklan sa mga reklamong ini manungod sa mga aroganteng drayber, si mga nagpipili nin papasakayon asin si mga drayber na dae tataong mag bilang, na pirming kulang ang inuuli. An reklamong ini kang mga pasahero inaagi muna sa matuninong na pag urulay-ulay sa saindang opisina. Pero pag dae pa nahanapan nin solusyon saka na dinadara sa mga karasuhan na paagi sa korte. Obligasyon man kan drayber na siguradohong maidara an saiyang pasahero asin an saiyang mga bagahe sa tamang destinasyon. Kaya kun nawalat mo an saimong pinaka iingatan na cellphone sa sarong pampublikong sasakyan, dae mo lingawan na kuanon an plate number kan sasakyan asin apudan ang PSO para magibuhan ning magkanigong solusyon an saimong problema. Malay mo baka makua mo pa. Kaya sa mga arog kong mayong wills, asin pwedeng maging biktima kan mga abusadong traysikel o jeepney drayber sa satong syudad, kaipuhan tang magka igwa nin will na magreklamo sa tamang paagi tanganing mapundo ang mga salang gawe-gaweng ini sa satong syudad. Ireklamo an dapat ireklamo asin maging vigilant sa mga karapatan kan pagiging pasahero. Mayo man bagang manloloko kung mayong magpapaloko. Amen??
KULTURA. RAWIT DAVIT. PROSA. KRITISISMO.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JUNE 2007
An ni arkibo
Kadunong NI Conde, Jesus Cyril, Ph.D.
Maagi nguna kita sa mga importanteng detalye bago ta matumbok an malinaw, mahiwas, asin hararom na kahulugan kan Arkibo ni Kadunong. Agihan ta nguna an teoriya kan Kritikong Ingles na si Terry Eagleton sa saiyang librong Literary Theory: An Introduction (1993). Sinabi ni Eagleton na istorya kan Inglatera asin Pransya, an tema asin porma kan mga kasuratan na pigaapod na literatura ay pabagobago. Sa sarong panahon, ang teoriyang naghahale sa mas poderosong grupo nin tawo – poderoso huli sa politika, kwarta, asin iba pang mga rason – iyo an nasusunod kun anong klase an porma asin tema kan mga kasuratan na dapat na apudon na literatura. Nin huli digdi, sinabi ni Eagleton na mayo man nanggad saro sanang depinisyon an literatura nin huli ta nagbabarangaan an mga teoriya. Para sa gabos na mga teoriya igwang sarong puntong pirming yaon. Ini an nagsasabing ang literatura sarong klaseng lengwahe na nagpapahiling nin buhay nin tawo asin tinatawan nin importansiya kan sarung grupo nin mga tawo. Manlaen-laen ang porma saka tema kan literatura nin huli ta manlaenlaen an mga kulturang pinaghalean kaini. Ang pag-iisip na ang literatura limitado sana sa sarung grupo nin porma, tema, asin lengwahe an mangangahulugan nin pagkakakulong nin isip sa sarong kultura. Ini an pagiging sarado sa mas hararum na paghurop-hurop. Ini sarong makasupog na intelektwal na pagkabuta. Gamiton ta an teoriyang nasambit bilang sarong tuntungan sa paghurop-hurop. Mahapot kita. Ano an literaturang Bikol? Primero, kun sasabihon tang an literaturang Bikol iyo an gabos na klaseng pagsurat na pinublikar nin sarung Bikolano asin tinawan nin importansya nin sarung grupo nin mga tawo magkakaigwa nin problema. Iyo an kahulugan kan tatramon na Bikolano dakulaon saka naghihiro. Dapat pang pagdebatehan kun an pagiging Bikolano dahil sa sugo o dahil sa kultura. Pero pwede magkaigwa nin malinaw, mahiwas, asin hararom na depinisyon an literaturang Bikol. An literaturang Bikol iyo an gabos na porma nin lengwaheng Bikol na nagpapaheling nin buhay sa Bikol asin tinawan nin importansya nin sarung grupo nin mga tawo. Ini kinababalehan nin iba ibang klaseng porma nin lengwahe, nakasurat man o tinataram. Kabale digdi an gabos na pagsurat na nangana sa nakaaging Premio Arejola ngonian na taon. Pero kabale man digdi an mga Usipun kan mga agta sa bukid nin Asog, an debate sa plaza sa sentro kan syudad nin Naga, an kantang Bikol kan mga gurang na parainom sa subdibisyon kan Villa Grande sa Naga, asin kadakul pang iba. An mga halimbawang sinabi ko gabos man nagpapahiling nin buhay asin importansya sa sarong grupo nin tawo. An literaturang Bikol igwa nin iba-ibang porma saka tema nin huli sa manlaen-laen na pormasyon nin kultura sa laog kan Bikol. Halimbawa, sa laog kan diskurso kan dakul na mga intelektwal na paratukdo nin pagsurat sa akademiya sa Bikol sinasabing an pagsurat dapat dae magkaigwa nin paulit-ulit na mga termino o pigaapud na redundancy. Alagad, kan ako magbalik-balik duman sa bukid kan Asog nin duwang taon (2002-2004) para pag-adalan an Usipun kan pitong mga tribo naobserbahan ko an mga paulit-ulit na parte kan porma kan mga Usipun kan mga Agta.
An papel na ini sarong pagsirip sa posibleng pinakadakulang parte kan literaturang Bikol na daing gayo naheheling dahil sa manlaenlaen na klaseng kultural asin akademikong pagkabuta. Aapudon ta ining Arkibo ni Kadunong.
Ano kaya an dahilan? Sa sakuyang obserbasyon inuulit-ulit ninda an mga termino dahil ang pagulit-ulit kan mga bagay bako man maraot para sainda. Simpleng-simple lang saka paulit-ulit an mga aktibidad ninda sa buhay. Para sainda, ini an realidad. Simple. Paulit-ulit. Naoogma sinda sa pagkasimple saka sa pagulitulit kan mga bagay: pagtanom, pagkakan, pagturog, pag-usipun. Pwede ta sigurong idagdag an paggibo nin aki. Ini sarong paghiling sa realidad na pwedeng naglataw sa porma kan saindang mga Usipun. Sala kay ini ta naiiba sa diskurso kan mga intelektwal sa mga syudad sa Bikol? An masasabi ko kadakul na manlaenlaen na porma asin tema an literaturang Bikol. Nin huli ta sa laog kan Bikol kadakul an mga pormasyon nin kultura na igwa nin manlaenlaen na porma nin pagsurat asin pagtaram na importante sa buhay. Kadakul sa mga ini dai pa nahihiling kan akademiya ta, huli ta limitado lang an pag-adal ta kan sadiring kultura. Pero yaon sinda, dakulang parte kan buhay sa Bikol, dawa dai ta pa nahihiling. Halimbawa, mayo pang napublikar na librong nagtao nin solo asin espesyal na atensyon sa mga Tigsik, Usipun, Istoryang Suanoy, asin iba pa. Pero yaon an mga ini dawa kulang sa pansin. Ano kaya an posibleng rason kan kakulangan sa pag-adal sa sadiri tang literatura asin kultura? Dai ko pwedeng sabihon an gabos na posibilidad pero igwa akong sarong naiisip. Gagamiton ko an sarong teoriya sa paganalisa sa kolonyal na literatura asin kultura. Ini hale sa sarong lektura (2001) kan propesor ko sa Unibersidad kan Pilipinas na si Dr. Prescilina P. Legasto. Ini an teoriya kan simbolo kan burak. Pagabot kan mga kolonyal na poder sa Pilipinas itinanom ninda an pagtubod na an literatura kan Pilipinas garo sarong lumbod na burak. Lumbod pa asin maluyang klase nin huli ta kadaklan kaini tinataram asin dae pigsusurat. Lumbod pa asin maluyang klase huli ta tinataram sa manlaen-laen na lengwaheng Pinoy asin bako sa Kastila o Ingles. Lumbod pa asin maluyang klase ni huli ta dai sinusunod an mga teoriya sa literatura kan mga kolonyalista. Kun maisasabi na sa pagsurat bako sa pagtaram, kun magamit na nin kolonyal na lengwahe, bakung lengwaheng Pinoy, kun masunod na sa mga teoriya sa literatura kan mga kolonyalista, an literatura kan Pilipinas bako nang lumbod kundi sarong namumukadkad na magayon asin mahamot na burak. An teoriyang ini kan burak, sigun sa mga Pinoy na iskolar na kinabibilangan kan mga propesor ko sa literatura sa UP na si Vivencio Jos (1979) asin Angelito Santos (1997), asin an Antropolohistong si E. Arsenio Manuel (1980), naging dominante sana sa mga syudad asin mga dakulang banwaan sa pilipinas. Pero sa mga saradit na banwaan, sa mga baryo, sityo, mga bulod, asin mga kaomahan, an mga klase nin literaturang sinasabing lumbod yaon pa bilang dakula asin importanteng parte kan buhay kan kadaklan sa mga Pinoy. Ini bako man talagang mga lumbod asin maluyang klase. Mga namumukadkad na burak man an mga ini na may sadiring hamot asin gayon. Digdi sa Bikol, partikular sa akademiya na iyo an sentro kan pag-adal kan literatura, ano an ginigibo ta? Isinisikwal ta kaya an mga “lumbod” na burak? Dakula an posibilidad na an kadakulaan kan literaturang Bikol tinataram, dai sinusurat. Yaon sa manlaen-laen na lengwaheng Bikol, asin
SINDA Paratindang Sundang Pigtatais kan init kan saldang an matatarom niyang mga sundang. Dai pa lamang minsan saro ang nagbakal. Hilom siyang minaagrangay: Kinaban lugod mapatos nin takla. Paratindang Yakult Pigguguyod niya an laagan kan Yakult. Pareho niya ining piggaganot. Nadadangog niya an guruk-gutuk kan tulak. Sa saiyang tsaliko nakasurat an sarong hapot: ‘Ok ka ba tiyan?’ Paratindang Santo Niño Baktot niya an imahen kan omboy na dios na mahawas sa saiyang pagtios. Kun makapabakal siyang tolo sa sangribo kada saro itatao niya na, minsan magtawad pa asin hulugan tanganing pag-abot sa harong, mayo na siyang papamibian. MINUTOS ‘Nagagadan an saldang.’ Ini an tukdo samuya. Nagbabawas an liwanag kaini siring sa milyon na bitoon. Bago ini magadan, magkakaigwa kan pig-aapod na super nova. Ini an garo huri niya man na pasali. Huring liwanag bago magadan. Igwa sanang otso minutos bago mamatian kan kinaban na gadan na an saldang. Kun mangyari na ini, an mga planeta mabaranggaan na garo mga awtong nawaran preno. ‘Gadan naman kita gabos kaan.’ Alagad igwa nang signos na madali nang magadan an saldang: An mga bukid na niyebe natutunaw asin an pirang isla minalubog na sa dagat. An mga disyerto nagiging dagat giraray asin an mga tulang kan suanoy na hayop
may sadiring porma asin tema, dae man nagsusunod sa kolonyal na teorya sa literatura. Pero may posibilidad na etsa-pwera sinda sa kadaklan na mga tawo sa akademiya nin huli sa pagdominar kan teoriya kan burak. Pero ano kaya an paagi para magpuon na kita sa paghanap asin pagparung kan kultural na hamot kan mga etsa-pwerang burak sa literaturang Bikol? Masakit simbagon na basta-basta an hapot na ini. Alagad kan ako magtrabaho sa sarong NGO na nagtatao nin tabang sa mga tios na lugar sa manlaen-laen na parte kan Bikol, may nahiling akong sarong klase nin lengwahe na yaon sa dakul asin manlaen-laen na banwaan sa Albay asin Camarines Sur. An lengwaheng ini pigaapud na Usipun. Gagamiton ko an letrang “U” bakung “O” nin huli ta iyo man talaga ini an pagtaram kan masang Bikolano sa sakuyang naobserbahan. An Usipun sarong naratibo sa lengwaheng Bikol. Ini tinatawanan nin importansiya kan kadakul na tawo sa masang Bikol dahil ini nagsisirbing mayong gastos na libangan kan mga tawong tios. Iba ibang tema an laog kaini na nagpapahiling nin kadakul na mga boses nin kultura. An Usipun, sa paghiling ko sarung halimbawa kan literaturang dae nakasurat kan masang Bikolnon. An literaturang dai nakasurat kadakul, pwedeng magpahiling nin iba ibang diskurso, alagad kulang sa pansin sa laog kan akademiya. Silensyo sa ngonian an literaturang ini. An silensyong literaturang ini aapudon kong Arkibo ni Kadunong. (Papatuluyon sa sunod na isyu kan ThePILLARS…)
saro-sarong manunumpungan sa mga syudad nin tawo. ‘Madali nang matapows ang kinawban!’ Ini man an sabi kan Amerikanong misyonerong nana’o nin libreng Bibliya sa eskwelahan. Naglitanya man siya nin mga patanid: Magiyera an mga nasyon bago magdatong an Kristo. Malinog nin makusog. Mabirik an panahon: Mabagyo minsan tig-init. Mauran nin asido. Dakul pang helang an maabot asin makakatukaw na sa puwesto an Black Pope kan mga Katoliko. Madakul an relihiyon. Bibitayon an mga diktador. Madidiskubre an mga di-kalibreng armas na sa hiling sana kan mata pwedeng gamiton an badil asin pasabugon an sarong nasyon. Pagluwas sa klase, sibot kaming nagruluwas igwa sana kaming kinsi minutos na recess kaya napili tulos nin taya ta makawat nin tagu-taguan, maharanapan sa mga pamilyar ng lugar: ‘Pagbilang kun sampulo, nakatago na kamo, saro, duwa, tulo, apat…lima…anom….pito walo…siyam…!.’ Si Kristian S. Cordero, nakapagluwas na nin duwang libro nin rawitdawit sa Bikol, Rinconada asin Filipino. Nanggana na an saiyang mga obra sa Premio Tomas Arejola, Homelife, Palanca Awards asin sa Madrigal-Gonzales Best First Book Award kan nakaaging taon para sa saiyang librong MGA TULANG TULALA (Goldprint Publishing House). Nagtutukdo siya ngonyan sa Ateneo mantang inaandam an bago niyang koleksyon nin mga tula asin osipon.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
Exporting heroes for economic prosperity BY REGULLANO, Jeffrey
There are almost 10 million overseas Filipino workers (OCW) which means 11% of the population are working for the rest’s economic well-being. For decades, the Philippines has been a good source of cheap labor for developed countries. As a result, overseas contract workers have become the country’s prime export commodity. Everyday, an overwhelming 2,000 migrant Filipino workers leave the country to work abroad. The exodus of Filipinos to foreign lands is a consequence of the country’s extreme poverty and unemployment. Consequently, they are forced to seek employment outside the country indefinitely, oblivious of onerous contracts, terms, and foreign policies just to escape the worsening economic condition home. OF HEROES AND REMITTANCES In the past, they were once called OCWs or Overseas Contract Workers to describe the nature of their work which is on a contractual basis. The term OCW signifies workers’ limitations in terms of social interaction, legal rights and physical mobility which are specified in the the terms of their contract. Later on, because of their vital contribution to the economy, the term “OCW” fell out of favor with the media and the government. Overseas Filipino Workers, adding a patriotic projection, became the preferred version. The government has lauded OFWs not only as economic saviors, but also as “Modern-day Heroes” or “Mga Bagong Bayani,” referring to their role as builders of a more stable economy through their remittances. These modern-day heroes include emigrants and contract workers. NGO statistics categorize these two groups as overseas Filipinos and overseas Filipino workers. As of 2001, overseas Filipinos numbered 2.74 million and OFWs 4.67 million, of whom 3.05 million are documented and 1.62 million undocumented (Kanlungan Center, citing the Commission on Filipinos Overseas, Department of Foreign Affairs). Economic-wise, this corresponds to $14.7 billion in remittances this 2007, up from $14 billion in 2006. According to Wikipedia, this makes the country the fourth largest recipient behind India, China and Mexico. This means also that the remittances represent 13.5% of the country's GDP, the largest in proportion to the domestic economy. If it were not for remittances amounting to $7 billion a year following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the country’s economy could have caved in. DELIBERATE LABOR MIGRATION The search for greener pastures is not completely a personal decision, but more of an initiative. If the government can no longer provide better living and employment opportunities, the people will have to provide for themselves. But instead of resolving issues within the country’s borders, the government purposely promoted labor migration as a solution to unemployment, growing account deficits and overpopulation. Since Marcos’ time and until the present administration, there have been directives and policies on how the government can actively promote labor export, but sadly, the general welfare of migrants is merely an afterthought. The Labor code of 1974 formalized labor migration and made the promotion of overseas contract work its main goal. To be more precise, in 1982, the Central Bank, along with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Labor and Employment sanctioned that 50 to 70 percent of overseas workers salaries were subject to
mandatory remittance through Executive Order 857. Those who failed to comply were subjected to non-renewal of passports and disapproval of new contracts. The Code only made provisions in the previous laws more organized and economically viable. Currently, Ms. Arroyo deliberately promotes the export of labor via the implementation of the controversial Republic Act 8042 or the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipino Act of 1995. The Act provides the deregulation of overseas employment and the gradual phase-out of the POEA. Like her forerunners, Ms. Arroyo Arroyo could only enjoin OFWs to “stay put abroad and continue to send their dollar remittances until the Philippine economy stabilizes” (Del Callar, 2001). Yet at the same time, the government officially maintained that overseas employment was not a policy: “In an August 2001 meeting with a delegation of overseas Filipinos advocating for their right to vote, Labor Secretary Patricia Santo Tomas objected to any reference to ‘export of labor,’ saying that people go abroad on their own volition”. WOMAN POWER? Throughout the mid-80s, the influx of women workers brought social radicalization in labor practices. However, the majority of overseas women contract workers are in the service sector. These include such jobs such as domestic work, entertainment, health care and nursing occupations where the pay is low and workers are more exposed to physical and sexual abuse. The government then temporarily banned the migration of women workers due to increasing human rights violations of foreign employers. The moratorium backfired. The ban proved to be ineffective as workers left the country illegally only to find themselves at the mercy of their employers, placing them in more danger. ‘NEW HEROES’ It was also during Aquino’s presidential proclamation No. 276, which declared December as “The Month of Overseas Filipinos” where the term “new heroes” was coined. Even so, this label failed to protect the OFWs. The Ramos administration stuck to the “new hero” syndrome after Flor Contemplacion’s execution. During that time (and until now –ed), the government still floated the idea that good Filipinos need to go abroad for a good life, and of course, to send remittances for the country. Under Estrada, the OFWs were endlessly HEROES FOR SALE turn to page 13
“stay put abroad and continue to send their [OFWs] dollar remittances until the Philippine economy stabilizes” - Ms. Arroyo The worst-case scenario that could happen to our overseas workers are almost at hand: if it reaches a point that the government can no longer manage to provide good policies for them. Adding to this are red tape, bureaucracy and corruption in the same agencies tasked to protect the OFWs. Our OFWs risk their families to breakups, deterioration and underdevelopment. These unsung heroes deserve genuine protection.
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007 | 11
BY LLORIN, Timothy Jed and PIAMONTE, Geraldine
“Ang sector kaya kan kabataan an mas organized, vigilant asin may systematic na aksyon. Sinda ang pinakasulong sa gabos na sektor” - Paul Vincent Casilihan, KARAPATAN-Bikol JOEL
Joel from Albay, a senior Engineering student of Bicol University and a JovenesAnakbayan–BU Chapter member was gunned– down by alleged members of the military last October 2002 at Mayon Spring resort in Sto. Domingo, Albay. Witnesses corroborated that he was tortured before being shot in the head by soldiers belonging to the Philippine Army’s 2nd Infantry Division based in Camp Tomas Capinpin in Tanay, Rizal. The mere reason: Joel rested on a hammock inside the cottage rented by the soldiers. Of the eight who were apprehended and charged with murder by the PNP, only Sgt. Alex Estacio, was jailed. Estacio became the state witness, among other witnesses from the place, but still the case was dismissed due to lack of evidence even after the other seven were positively identified as the perpetrators . The soldiers are nowhere to be found and remained at large. CRIS
Also from BU, 20 year-old senior Journalism student Cris Hugo was shot dead by unidentified gunmen on March 19, 2006. A staunch critic of the Arroyo administration, he was the Regional Coordinator of the League of Filipino Students (LFS) and was accused as an alleged NPA supporter by the AFP and the PNP. Prior to his slaying, friends and fellow activists disclosed that he regularly receives death threats.
Of the 866 activists and journalists killed since President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo came to power, 22 are from the youth sector wherein six came from the Bikol region. The bloody murder of Joel Asejo ,Cris Hugo, Rei Mon “Ambo” Guran , Roberto Farly Alcantara, “Junjun” Bagasbas and Ronilo Brezuela, remains unsolved up to this day despite all evidence pointing to members of the Armed Forces as perpetrators.
LOVE TRIANGLE OR PREMEDITATED MURDER? After the love triangle slant concocted by the PNP was disproved by Cris’ girlfriend and friends, frat-related violence was another angle that they saw on the murder. This owes Cris’ position as the newly elected Grand Chancellor of Alpha Phi Omega (APO-BU). However, fraternities in BU then held a press conference which countered the PNP’s claim. With these unsolved cases, not to mention that of LFS-Albay provincial coordinator and Aquinas University student Rei Mon ‘Ambo’ Guran’s earlier case, Karapatan-Bikol reported there is a clear trend in the rampant youth killings in the region. The victims were all members of militant organizations and tagged by the AFP as “communist supporters” and “destabilizers”. Last February 2007, the Alston Report singled out the AFP as accountable for the political killings in this country. FARLY Sadly, the whole region was still in grief when three more youth were killed in Camarines Norte. Camarines Norte State College (CNSC) student Farly Alcantara was shot just three meters away from the main gate of his own school by a still unidentified man. Ironically, the campus security guards did nothing to help the victim claiming that their guns were in the drawers when the incident happened. With just a student and a tricycle driver as witnesses, the only definite thing is that the killer left no chance for Farly to survive, after the latter sustained not just one, but four fatal gunshots in the head. Farly was the spokesperson of LFS CNSC chapter. JUNJUN AND RONILO Not long after Farly’s death, just a day after the May mid-term election, the badly deformed corpses of Roberto “Junjun” Bagasbas and Ronilo Brezuela were brought for display in the town plaza. The two Kabataan Partylist members who were supposed to be on their way to bring food to fellow poll watchers were never heard of until the morning of May 15. The military claimed they were slain rebels resulting from a legitimate encounter with the New People’s Army at Mataqui, Capalonga. The .38 caliber gun that the military claimed to have been found on one of the victims is
nowhere to be found. TYPO ERROR? Police blotter entry number 554885, 3:40 am of May 16, states that a certain 1st Lieutenant Vicente T. delos Santos, PA, assigned at Tulay ng Lupa, Labo, Camarines Norte reported two individuals killed in an encounter at Mataque, Capalonga. However, the post-mortem examination and another police blotter, entry number, 554887, placed the encounter at 7:00 AM of May 16, 2007. The previous entry would be subjected to scrutiny. How can an incident be recorded in the police blotter even before it happened? COMMON SPECULATIONS Since Gen. Jovito Palparan’s introduction of Oplan Bantay Laya I and II, the abductions and summary executions of youth leaders and members of progressive organizations have risen steadily. Even after his retirement, suspicions and accusations behind the killings have been strongly directed against the military and President Arroyo, its Commander-in-Chief and alleged “mastermind”. The police force only instills greater confusion among the victims’ families as they initially conduct duly-obligated preliminary investigations and declare themselves ‘handsoff’ later on. This, of course, has also caused a greater sense of belligerence towards the armed and police forces. The government’s not-so-silent war against revolutionary movement has driven down the brick wall separating stillness and commotion. The present administration has willfully tagged legal progressive organizations/ party list groups like Bayan Muna, Kabataan, League of Filipino Students as fronts of the CPP-NPA-NDF. Even with their legal status and unarmed courses of action, they are singled-out as the anti-insurgency programs’ main targets. The chain of events suggests that indeed, the present administration, together with the AFP and the PNP, are involved with the extra-judicial killings. To start with, Cris Hugo and Rei Mon Guran were both shot at the height of protests calling for the president’s ouster. Second; Farly, Jun-Jun and Ronilo were all brutally murdered within the election period. All were known officers or members of progressive organizations and had previously received, according to their families, several death threats from the military and police forces. They also added that the victims had no enemies that would extend to such extreme measures. However, military officials insist on their denial in their involvement and either blame the NPA or insist that the victims themselves are members of the NPA. LAST RESORT Paul Vincent Casilihan of KARAPATANBikol said that the unabated killings are the government’s last resort to suppress the growing discontent of the youth against the government’s neglect of the sector. “Ang sector kaya kan kabataan an mas organized, vigilant asin may systematic na aksyon. Sinda ang pinakasulong sa gabos na sektor” (This is because the youth is the most organized, vigilant, systematic and advanced sector), He added. The continuous and worsening human rights situation in the region have left the victims’ families not only with unanswered questions but with inescapable doubts as well. The same Constitution that has guaranteed everyone the right to life and the freedom to express dissatisfaction and disbelief is being ignored. The same bureaucratic body that is supposed to reinforce it, does nothing and only worsens the situation by either persecuting those who criticize it. Now, with the implementation of the Human Security Act of 2007 fast approaching, no one can be considered safe and sound anymore.
An Makuapo ni Beribentot
VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007 | 12
We r ol pfrends... por now Oppps! Ini na naman enot nindong binabasa noh? Maray pa gibohon mi na ining front page. Haay naku. Wala namang like-thatan! Well, Well-come back to iskool mga nonoy, mga nene saka mga nasa tahaw. Kamusta man bakasyon nindo? Dae man mashavaw? Bareta mi naging kulur yilow daa si tubig sa shwimming pool na kinarigosan nindo. Whaaaat?!
Point to the east and point to the WIST! Sa tuong lubot, sa walang lubot! Kulog kan buot lang garo makukuwa nindo sa pagpila nindo tapos sala pa si pinilihan na bintana. Arawts! Whaat?! Kamusta naman yun gurl/boy/bakla/tomboy?! Bareta mi ngani, naging mala-telenovela daa si mga pila kan enrolment. May nag-irinlaban, nag-iriwalan, nagkabiristuhan, asin Shpeaking of mashavaw, panahon na naman…ng pag-ibig? may nag-ire lang. Nakikipalabaan daa kaya sa pilahan an unibers ta sa Whaaat?! Panahon na naman nin Ateneo river/lake/sea/ocean. Siisay NSO. Sa sobrang laba daa kaya kan pila digdi, nagkapamilya na lang nagsabi na kaipuhan ta pa nin Cam Shur Water Isports Compleks? si mga pipz. Astig ano? Whaaat?! Kulang na lang baradilan saka mga Igwa man daw kita kayan. Ikabit mo na lang isk8board mong ralaspag pulis na huri na pag-abot sa laban, pelikulang Pilipino na! Pero dai na sa likod kan tricycle ni tsong tapos arangkada ka sa ate-ni-yu kamo ha, naglangkaw enrolment sa unibers ta ha. Mala, aapat lang abenyu. Wakeboarding 2 d max! Whaaat?! Kamusta naman yun?! kaya ang bintana na binuksan sa treasure-rer e. Ika daw magkasya Nyahaha! Ready, sing! Makulay(makulay) ang buhay(ang buhay)… nin halos sais mil na tao duman. Kung talagang interesado kamo na makulay ang buhay sa sinabawang gulay! Whaat?! Haha! Iyo palan, maaraman kun ano man pakiaram saindo kan baretang ini, basahon kun gusto nindo maaraman ano nangyari ta sige pang baha digdi sa ngani nindo an front page ta kamo man lang lugi, binabayadan nindo unibers ta, basahon na lang nindo si bareta sa news section. Maherak ang dyaryo na ini. Hehe. man kamo sa mga parasurat mi, sinakitan man daw sinda maggibo kayan. Puhleash? Makangalas ngani ta nagdakol pa nag-enrol sa unibers ta maski nagtaas pa twee-tion. Napasain na palang si 6% na tinaas? Hala, dai So mga gurl/dude/pare/tsong/men, wala namang like-thatman kamo napapaisip? Tsk tsk. Pero dai kamo mahadit, may bareta an! Whaat?! Kamusta naman yun?! Speaking of ishports man palan, man kami urog sa issue kan tee-ef-ay na yan. Siyempre hanapon natapos man nindo si obstacle course ta digdi sa satuyang padangat na lang nindo sa news section. Sige na, dai na magparatamad. Naka na unibers? Aring obstacle course? E siyempre ano pa, si enrolment summer pa garo mode kan yutaks nindo ah. Tultol na mga makuapo, olympics! Whaat?! Hehe. As usual, super endurance test si enrolment kralasehan na naman. Hehe. Time to meet your maker, este, teachers baga. Makulog baga sa tabay magtindog buong aldaw sa pila. Tapos palan. papalit-palit pa gabat mo. Shake it to the left, shake it to the right. Baka palang mabigla kamo ta dakol-dakol man mga nabagong depart-ment(hol) heads saka deans ha. Pero if I know, an iba sa mga makuapo dai ngani bistado kun siisay mga DE LA CRUZ, Gabriel department heads ninda. Aber? Maraot yan ha, pano na lang kun mababagsak na kamo? E dai kamo close sainda. Patay! Kaya kun ako saindo, hilingon na lang nindo sa mga bareta mi kun siisay nag-tumbling tumbling sa mga pwesto ninda. Saka congrats palang sa Es-Es-Gee! Bako na sinda production agency lang. haha. Awooooo! Whaaat?! Nag-erenjoy man daa si mga freshmen ta. Marhay sana ta dai man inabot nin treinta mil pesosesoses si stage. Beinte-nuebe mil lang daa. Whaaat?! Karaw lang mga nonoy asin nene sa es-es-gee. Welcome to Ate-ni-yu palan sa mga fresh vegetables, este, freshies ta. Kun dai pa nindo aram, an beribentot an paboritong basahon kan mga pipol sa unibers ta. Mas kabisado pa ini ninda kaysa mga textbooks. Eu baga noh? Whaaat?! Ah-men?! Ah-men!! Kamusta man palan mga nag API-liate tang mga for export na narsing estudents? Bareta mi maorag daa si bakasyon nindo sa Manila ha. May kasabay pang sarong sem na forced bakasyon. Ay sala, suspension palan. Ay sala, dismissal palan. Ay sala uli, community service na lang daa. Whaaat?! Grabe ang twist kang story, pwedeng pang MMK, manggagana ka pa P10, 000. Whaat?! Mala, habo na ngani magtao nin komentaryo mga imbes-tigators. Haha. Baka daa kaya ma-chikka ever an mga nadamay. Haller?! Bako daw tabloid an Pee-llars. Arawts! Its hurtings! Whaaat?! Mala, si mga nadamay ngani, gusto magpresentar kan saindang lado. Madaya daa kaya sabi kan mga ibang nar-sing estudents si imbes-tigayshun. Whaaat? Kamusta naman yun?! May hapot palan an saindong makuapo. Bago kamo nag-enroll, na-drug test kamo?
Whaaat?! Gusto daa kaya maaraman kan Pay-lippine Drug Endforcement Again-cy (PDEA) kun ano mga paboritong drugs kan mga estudyante saka kun siisay mga suki. Tatawanan daa discount si mga maamin. Whaaat?! Joke lang. Sabi daa kaya, magkakaigwang rundoom drug testing this iskul year. Maorag kudta noh?! An masakit lang kaya, kaipuhan magtao nin listahan kan mga estudyante sa gobierno. Whaat?! Kamusta naman un?! Nagkaigwa palan nin f*ct-finding mission digdi sa Bee-cool para sa mga victims nin political killings. Kun ang simpleng paghatod nin kakanon para sa mga pollwatchers pwede nang maging kawsa kan kagadanan (por mor infos plis read da relayted news), talagang dapat na kitang MATAKOT. Pero sabi kan satuyang mga prendli neyburhud na tibak: MAKIBAKA, ‘WAG MATAKOT! Siryusli spiking dow, minaabot na sa 866 an nagagadan o ginagaradan (22 dyan kaedad ta lang) sa nin huli ta sinda nag-aassert lang kan saindang konstitusyunal rice, este rayts na mag-ekspres. End spiking of ekspreshown, hanggang ngunyan dae pa ma-ekspres kan mga bigbosses kan Ey-Ep-Pi kun tano ta arog kaini an nangyayare. Tano daw ser? Dyeneral? Tsk. Tsk. Talagang kaipuhan pa nin mga porenjers para aksyunan an isyu nin panggagadan sa mga freedom payters. Wassup, wassup madam President? Iyo palan! Multi-national na an unibers ta! May iskolars kaya si Fr. Tah-bora na haleng East Timor. Dae nindo aram kun sain yan no? Duman siya sa east kan West Timor. Nyahaha! Haputon ngani nindo world history professor nindo. Yan kun naglalaog ka pa duman. Guilty! Wahaha! Maoorag man mga bisita ta haleng East Timor. Dakol man pati inagihan an mga yan. Mapagal daw maglangoy puon duman pasiring sa satuyang beloved Pay-lippines. Tapos kamo, babayaan man lang nindo pagka-gradwar an Pinas. Guilty uli! Haha! Joke lang. Wala naman like-that-an no. Hilingon na lang nindo sa Features section si istorya ninda. Features ha, bakong pictures. Bisaya ka Dong?! Whaat?! Bistado palan nindo si BJ Barns? Dae? Tsk tsk. Magpartner yan na karaoke songers. Magsyota man palan. Ang venue ngani kan duet ninda sa pinakapurong clasroom kan 3nd floor Barns Hall. May nakasumbong kaya samuya na nag-kakaraoke daa si duwa pag madiklom na. Hmm. Ika na lang bahala mag-isip. Gurang ka na. Haha! Whaaaat?! Kamusta naman yun?! Uni na an palan an pangaduwang kabanata kan satong pinakaaabangan na stairway to heaven. Tanda pa nindo si exit boy and exit girl?! Whaat?! Basahon ngani nindo si beribentot sa issue mi kan Marso. An bida sa kabanata 2 bako nang si exit boy asin girl. Whaaaat?! Iyo ta pareho na sinda girlaloo tpos sa fire exit kan girls doorm nangyari! At least safe siya ha, mayong madakula an tulak. Nyahaha! Shhh.. Well, may nagpapaklaro lang palan hale sa satong mga doormers na bako ninda pare/tsong/men/dude an mga salarin sa kabanata 1 and 2, nakikishare lang daa sinda nin facilities kan satong mga honorers. Mabubuot talaga an doormers ta, cute pa. Actually daa, mga taga Xavier mall man lang si mga salarin. May mga ofishes duman?! Whaaat?! Kamusta naman yun?! Bago palan an makuapo nindo maghale, gusto ko lang sabihon saindo hapoton: Atenista, mayo ka talagang pakiaram? Tsk tsk. Nuarin mo pa iintindihon an mga nangyayari sa kinaban? Haaay, inda daw! Pagal maghagilap nin chikka ever! Whaat?! Kun may mga maidagdag palan kamong mga bareta, tsismis tulos kamo sa makuapo nindo digdi sa 2nd floor kan Xavier mall ha?! O kaya padara ka nalang e-mall, este, e-mail palang sa [email protected]
O sige na, tama nang basa. Dangog na sa teeth-ser nindo. Ay niber maynd, lagpak ka man lang. Bwahaha! Babush! Tsup tsup! Whaat?!
agen... por now
Opinion VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 JULY 2007
Starting fresh. During it’s 46th year of existence, ThePILLARS has always been dynamic and everchanging so it might come as no surprise to the members of our University that I start my note with the words “starting fresh.” However, we would like to assure you, our treasured readers, that we are sincere in our intention to start fresh. Gone are the days when the ordinary Atenean thinks of ThePILLARS as a literary club or an elite class. Gone are the days when the credibility of this paper was stained by politics. With the addition of fifteen new apprentices, we have made it a point to make the members of this publication, your publication, that we are not here to exult ourselves or to elevate our status above the
Atenean. We make it a point to instill in the hearts and minds of our writers and artists that we are student-journalists, that we are students first, journalists second, and as such, we are not above anyone. Throughout the years, ThePILLARS has taken on different shapes and forms. It has taken up the features of a lifestyle magazine and even a tabloid. It has been tagged as ‘too intelligent’ and ‘too konyo’ so it is really no surprise that we are trying again to reinvent ThePILLARS. More than just a change of image, we are trying to retain and strengthen our relationship with the students. After all, who else do we serve but the students? However, this commitment involves a lot of balancing. As a media
organization, we have to adhere to the principles of fair reporting. But as the voice of the Atenean, we have the obligation to the students of this University. It is beyond a shadow of a doubt that the media plays a crucial role in today’s society. Though lacking, today’s journalists are known for their relentless pursuit of the truth. And there are times when this ‘search for the truth’ results to irresponsible journalism. As a primary training ground for future members of society and possibly the media, it is imperative that studentjournalists learn and master responsible journalism. This year, one of ThePILLARS main thrusts is to regain the trust and confidence of the Atenean. We are fully
aware that this will not be an easy task. We have mountains to hurdle and oceans to cross but we want to assure our studentreaders that our door will always be open for any concerns. As a stalwart of Bikol culture, ThePILLARS recognizes the importance of valuing our own culture and history. It is this strong belief in the beauty and majesty of the Bikolano that elevates your student paper above the others in our region. With the start of another school year, we do not know what is in store for us and our University. Issues and controversies will surely arise but so will the Atenean’s triumphs and achievements. And as our pledge to our readers, ThePILLARS will be there to lend its voice to the Atenean.
Alab ng puso sa dibdib mo’y dugo. Nagsiiyakan ang mga kandila sa pagpanaw ng bayani, pinagluluksa nila ang kabataang dali-daling inupos ng mga bala. Paalam Farly. paalam. Maaga man ang pag-ihip nila sa iyong sindi, aalab pa rin ito sa puso ng marami. BY LLORIN, Timothy Jed
Heroes for sale economic benefits that the United States government would gain from the enterprise. Of course, it cannot be denied that people move out and work elsewhere because economic and social conditions force them to. The worst-case scenario that could happen to our overseas workers are almost at hand: if it reaches a point that the government can no longer manage to provide good policies for them. Adding to this are red tape, bureaucracy and corruption in the same agencies tasked to protect the OFWs. Our OFWs risk their families to breakups, deterioration and underdevelopment. These unsung heroes deserve genuine protection. Researchers and advocates must make sure that the government will have a realistic understanding of the status of OFWs. The government must be convinced to provide long-
From page 10
term support for the welfare of overseas workers. To quote Odine de Guzman, “The Philippines has an unprecedented opportunity to avert a disaster by acting before it is too late. Let us not evaluate the overseas workers contribution only in terms of the incomes remitted. Rather, we should help our Filipino migrants by conducting studies, investigations and policy formulations that could immediately and efficiently resolve the issues and problems confronting the Filipino overseas workers.” Let’s hope that the “new heroes” catchphrase is not just another one of the government’s empty rhetoric. Sources:
www.migrante.tripod.com, www.poea.gov.ph, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Filipino, Ericta, Carmelita et al. Profile of Filipino overseas Workers De Guzman, O. Mismanagement of Overseas Migration Program, www.inq7.net/globalnation/sec_new/2005/ dec/02-01.htm, www.kanlungan.ngo.ph, PDI July 28, 2001, Kanlungan Center 2001
Beyond Borders Diversity in culture is noticeable but he (Toy) stressed that the biggest difference between the Filipinos and Timorese people is the way they greet people. In East Timor, all are obliged to say “Buenos dias” (Good morning!) and “Buenas noches” (Good night!) even to those who were not their relatives because these greetings make them more familiar with each other. Many Filipinos [not all] often take for granted the educational system of this country but according to him (Toy), Philippines has a good system and that he enjoys studying in the University. If this does not spark hope in our hearts and in our perspective of our country’s future, then no one knows what will. Filipinos like us could have been more proud with what these East Timorese young men say about our country, they would serve as inspiration in achieving real- life success not only as humans but also as Atenean students.
From page 7 Learning more Going back to school is an enjoyable experience for them (besides the fact that they have to re-study all their past lessons). They will meet difficulties yet they are hopeful that they would graduate as professionals in their chosen fields. The only barrier they have with the locals is the language. They cannot tell the variation between Bikol from Filipino language so they want to learn it for them to interact more. Since they are trilingual, acquiring another language to should be easier, but not without our help. Many teachers in the University also make use of Filipino or Bikol in their lessons so to truly understand their lessons, Dino, Mor and Atoy understand the need to learn Bikol and Filipino. Filipinos are known for their warm hospitality so it is hope that our brothers from East Timor are not excluded. These people stand tall amidst the turmoil in their country. Their only inspiration is that they may help their country in their own small ways.
Fascist measure 8 February 2007. The senate of the Philippines passed the anti-terror bill on to its final reading. The bill entitled, “Human Security Act of 2007”, was ratified in full by both chambers and on 6 March 2007, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed the bill into law. Come 15 July, this new law will take effect. But why am I making a fuss about this new legislation? Let me answer my own question. In bewilderment. In rage. The law in itself is an atrocity. It is anti-terror law directing and manipulating the defining parameters of the word “terrorism”. Section 3 of the Human Security Act defines it as an act of “sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace in order to coerce the government into an unlawful demand”. Here the definition is immediately made vague and thrown overboard. Mainly because Malacañang through the [in] Justice department and the newly formed Anti-terrorism Council, composed of the fascists and warmongers in her cabinet, are the ones who will decide who to brand as a “terrorist”. A terrorist to them may mean a hero to others. With this law, Arroyo can easily determine legitimate political expressions as acts of terror. Mass actions that call for the ouster of Arroyo have already been classified as part of “destabilization plots” and “conspiracies to commit rebellion”. All the while, though we could all take it to the streets. I was assured by the constitution that all power emanates from ordinary persons like me, that I have the right to derive to reactionary classes measures to express my discontent, regardless of political ideologies. Instead, the same government that once constituted my hopes of a better can now tag me as a terrorist suspect. Section 17 of the said act allows for the prescription of alleged “terrorist” organization” and individuals on the mere application by the Department of Justice before any Regional Trial Court. In other words, all it takes for Sec. [Si]Raul[o] Gonzales to file before any court an organization or persons that maybe declared as “terrorists”. According to Section 19 of the act, “in the event of actual or imminent terrorist attack suspects may be detained for 72 hours without warrant”, as history tell us, during the Marcos dictatorship, it was not difficult to manufacture scenarios of imminent or actual terrorist attack. Mind you, 72 hours is more than enough to torture or kill a detainee. Not only are we denied the right to due process and presumption of innocence but we are given a free ticket to the grave. This new law also violates a person’s right to privacy. Under Section 7, the surveillance of terror suspects is legalized. Authorities may record and intercept any communication by wiretapping or other forms of electronic surveillance. Also under Section 27, bank deposits and accounts of suspected terrorists may be examined by authorities. Even mere suspects are subject to such grave abuse. Their mere rights are continually at stake and it is the government that allows such abuses. The provisions of the act are clearly in line with the regime’s counter-insurgency program. Oplan Bantay Laya I and II. The first targets of the law are revolutionary armed forces long tagged by the Arroyo administration as “terrorists”, such as the CPP-NPA-NDF and the MILF. Even legal organizations that are critical of the present administration have been tagged as fronting for the communist movement and tantamount to being labeled as a “terrorist”. With the propositions mentioned in the Security Act, organizations and any individuals that are known critics of the regime will not only be tagged and labeled “terrorists” but will also be subjected to grave human rights abuses and murder. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is indeed doing everything to eradicate her critics and perpetuate herself in power. Seemingly, the sweetness of overwhelming power has gotten to her head, transforming her into nothing but a fascist dictator wanting more and more of what she has been given. She strengthened and reinforced the Armed Forces, the only one left strong enough to back her up, to achieve her motives. She has developed in herself the urge to survive. The urge to manipulate. A different kind of libido. Moreover, the only difference between Gloria and a dictator is just the spelling.
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When music makes you sick “If the music’s gotten boring It’s because of the people Who want everyone to sound the same Who drive bright people out Of our so-called scene ‘Til all that’s left Is just a meaningless fad.” - Chickenshit Conformist, Dead Kennedys Funny how things have gone absurdly ironic these days. The unabated advancement of information technology seemed a failure in keeping inanity even on a tolerable level. I’m not referring to kids who matter-of-factly insist Che Guevara was actually Bob Marley —Rage Against the Machine’s singer. It’s dumber and more pathetic than that. (But I must admit it was better than the other one who thought Che’s sister was named Tootsie.) Let’s talk about the local music scene or the lack thereof. The popularization of music via the corporate mass media through teen-oriented music channels brought artists right inside the comforts of our living room. Before, fans have to trek miles just to see their favorite bands. Nevertheless, the phenomenon is a double-edged sword. The downside is, profitdriven music industry and its filthy tentacles (ahurrrm MTV!) solely promote what they deem “marketable” to the masses. In their own twisted interpretation, this meant mediocrity, kitsch and stupidity. They belittle the capability of the masses to learn and improve, not only as listeners but more importantly as thinking human beings (well, mostly). As a result, kids only focus on the superficial aspects
of music like fashion and image. Herd-mentality and consumeristoriented lifestyle are mistaken as gestures of rebellion. TRAMPLED UNDERFOOT Most people treat music as a disposable product. Trends change as frequent as haircuts. Buy this and buy that. As long as it looks good it’s ok no matter how empty. “Mommy’s gonna pay for it anyway.” A classic case of form trampling substance underfoot. Back in the analog mid-90s, we would scour the dangerous alleys of Claro M. Recto Avenue in downtown Manila just to hunt for bootlegged tapes of Dead Kennedys, Minor Threat and other relatively obscure hardcore punk bands. Now, you just download via Limewire any song you fancy, not to mention the chance of finding it among throngs of pirated CD stalls scattered all over the place. However, in spite of the accessibility of information courtesy of the media and the internet, most people take music only by face value. Here in Naga, the city crawls with hundreds of kids sporting expensive dreads, inverted mullets, or anything as fashionably “rebellious.” Most of them barely have a clue. Everything is just a fad anyway so why bother. “HERE’S THE ONE… Take for example the much abused and mis-used “emo” tag. Everyone thinks it’s all about the eyeliners, mutated new-wave haircuts and whining about unfaithful bitches. During the mid-8Os in Washington D.C., it meant more. During the summer of 1985 or the Revolution Summer, bands like
Rites of Spring and Embrace, who eventually mutated into Fugazi, started playing more melodic. Deviating from the Reaganbashing speed of hardcore punk during the time, they played slower and sang more about introspective and emotional issues rather than pure politics. The idea was to ward-off violent crowds and drew in more creative and artistic people. Highlighted by excruciating yet cathartic live performance, as exemplified by Rites of Spring, critics began to call it “emo”, as in emotional hardcore. WHO LIKES ALL OUR PRETTY SONGS… So, before MTV stripped off its depth and raw d.i.y. sensibilities, it was all about promoting a creative community to flourish. Now we only have eyeliner-smearing whiners with their familiar hairdo which is somewhat a throwback from “New Wave ‘80s but funnier, if not worse. Bands currently tagged “emo” spawn dirges which you can’t actually tell apart from each other. But I must confess that one once made me cry. I literally broke-down into sobs of disappointment and disgust. AND HE LIKES TO SING ALONG… At this point, I recall one of Sir Dennis Gonzaga’s cigarettebreak aphorisms at Kubo. The University professor on-leave said that people should also “give themselves a chance” in understanding trends they patronize and not just follow them “blindly”. It does not matter if you think so-and-so band is the best thing that ever happened since April Boy as long you are aware of what they are or
what they are not about. AND HE LIKES TO SHOOT HIS GUN… Ignorance, as history proves, breeds unreasoning hate. Back in the day, so-called “pangks” under the influence of some stupid rock jock, would beat anyone wearing baggy shorts at malls. It took them decades to understand (or did they really?) that punk rock and hip-hop music are birds of the same feather. Both are reactions against specific oppressive conditions. Hip-hop, before it went loco over bling-bling, rapped about racism, poverty, and gang violence while punk, on the other hand was a huge safety-pin stuck across the face of British monarchy in the late ‘70s. BUT HE KNOWS NOT WHAT IT MEANS… The point here is, as creatures blessed with the ability to think and the capacity to rationalize we should be critical about everything around us. I know it’s easy to be a moron and swallow everything rammed down our throats but, Ateneans or not, we deserve better than that. We deserve better than being passive trend-riders and gullible cash cows for corporate music industry puppet-masters. Beneath the surface of every music genre is a deeper significance, way deeper than the hue of excessive eye-liner smeared just below your eyesockets. All we have to do is open our minds and ears. But then again, maybe I’m just getting quite old. Too old for music channel-fuelled trends and liquor company-endorsed pogi rock bands.
Robo-bobo BLEEP. BLEEP. BLEEP. ON.
Mindless robots - We might be on the verge of becoming one or we already are. Let’s just say, hypothetically, that society is a ginormous1 factory and we are all the products of it. Hypothetically, everything that we are has been all preset. Hypothetically, what would you do? It is quite amusing to wonder what some people are thinking about: their concerns, their worries, or whatever might pop up in their crazy heads. It might actually make a good game if you’re bored. Well, not, if most people within your radar range are easy-peezy-lemon-squeezies.
You know what I mean. Nowadays, school has become an excuse for students to live their so-called “lifestyle”: booze, banda/groupies, fashown2, rebel-rebelan [kuno], yosi, music, tropa-peeps, night life, nonconformist [kunwari], etc. This is what they call “the life.” Not that I am saying there’s anything wrong with this but if those are the only things you ever think about, you should be disturbed. Really, really disturbed. In one way or the other, our educational system has failed us again. Instead of fostering socially-aware, brilliant and empathic students, it has become the breeding ground of entirely the opposite. But is it really the system’s fault or are we really just in denial that we are part of the problem, maybe even the BIGGER PROBLEM itself? For arguments sake, think about how individualism has become a fad nowadays. The
quirky fashion sense, the out of this world ideas, you know, the “rebel-rebelan” without a cause kind of thing. Yung tipong me-against-the-world- I’d-dowhat-I –want-to-hell-with-youall attitude. Honestly, I would be impressed to hear that from someone who has the guts to back it up. Yung di naman tipong me-against-the-world kasi na-AF siya ng teacher niya sa NSTP. How inspiring ey? Maybe individualism is not the problem but its substance or the lack thereof. I’m pretty sure that’s what the majority is lacking right now --- substance. The youth is more concerned about being different rather than wanting to make a difference. Ding! Ding! Ding! For your information, there is a huge gap between the two and I mean a HUGE, huge G--A--P. Isn’t the whole point of non-conformity is to evoke change? To stray away from conventional ideas and
foster new ones that would make everyone better off. But, that’s not the case or is it? Is it just me or am I the only one who thinks there should be a big warning sign here? Non-conformity sells but don’t you think that the fact that it does is conformity itself? Is this another one of those preset ideas glued on the chips of our heads where we believe we are different yet we are one of the millions who thinks the same way. Think about that. Robot ba tayong lahat? Magisip-isip ka naman.
BLEEP. BLEEP. BLEEP. OFF. 1 humongous 2 nagututom na lahat ng tao, fashionista ka pa rin
Anyone dare to read? We often regard reading as a habit of those wearing thick eyeglasses who walk silently inside the classroom or of those who have finished their studies and are now working. If you would ask a teacher why they love their books so much, she’d just smile, lend you a book and go her way. According to Juan Miguel Luz’s article published in the Kadunong Journal (published in 2005), the results of the 2004 National Achievement Test in English, Science, and Math (to determine fourth year high school students’ levels of preparation) was quite alarming. Only 6.8 percent of the examinees passed the English test with a score of at least 75 percent. Only 12.9 percent passed the Math portion. While less than 1 in 100 (0.7 %) scored 75 percent or higher in Science. Other DepEd-supervised tests yielded similar results. What could have been the root of this problem? Statistics show that there is a rapid decline in the learning abilities of students resulting in poor performance especially in tests. Comprehension would most likely be the main problem and the question now is, why is there such poor comprehension? Are all the high schools, private or public, facing similar problem with regards to their students? Does this mean that these students are not prepared to enter college? Is anyone to blame? Is the system to blame? We can go back to the basic problem that many Filipinos do not read. If all we’re going to do is ask questions, we may never find the answers. We often think of the solutions but they’re too idealistic to consider. Going back to reality, Filipinos lack interest in reading or Filipinos merely pass through words but do not understand them. We do not read even simple road signs or instructions. We even experience being reprimanded by not reading yet we remain the same. The lack of participation in class discussions, inability to contradict any wrong information from the teacher, and the inability to share ideas are consequences of not reading. Who will make a difference? Is there anyone who would dare to do so? Maybe, we ourselves can. Bring a book with you when not doing anything. Read. Visit and stay at the library instead of gimmicking. Surf the internet instead of watching movies. These simple things would mean a lot, would they not? We just do not recognize their essence. Are we going to wait for another achievement test to realize that more students are not learning? Are we going to allow students to remain as they are, or are we going change this reality? Each of us is a key for a student to learn how to read. There are various student organizations which can help young people develop interest in reading and enhance their comprehension skills. Reading is a skill an Atenean should share with others. The change may be miniscule but the effect would be lasting and inspiring. If we are disturbed by the fact that only one percent who managed to score 75 percent or better in English, Science, and Math will enter college, then it’s time for us to do something. We can change the habit of non- readers, the habit of not reading.
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Hanggan nuarin pa? Comfort zombies Breakfast. A weary and grief-stricken mother of seven accompanied her eight-year-old daughter to the local police station to file a case against her husband for using their only daughter as a sex slave. The child, still in her third grade, has suffered genital mutilation. And that is only one of the many, not even the big picture. While we are updating our friendster accounts, while we are rushing a hopefully-witty-enough reflection paper to our expectant professors, while we are fervently memorizing the songs in our MP3 players, a woman is being raped every three hours. I leave the details to your imagination. Truth is often stranger than fiction, anyway. Think about that and see if you can stomach it. Violence against women and children has been happening in a wide scale. According to Gabriela Women’s Party, a girlfriend is battered by partner every 72 hours. A woman is subjected to lasciviousness every 20 hours. If you haven’t noticed, we must be in a very indifferent and already trouble-filled society not to be disturbed and spurned into action by these. After the initial “What the?!”, “Kawawa naman sila (with matching gloomy pout)”, “Grabe man”, and “#@*^! (bad word omitted for sensitive souls)”, what happens next? Nothing. We are so used to news of battered wives, child sex slaves, victims of rape by family members, and widespread prostitution that we cease to be bothered. We refuse to heed the pangs of guilt that we are letting the evil seem normal. We just continue sitting back and relaxing, while profusely murmuring a “thank God, it’s not me!” Yeah, thank dear heavens that it is not yet US (emphasis on YET also). But what about them? Those who are silenced by fear, deprived and ignorant of their rights, and convinced that they are hopelessly helpless are still afraid, ignorant and feeling hopelessly helpless. Nothing will really change, when we go on just being sad over the whole thing. Not unless we budge from our comfort zones. Not unless we stop staring and start doing actually something. “What for?” you ask. I am only a college student. Exactly. We are still in school, and we can use our stay here in an educational institution that lives to hone men and women for others. Make a stand, make it heard, and stick it out. Maybe, in time, our feeble voices will join the silent cries of the oppressed and slowly change the apathetic mindset. Listen hard and look around for once. While we are sharing the latest in fashion with our friendships, bros, and sistahs, while we are killing the time between our classes, while we are passionately chatting about whose ex is who, remember those who are not and cannot. They are crying for help, will we just shrug our shoulders and back away? Are we too chicken to go beyond our blissful tra-la-la existences? That’s not true, you say, I care! Of course you do. Of course we are against violence to women. That’s exactly our problem. We wholeheartedly care. We can sympathize and empathize, feeling bursts of anger, pity, and even disgust. But it’s all in our heads. Only in our pretty darn heads. And sadly, more often than not, it stops there. Wanna bet? Dinner. A seventeen-year-old teenage girl was found murdered in a filthy ditch behind an abandoned warehouse. After a thorough autopsy, the investigators concluded that the girl was gang-raped and then beaten to death. The girl was a graduating honor student. “Ang bata pa niya”, “Those sadistic rapists deserve to rot in jail!”, “Sayang nung future nung bata, tsk tsk”. Now, what? Deep breath. Umm. Then, silence. Here we go again.
In loving memory +GERARDO SEGISMUNDO 04 July 2007
minagi na lang an pirang taon, gruminadwar na lang si mga dapat responsable, dai pa langgad natapos an Magna Carta kan mga estudyante digdi sa satuyang unibersidad. An Magna Carta iyo an matao nin garantiya asin kasiguruhan satuyang mga estudyante. Ini sarong magayon na bagay na makakatabang na marhay sato gabos. Dakulon nang nangyari asin mga pinasakitan na mga estudyante nin huli ta mayong madudumanan an mga iniyu pagabot sa saindang mga karapatan asin pribileheyo. Hanggan nuarin pa daw titiuson kan Atenista an kawaran nin proteksyon laban sa pwedeng pang-aabuso kan mga maestra o kan administrasyon mismo? Magkulang-kulang sais mil na estudyante ngunyan an naglalaog sa satuyang unibersidad. Ngunyan, mas kinakaipuhan kan satuyang Supreme Student Government (SSG) na siguraduhon an karahayan kan mga konstituentes kaini. Sa huring eleksyon, nagboto an lagpas treinte y singkong porsyento
kan mga estudyante kan Ateneo. Sana lang dai malingawan kan mga nakatukaw sa pwesto an saindang obligasyon asin responsibilidad sa mga Atenista. Tano ta higot higot ako na gibohan nin paagi kan gobyerno ta mangungod sa satuyang karahayan asin karapatan? Iyo ta saro yan sa saindang papel bilang gobyerno kan estudyante. Trabaho ninda na tabangan ka, na protektahan ka. Ta kun dai magibohan nin solusyon, partikularmente na an pagpasa ni Magna Carta, nasa herak na lang kita kan nagpipirang tawo asin grupo. Kan nakaaging bakasyon, dakulang isyu an nagbuklat kan mga mata kan mga estudyante. Iniyo an napabaretang pagsuspende sa mga sinasabing nagkasala na mga nag-affiliate na nursing students. Napalala pa an isyu kan naaraman na pinagkonsidira na pahaleon na lang sa unibersidad an mga nasambit nang mga estudyante. Alagad, sa huri, community service na lang ang tinaong sentensya sainda. Ngunyan na panahon, mayo nang gusto mag-komentaryo
hale sa administrasyon manungod sa kaso. Tapos na daa. Iyo man ini an sabi kan sarong myembro kan Student Tribunal sa samuyang parasurat. Habo na daa ninda mapasupog pa si mga nadamay. Iyo, naiintidihan mi na dapat respetohon an sitwasyon kan mga estudyante. Pero kun si mga nadamay mismo gusto magrani samo asin magsabi kan saindang lado, tano ta habo kan administrasyon asin Student Tribunal? Iyo, sarado na an kaso. Pero dai pa nanggad ako ugma sa nangyari sa mga estudyante. Dawa nang community service na lang tinao saindang sentensya, pinaagi pa sinda sa manlain lain na sakit asin kasusupgan nin huli ta pigkonsidirar pa kan administrasyon an pagpapahale sainda. Kun ika sarong estudyante na magradwar na, tapos nakasali sa arog kaining isyu, takuton ka pa nin pagkasuspende asin pag-dismiss, tapos biglaan na babaan an saimong sentensya sa community service, dai ka daw kayan matakot? Dai ko lugod maisip kun anong sakit inagihan kan mga
estudyanteng ito. An saro pa, sa pagmate kan mga kaklase asin kabistado kan mga estudyante, dai daa pantay asin tultol si imbestigasyon sa nasabing pangyayari. Sentimyento ninda, dapat daa sa saindang kolehiyo na muna hinanapan nin paagi an problema, bago daa ipinasa sa Disciplinary Board. Sabihon ta na na nagkasala talaga sinda, tano daw ta biglang nagbagong desisyon an administrasyon pagabot sa pagtao nin sentensya? Sa sakuyang paghiling, duwa lang ang pwedeng nangyari kun tano ta habo magtaram an administrasyon asin Student Tribunal tungkol sa nangyari. Enot, sinsero talaga sinda sa saindang sinambit na habo na nindang mapasupog asin magsakit pa si mga nadamay; o pangduwa, sala si pagtrato ninda sa isyu kun kaya habo na ninda magkomentaryo. Kaya pakiulay sa satuyang SSG lalong lalo na sa satuyang presidente, gibohan nindong paagi na tabangan asin protektahan an mga estudyante. Tama na an iriwal-iwal.
hindi ko rin alam. Ang Philippine Army raw ang humahawak ng mga ebidensya at hindi naman daw ito ipinakita sa kanya. Sa makatuwid, papaano nasabing NPA nga ang mga kabataang ito? Hindi naman kaya dahil sa pista sa baranggay na iyon ay napagkamalan din nilang nasa shooting range sila sa perya at pelet gun lamang ang hawak nila? Matatawag bang maswerte si Junjun dahil naiuwi ang kanyang bangkay, naimbalsama at napaglamayan ng pamilya, habang ang labi ni Ronilo ang inilibing nang hindi nakikita ng kanyang pamilya at hindi rin naimbalsama? Kung bakit ganito ay hindi ko rin alam. Sa dami kasi ng iregularidad at sa minadaling pagsuri ng mga bangkay, isang lantarang paglabag na ito ng karapatang pantao. Isa pang biktima ay si Farly, isang estudyante ng Camarines Norte State College(CNSC), pinatay tatlong metro mula sa gate ng kanyang paaralan. Ang nakakapagtaka lang e kung bakit nung araw na pinatay si Farly ay inabot ng syam-syam bago dumating ang mga pulis, samantalang noong bumisita ang grupo ng IYSM sa harap ng CNSC para magtirik ng kandila at magsalita sa harap ng nakararami, ay mabilis pa sa alas dose ang pagsita ng mga pulis, sabay kuha ng lisensya ng driver ng sinasakyang bus, kung ano mang paglabag, hindi ko na naman alam. Nakakapagtaka lang kung napapadalas ang pagtataka. Saklap. Sina Ambo, Cris at Joel naman ay mula sa Albay.
Biktima rin sila ng political killings. Naifeature na namin sila dati kaya kung nagbasa ka, alam mo ang kwento. Ilan lamang sila sa mga kaso ng pagpaslang na mapanis na ang kwento. Kadalasan kasi ang simpatya sagana sa simula lang, at kadalasan din, hanggang sa pakikisimpatya nalang. Kung mapapansin mo nga naman, napapadalas din kasi ang pagsasawalang kibo ng awtoridad sa mga krimeng ito. Mapapaisip ka tuloy kung saan talaga sila magaling, sa mga isyu nga kaya ng pagpatay o sa pagpatay nalang talaga ng isyu. Kadalasan, sapat na sa atin ang malaman ang mga bagay na to. Dahil kadalasan, wala na tayong pakialam, o marahil na rin dahil sa takot na tayong makialam. Dun nga siguro nagtatagumpay ang mga pasimuno ng pagtakot sa mga kabataan na pinanindigan ang mga bagay na alam nilang tama. Hustisya lang ang isinisigaw ng mga pamilya ng mga biktima, kadalasan pang nababalewala. Hindi kasi sapat ang magbasa ka lang ng column na to. Kadalasan kasi wala ka ring mapapala sa mga ganitong sermon dahil kadalasan na nating nababasa ang mga balitang ganito. Ano nga ba naman kung may isa o dalawa nanamang kabataan ang napaslang? Wala pa naming namamatay na Atenista. Kadalasan rin, pakiramdam natin wala tayong magagawa. At kadalasan, mali tayo doon. Saklap.
Kadalasan Kadalasan, tinitingnan lang natin ang nais nating makita. Mas madali nga namang tanggapin ang mga katotohanang nakapaloob lamang sa kung anong kayang intindihin ng makitid at play-safe nating utak. Marahil, masyado nating kinakahon ang saklaw ng kakayahan nating umintindi at pumipili tayo ng katotohanang paniniwalaan ayon sa kung ano lamang ang kaya nating sikmurain. Saklap. Sa pagdami ng mga biktima ng political killings, nakababahala din ang dami ng youth killings. Isang indikasyon na hindi na rin ligtas ang mga tulad nating kabataan. Kaya progresibo ka man mag-isip o hinde, simpleng estudyante ka man o kahit na tambay ka lang d’yan sa kanto, hindi ka nakasisiguro sa buhay mo. At ang masaklap pa, harap-harapan ang paglabag sa karapatang pantao ngunit sa huli ay walang maasahang hustisya ang mga namatay at ang kanilang mga iniwan. Nakakasilaw kasi ang lakas ng mga taong nasa likod ng pagpaslang, mahirap mang tanggapin, ngunit sa lakas ng kapangyarihan nila, kayang kaya nilang maabswelto sa kahit anong pang-aabusong nagawa at maaari pang gawin. Kung bibilangin, mula nang umupo ang Pangulong Arroyo sa pwesto noong Enero 21, 2001 hanggang Hunyo 20 ng taong ito, 866 na ang namamatay. Sa mga ito, 22 ang kabataan, 54 ang menor de edad, habang 143 na sa mga pinaslang ang galing sa
Bikol. Nalikom ang lahat ng datus na ito mula sa factfinding mission na ginawa ng International Youth Solidarity Mission (IYSM) noong Hunyo 2325, 2007. Layunin ng pagtitipon ng mga kabataan mula sa iba’tibang bansa na paigtingin ang kamalayan ng kabataan dito sa Pilipinas ukol sa napapanahong isyung na political killings at para na rin tulungan ang mga pamilya ng mga pinaslang. Hindi man mabigyang solusyon ang ganitong mga suliranin nang madalian, ngunit kung lahat tayo ay makikialam, may makukuha tayong sagot, matatapos din ang pagtataka. Tayo man ang nakababatang sektor ng bansa, tayo naman ang naturingang pinakamarami, pinakaorganisado at pinakamalakas. Nakakaparanoid nga naman talaga ‘yun. Dalawa lang sa mga biktima sina Junjun at Ronilo, mga myembro ng Kabataan Partylist sa Capalonga, Camarines Norte, pinatay ng mga militar sa pagaakalang sila ay myembro ng Bagong Hukbong Bayan (New People’s Army). Nagsimula ang buong kuwento nang isang umaga, sinabi ng Philippine Army na nagkaroon daw ng engkwentro sa pagitan nila at ng NPA. Ayon sa pulis blotter, nakakuha ang mga militar ng mga subersibong dokumento at isang .38 kalibre na baril sa mga namatay. Hugas kamay ang hepe ng pulisya doon, hindi rin daw n’ya nakita ang mga ebidensyang ito, at kung bakit naitala ang mga ito sa blotter ay
handbook BY RAMOS, Elmer Guarin
“…every move you make... I’ll be watching you.”
-Every Breath You Take, The Police
Imagine your life suddenly overhauled into a huge reality show. Nifty electronic surveillance devices positioned strategically around every corner of your home. You try to call someone. Evil static noise crackles in the background. A faint echo of your own voice only aggravates your annoyance and yes, fear. Relax. Your N3210 is not possessed by some demon from the haunted halls of Congress. Your phone is just being tapped and if you are lucky enough to have a one-time stint, even as a sheer kibitzer on an anti-GMA rally, then congrats! Big Bro, or rather, Little Sis in Malacañang is watching you. The scenario is not a rip-off from an Orwellian novel or that paranoiac film, Enemy of the State. It can be a typical scene from your daily routine: just one possible implication resulting from the passing of the Anti-terror Law or for some alluring mass appeal, the Human Security Act of 2007. Under Sec. 7 of the Act, the government has the right to eavesdrop on alleged “terrorists” including their conspirators. With only an approval of any Regional Trial Court, suspects would be subjected to electronic espionage with their means of communication intercepted and recorded. If political bigwigs like Garci could be susceptible to surveillance, how much vulnerable can a common citizen be? Dictator’s Handbook turn to page 6