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Grammar is imperative to understand as it controls the flow of sentences. The CBSE board has incorporated Hindi grammar (



) in the curricula of elementary level and

higher level with a purpose to develop basic grammar skills of students. Language is a medium through which an individual expresses his or her thoughts, ideas and feelings and also understand the thoughts of others. However, it is extremely important for an individual to maintain a correct flow while communicating or writing Hindi sentences. Hindi grammar plays a significant role in conveying writer’s message appropriately. Knowledge of grammar helps students in understanding the usage and importance of a particular word in a sentence. The study of Hindi grammar also enhances students’ Hindi word pronunciation. In Hindi CBSE grammar, eight parts of speech are included such as Sangyaa (Noun), Sarvnam (Pronoun), Vesheshan (Adjective), Kriya (Verb), Kriya Visheshan (Adverb), Sambandhbhodak (Preposition), Yojak (Conjunction) and Ghotak (Interjection).CBSE Hindi grammar textbooks are designed to upgrade students’ knowledge and improve their vocabulary skills. Students, who are pursuing education under the CBSE board, can understand Hindi grammar thoroughly with the help of important study materials prescribed by the board.

Hindi Noun (Sangya) In Hindi grammar, noun is recognized as Sangya (

) that helps in structuring a sentence appropriately. It is an important part of Devanagri script, which makes a sentence

comprehensible for students. Noun in Hindi grammar have gender, masculine or feminine forms.

Definition of Noun in Hindi: Hindi Nouns or Sangya (

) are naming words, which we usually use in Hindi sentences. Sangya can be a name of a place, thing, person or animal and abstract ideas, which we can

touch, feel and see. It is broadly divided into 5 parts.

Types of Noun in Hindi:

1. Vyakti vachak sangya (





2. Jati vachak sangya (

) (Common Noun)



3. Bhav vachak sangya (

) (Proper Noun)



) (Abstract Noun)

4. Samudaay vachak sangya (





5. Dravya vachak sangya (

) (Collective Noun)



) (Material Noun)

Sentences using Sangya are mentioned below: 1.





2.



3.











(Mona ek aachi ladki hai.)











(Football team mein 11 khiladi hote hai.)

(Tajmahal Agra shaher mein hai.)

Hindi Pronoun (Sarvanam) Sarvanam (

) or pronoun is a part of speech that is mainly used in place of noun to avoid repetition of name of a person or a thing in the sentence. Usually, sarvanam is used to

indicate a noun. In Hindi grammar, there are six types of pronouns that are used in the Devanagri script.

Types of Pronoun in Hindi:

1. Purush vachak sarvanam (

i. Uttam Purush (



) (First Person)

ii. Madhyam Purush (

iii. Anya Purush (

) (Personal Pronoun): It is further divided into three types:

) (Second Person)

) (Third Person)

2. Nischay vachak sarvanam (



) (Demonstrative Pronoun)



3. Anischay vachak sarvanam (



4. Sambandh vachak sarvanam (





5. Prashna vachak sarvanam (

) (Relative Pronoun)





6. Nijvachak sarvanam (

) (Indefinite Pronoun) ) (Interrogative Pronoun)

) (Reflexive Pronoun)

Sentences using Sarvanam are mentioned below: 1.









2. 3.

























(Mein tumhare liye kahana banakar layi hun.)

(Sab log pariksha mai pass ho gaye.)

? (Tum kahan ja rehe ho.)

Hindi Adjective (Visheshan) Visheshan (

) or adjective is an essential element of a sentence. It expresses the quality of a person or thing. In Hindi grammar, visheshan or adjective is used to explain noun

including person, place or thing in a better way. Hindi adjective or visheshan is used before the noun or the pronoun in the sentence. There are four types of adjective or visheshan in Hindi grammar.

Types of Adjective in Hindi:

1. Gunavachak visheshan (

) (Descriptive Adjective/ Adjective of Quality)

2. Parimanvachak visheshan (





) (Adjective of Quantity)

3. Sankhyavachak visheshan (





) (Numeric Adjective)

4. Sarvanmic visheshan (



) (Demonstrative Adjective)

Sentences using Visheshan are mentioned below: 1.





2.





3.







(Seema ek sundar ladki hai.)



















(Nelson Mandela dakshin Africa ke prasid swatantrata senani evam rashtrapati the.)

(Ramesh ek chatur ladka hai.)

Hindi Preposition (Kaarak or Sambhandbodhak) Hindi Preposition or Kaarak (

) plays a crucial role in making a sentence simple and understandable for readers. Kaarak (

) or sambhandbodhak (



) are the words,

which are specifically used in the sentence to explain the relationship between nouns, adjective and verbs. Along with this, it also relates noun (sangya) and pronoun (sarvanam) with the other words of the sentence.

Types of Preposition in Hindi: 1. Karta (

) Ne ( )

2. Karm (

) Ko ( ) ) Se, Ke Dwara ( ,

3. Karan (



)

) Ko, Ke Liye ( ,

4. Sampradaan (



)

) Se (Alag Karna) ( ,

5. Aapadaan (

) Ka, Ki, Ke ( ,

6. Samband (

) Mein, Per (

7. Adhikaran (

,

,

)

)

)

) Hai, Are ( ,

8. Sambodhan (



)

Sentences using Kaarak are mentioned below: 1.



2.



3.







































(Rakesh ne Shyaam ki paddhai mein bahut sahayata ki hai.)

(Subhash apne mitra ke saath bazaar gaya tha.)





(Amit ne Priya ke liye nayi pustak kharidi hai.)

Hindi Verb (Kriya) Hindi Verb or Kriya (

) is highly imperative part of speech. It is mainly used in the sentence to explain an action or a state of being. Verb or Kriya explains what a noun is doing or

had done. It describes action in present tense, past tense or future tense.

Types of Verb in Hindi:

1. Sakarmak Kriya (

) (Transitive Verb):It is divided into two parts:

Preranarthak Kriya ( Dwikarmak Kriya (



2. Akarmak Kriya (

) (Causative Verb) ) (Verbs with two objects)

) (Intransitive Verb)

Sentences using Kriya are mentioned below: 1.



2.



3.

















(Rajeev aacha cricket khelta hai.)

(Naina roz school jati hai.)





(Manoj ne accha gana gaaya tha.)

Hindi Adverb (Kriya Veshashan) Hindi Adverb or Kriya Veshashan (



) is a vital part of speech in Hindi grammar. It helps in explaining verbs or adjectives that are being used with a noun in a sentence. In

other words, adverb or kriya veshashan are used to modify the adjectives and verbs of a sentence.

Types of Adverb in Hindi:

1. Kaal Vachak (

) (Time)

2. Sthan Vachak (

) (Place)

3. Pariman Vachak (

4. Reeti Vachak (

) (Quantity)

) (Manner)

Sentences using Kriya Veshashan are listed below: 1.



2.





3.

































(Shobha aksar school ke baad paddahi karne apne saheli ke ghar jati hai.)

(Bharat mein cricket ka bada prachalan hai.)













(Paryavaran sanrakshan main vano ka bahut bada yogdhan hai.)

Hindi Conjunction (Yojak / Sammuchay-bodhak) Hindi Conjunction is popularly known as Yojak (

) or Sammuchay-bodhak (

-

). It joins two words, sentences, phrases and clauses. It is a part of speech and used to

structure sentences appropriately.

Types of Conjunction in Hindi: -

1. Vikalp-soochak (

) (Alternative)

) (Dis-joint)

2. Vibhajak (

-

3. Parinaam-soochak ( -

4. Karan-soochak (

) (Result)

) (Reason) -

5. Uddeshya-soochak (

) (Motive)

Sentences using Sammuchay bodhak are mentioned below: 1. 2.





























(Ravi ne naii cycle kharidi magar chalaana nahi sikha.)





















(Aaj vigyan ne manav jivan ko saral bana diya hai parantu athaydhik prayog bhi

nuksan dayak hota hai.) 3.































(School mein di gayi shiksha evam pariksha ka ek vidyarthi ke jeevan mein bahut mahatav

hai.)

Hindi Interjection (Ghotak / Vismayaadi-bodhak) In Hindi grammar, Interjection is known as Ghotak (

) or Vismayaadi-bodhak (

-

). It is used in the sentence to express extreme emotion and feelings. These are known

as exclamatory words and mainly used at the beginning of the sentence and usually followed by an exclamation mark or comma.

Types of Interjection in Hindi: ), Achcha ! (

1. Theek ! (

2. Sach ! ( ), Hain ! (

), Arre ! (

), Ahaa ! (

3. Wah ! (

), Achchha! (

), Baap Re ! (

), Wah-wah ! (

4. Dhikkaar ! (

), Chhih ! (

5. Oh ! ( ), Uff ! (

), Haay ! (

), Bahut ! ( -



)

), Kya ! (

), Aahaa ! (

)

)

), Dhat ! ( ) ), Afsos ! (

), Aah ! ( )

Sentences using Ghotak or Vismayaadi-bodhak are listed below: !

1. 2.



3.

!







!

















(Afsos ! tum khel pratiyogita mein bhaag nahi ley paye.)









(Bhautt achchhe ! sunit aur vinay dono pariksha mein acche ankon se pass ho gaye.)

? (Arre ! Tum kal kaha chale gaye the.)

CBSE Hindi Literature CBSE Hindi Worksheet

More Topics In CBSE Hindi Grammar SangyaSarvanamVisheshanKaarakKriyaYojakGhotakKriya VisheshanVarn VicharShabad VicharLing Aur VachanHindi vakya ke bhedParyayvaachi ShabdVilom ShabdEkvachan BhauvachanPratyayaUpsargAnek Shabdon Ke Liye Ek ShabdViram ChinhMuhavareLokoktiyanSandhiSamaasAlankar

Related Concepts adjectives in hindi grammaradverbs in hindi grammarconjunctions in hindi grammarghotak hindi grammarhindi grammar Kaarakhindi grammar Kriyahindi grammar nounhindi grammar pronounsuffix in hindi grammarCBSE Class 10 Hindicbse class 3 hindicbse class 4 hindi Home | About | FAQ's | Careers | Terms | Contact Us | News | Sitemap | Blog | Cbse | Icse | RD Sharma Solutions Click here to get help Copyright © 2017 Specadel Technologies Private Limited, All rights reserved.

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