Acta Pediátrica Costarricense
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Print version ISSN 1409-0090
ALFARO, Anabelle et al. Caracterización clínica del dengue hemorrágico en niños. Acta pediátr. costarric [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.2, pp. 11-16. ISSN 1409-0090. Objectives: To determine the symptoms present at admission that predict the evolution of hemorrhagic dengue. Materials y methods: A study of cases and controls of 88 patients admitted to the Pediatric Service at Dr. Enrique Baltodano Hospital, Liberia in 2003. The patients included in the study had positive lgM serology at discharge. Distribution by sex, mean age, evolution of illness at admission, and hospitalization days were calculated. A multivariate analysis was done on the clinical variables associated with evolution of hemorrhagic dengue. Results: Of the 88 patients 22 evolved as hemorrhagic dengue and 66 as classic dengue. 39.8% (n=35) males, 60.2% (n=53) females. Mean age in years 5.2 for hemorrhagic dengue and 7.7 for classic dengue. The average hospitalization days were 4 for the hemorrhagic dengue and 2.7 for the classical. Abdominal pain and retroocular pain are the independent predictors of hemorrhagic dengue in children. The ultrasound findings were 45% (n=10) with ascites, and 55% (n=12) with ascites, pleural effusion and galI bladder edema. Conclusions: The abdominal pain and retroocular pain detected at admission are the independent predictors for hemorrhagic dengue. Keywords : Hemorrhagic dengue; abdominal pain; ultrasound; platelets; retroocular pain.
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